Java can do the job, just off the top of my head I can think of 2 big games
XNA is a good platform too, and since C# and Java are very similar you may have no trouble learning it. Here is one basic tutorial, and there are many other's on the same site:
I know it says for xbox, but C# XNA can be compiled for Windows too. You can choose to ignore all the steps concerning xbox. On the bottom, just download the one that says: Project and Content - Windows.