Hi all,

I recently discovered that the latest OpenGL standards have deprecated glTranslatef and a bunch of other immediate-mode functions.

My graphics hardware is not great (it doesn't support VAOs, for instance) but I feel I should learn the correct way of doing things.

I read these tutorials: http://www.swiftless.com/opengltuts/opengl4tuts.html and the ones at opengl-tutorial.net.

I tried to implement shaders into my code, but I just see some yellow lines...

Here's what I'm doing: (my shader loading function is from here):

In the initiation procedure:

glViewport(0, 0, (GLsizei) screenSize.x, (GLsizei) screenSize.y); projectionMatrix = glm::perspective( 75.0f, screenSize.x / screenSize.y, clip_near, clip_far); int programShaderID = loadShaders("vertexShader.txt","fragmentShader.txt"); glBindAttribLocation(programShaderID, 0, "in_Position"); // Bind a constant attribute location for positions of vertices glUseProgram(programShaderID);

Drawing is done by VBOs only (my hardware doesn't support VAOs AFAIK), in the usual way as far as I can see.

Every frame, after drawing:

int projectionMatrixLocation = glGetUniformLocation(programShaderID, "projectionMatrix"); // Get the location of our projection matrix in the shader int viewMatrixLocation = glGetUniformLocation(programShaderID, "viewMatrix"); // Get the location of our view matrix in the shader int modelMatrixLocation = glGetUniformLocation(programShaderID, "modelMatrix"); // Get the location of our model matrix in the shader glUniformMatrix4fv(projectionMatrixLocation, 1, GL_FALSE, &projectionMatrix[0][0]); // Send our projection matrix to the shader glUniformMatrix4fv(viewMatrixLocation, 1, GL_FALSE, &viewMatrix[0][0]); // Send our view matrix to the shader glUniformMatrix4fv(modelMatrixLocation, 1, GL_FALSE, &modelMatrix[0][0]); // Send our model matrix to the shader

Shaders:

vertex:

#version 330 core in vec3 in_Position; void main(){ uniform mat4 projectionMatrix; uniform mat4 viewMatrix; uniform mat4 modelMatrix; gl_Position = projectionMatrix * viewMatrix * modelMatrix * vec4(vertexPosition_modelspace, 1.0); }

fragment:

#version 330 core out vec3 color; void main(){ color = vec3(1,0,0); }

I can see something, but my glm::matrices are not seeming to work (i.e. the translation is NOT happening).

I'm so confused, and most of the tutorials seem to use VAOs which I can't do.

**Am I doing this right?**

**Can I use shaders without VAOs? **

**Am I supposed to pass vertex to a shader, like I did with the matrices?**

EDIT:

**I checked, and it is only the translation which is not happening as far as I can see. Why is this?**

Thanks very much in advance

mikey