Jump to content

  • Log In with Google      Sign In   
  • Create Account


Like
0Likes
Dislike

Reflexive Entertainment

By Drew Sikora | Published Feb 20 2005 07:52 PM in Interviews

If you find this article contains errors or problems rendering it unreadable (missing images or files, mangled code, improper text formatting, etc) please contact the editor so corrections can be made. Thank you for helping us improve this resource

The CMP Game Group (producer of Game Developer magazine, Gamasutra.com, and the Game Developers Conference) established the Independent Games Festival in 1998 to encourage innovation in game development and to recognize the best independent game developers. They saw how the Sundance Film Festival benefited the independent film community, and wanted to create a similar event for independent game developers as well as the student population of game developers.

I was able to chat with several members of the Reflexive team about their game Wik and the Fable of Souls, a game that blurs the lines between several genres. Wik's unique gameplay is a quick snag to players – who would have thought a character that swings with his tongue and shoots bugs would be so cool? Apparently these guys did. Let's find out more.


Who are you and how were you involved in Wik?

Ion: Ion Hardie, Lead Level Designer and SFX creator
Simon: My name is Simon Hallam, and I'm the Producer & Lead Programmer
Zach: I'm Zach Young, artist, music, and play tester :)
Brian: Brian Fisher, Programmer
Ion: Simon also really did a lot of the early designing in Wik


How long have you guys been together as a team?

Ion: I've been at the company for 7 years, Zach has been here for 6 years, Simon and Brian have been here for... 2-3 years?
Brian: I've been here a year and some change
Simon: I've been here 3 & a bit years
Ion: We really started working on larger, retail games. We recently transitioned to smaller, downloadable products
Brian: Starting last Christmas, went sans publisher for good
Simon: Christmas before last - but it's all good
Brian: Yeah what he said
Zach: And we are never going back to big games! EVER! You can't make me!!!


Wow that's a long time - have you guys entered games into the IGF before?

Ion: No, no IGF submissions. We have been doing downloadable games for years, but really only part time until last year


Well congrats on making it to the finals on your first year. How's it feel?

Ion: Rad!
Simon: It feels great!
Brian: Like I'm floating on a cloud
Simon: We are very excited
Zach: It's absolutely amazing, I am more proud of Wik than any other game I have ever been a part of
Ion: I think we are all pretty stoked! We are actually looking into different ideas for things to give away at IGF to get the crowd into the game...
Simon: ...like an animatronics stuffed Wik with fully articulated tongue/swing mechanism...
Brian: Indie rocks!


You guys seem to have a lot of games. What made you choose Wik? Were others up for entry as well?

Ion: We actually entered Ricochet Lost Worlds too, but it was more of a commercial success than an innovate product, I suppose, as it didn't make the finals. Ricochet is our "break out" series of games, and it has done very well for us commercially over the years
Zach: Well, technically we entered both of our relevant games, it just so happened Wik got picked ;)
Brian: For me it seems a natural fit, because we were never constrained by genre in the development


And how did Wik come about?

Simon: Each programmer here worked on a number of single day quick game prototypes, based on various original ideas we had each had. Then when we had quite a few of them the founding partners in the company basically picked which one seemed like the most interesting & likely to be commercially successful. Wik was originally a game prototype called BugEater, it seemed like the most interesting at the time and so we committed it to full development


So how long was Wik in development?

Ion: 7 months…
Simon: About 9 months
Zach: 3 months
Zach and Simon laugh
Ion: …with the whole team. Simon was actually on it a couple months longer
Brian: We had different scales of development throughout. We even did some additional development after release, in order to help it go to a larger audience by having software only rendering. So it really depends on how you like to measure :)
Ion: Simon was the original designer on the product, and he was by his lonesome in the beginning
Simon: Simon and the Lead Artist worked on the game in pre-production for an initial 2 months, hehe :)
Ion: Money-wise, 7 months for full team (that's what our accountant has the game down for)


What's the basic idea behind the game play in Wik?

Brian: Fun
Simon: The basic idea changed radically about 4 months into development. The mechanic that inspired the original 'quick prototype' (BugEater) was actually based on Missile Command (!!!). About 3 months in we didn't feel like the gameplay was fun enough, so we started coming up with crazy radical ideas. Brian had been experimenting with having Wik be affected by gravity, and at that time Wik looked more frog/iguana like
Ion: Gravity was the thing that turned the corner in my book
Brian: An apple hit my head one day...
Simon: So it wasn't long before the idea of swinging on his tongue took shape. Brian and I worked closely for several weeks at that point trying to get the feel of Wik down. I think it turned out pretty great, I'm very happy with the way Wik moves around, the rate at which a player develops skill moving him around, etc.
Brian: With respect to the story and grub collection though, those concepts were consistent throughout development
Simon: Right, the idea to have him eat bugs was in the original prototype. The basic story was also something that was worked out in pre-production and didn't change significantly throughout development of the project
Brian: Simon came up with those story themes early on (after we moved from the prototype stage) and developed a lot of stuff with the lead artist, Jeff McAteer. But fun is the basic idea :)


So does Wik span many genres, or do you consider it to be outside conventional genres?

Ion: Hmmm…
Simon: Personally, I think it's outside of common genres, which was something of a concern during development
Brian: It would definitely be a platformer, but that was never a design goal
Ion: I would expect to see this type of game on a PS2
Brian: Yeah, we did a lot with the control scheme to try and make it more accessible
Ion: I tried for a long time to see how the controls could work on an Xbox
Brian: But at the same time I guess you'd say the look and skill level are more towards hard-core gaming
Zach: I think it, like anything, can be placed in a few genres, but I don't think it completely fits, so I would have to say a bit outside of conventional game genres, especially downloadable games
Brian: Actually Zach said it right, put me down for his answer
Ion: Basically, we are a bunch of developers that like harder-core games and we are trying to make them fit into the downloadable games space, which is typically full of puzzle games


I can pretty much do everything in the game with my mouse - was this simple control scheme also a goal in the design? Or did that develop from the game play?

Ion: I believe it was always a goal to make it as easy as possible
Simon: It was definitely a design goal from the start
Brian: Mouse-only I think was a goal. We did some play-testing too, and that drove us to make some changes to make it more intuitive and forgiving, and to make it so it's easier to get Wik to swing faster
Ion: In looking at other titles, and evaluating what we like, we really tried to make it as easy to learn the controls as possible. It can be very off-putting to have to learn and use a bunch of buttons
Simon: At several times during development we brought focus groups in so we could watch how they play without any instruction or feedback from us other than how to launch the game. We learned a lot and adjusted the game accordingly
Brian: We really wanted it to feel very natural, like Wik was an extension of your arm almost. We wanted the motion and movement to add to the artistic qualities of the game
Simon: As natural as swinging from his tongue can be!
Brian laughs


Speaking of artistic qualities, what was the motivation behind the look of Wik?

Ion: Gollum meets a frog ;)
Zach: Well, early on Jeff and I kicked around a bunch of ideas... We wanted a look that was dark but kind of inviting...
Brian: I don't think anyone mentioned Gollum until after Wik was created...
Ion: That's true
Simon: Interestingly, in Jeff McAteer's eyes, Gollum really wasn't a direct influence
Zach: He nailed the character almost immediately in my opinion, but it took a while for everyone to kinda come around to it... the environments were designed around the look of Wik because after all, it is his world. So that was kind of a no-brainer, although it proved to be a bit of a task tying in the fairytale feel we also wanted. Just like anything else though, if you work at it enough, eventually it gets to where you want it to be
Simon: We knew the character would have frog/iguana like qualities, but we wanted Wik to feel more human, so that people could relate more and maybe even feel something for his rather sad story
Brian: I can't speak for the artists, but I know that Simon wanted the storybook influence very early on. Simon, you and Jeff wanted Wik to look like an anti-hero, right?
Simon: Yes, very much so. Wik went through a lot before he began the adventure that unfolds in the game


What sort of issues arose from the swinging game play, both from the design and technical sides?

Simon laughs
Simon: I'm not sure why that's funny, but...
Ion: What didn't arise??
Simon: …it changed things a lot!
Brian: Lots of lost time as certain team members swung around for hours at a time... :P I actually thought swinging solved a lot of the issues that came up with gravity and platforming
Ion: Ha! It changed everything. Level design, power up ideas, level completion, game timers...
Simon: The biggest problem right away was that a skilled player could reach any point on any level pretty much whenever they wanted
Zach: It's not like we competed to see who could do the most consecutive loops for days at a time or anything... :)
Simon laughs
Simon: Remember the day when we thought 7 loops was totally amazing?!?!
Brian: And then I fixed the bug...
Ion: We had to try and figure out why people would want to do certain things. Why get good at swinging was one of our largest problems. We had to figure out why people would want to get good at something like that. In the office, it seemed very cool...but we were very concerned no one would do it. (Swinging, that is...)
Brian: Ion's right – when there were no level goals, we'd spend our time swinging and jumping. But once we'd have the goal, it would be mostly jumping and grabbing and spitting
Ion: We came up with some ideas, and had to try and figure out how to get them into the game and have someone care. That was our largest hurdle, I think
Brian: Absolutely right
Ion: We had to balance the timing of the level, the control scheme of the player, the 5 minute goal and the 30 minute goal and not make the resultant gameplay too difficult
Simon: Interestingly, the dev team seemed to be split into 2 camps for a while, there were the "swingers" and the "spitters"
Ion: I was a spitter
Zach: I'm a swinger!!!!!!
Simon: Several members of the team loved jumping & swinging around. We would play on a map that had no enemies or goal for hours...
Ion: That discussion was one of the main reasons that there are two game modes in the game. I never really got into the Challenge Mode, as it emphasizes swinging. However, I love the Story Mode, as it emphasizes the "spitting" model of gameplay
Simon: …other members of the team liked collecting a mouthful of bugs and spitting them shotgun-style at large swarms of flying bugs
Ion: Yes! Shotgun rules!
Brian: It's funny, the trigger that helped us to figure out how to merge the two styles better was when we discovered a bug that was making Wik swing right way faster than we wanted. But when we fixed it, the swingers swung less, so we tried amping up the swing, and then the spitters were more interested in swinging. Happy accident I guess
Ion: A great accident!


Were there any other modes of play that didn't make it into the final game?

Simon: Yes. As well as the story and challenge modes, there was going to be a skill mode where the player gained points for moving around a level in skillful/unique ways. We had something we called "glow power", which was a kind of energy that was represented visually around Wik himself as you did more and more cool loops, combinations of loops, swings and jumps, etc. We never quite figured out how to structure a set of goals for the player to accomplish and measure their performance, and we started to run short on dev time on the project. Still, the skill mode exists in some fashion in the prologue levels


So was the physics developed in house? Or did you guys use an existing library/engine?

Ion: All here!
Brian: In house
Simon: BRIAN!!! I should say the name BRIAN one more time :) Brian is out in house physics guru
Ion: Awww...how sweet...
Brian: I was making another game prototype based on a game concept of Simon's. It was basically continuous circle-to-circle collision with angular momentums, so I just put it into Wik. I wanted to do even cooler stuff (rotating polys, rigid body, etc), but the gameplay didn't need it
Simon: Brian even obeys the laws of physics in real life!
Brian: I'm a good citizen...


What other tools were used in developing Wik?

Simon: We used the core of Reflexive's Velocity Engine as the foundation for the game, and built a new technology we now call "The Prop Engine" on top of it
Zach: The artists used Zbrush for modeling the high res, rendered backgrounds, along with Photoshop, the in-game particle system (which rocks), and 3D studio Max 6
Ion: Sound: Cool Edit Pro 2.0, Sound Library: Lots of smaller ones, but the backbone is the Sound Ideas General 6000. Waves were then compressed into ogg format using different compression ratios, based on sound quality
Simon: Visual C++ 6
Zach: For music I used a Korg Triton workstation
Brian: A heavily modified anti-grain-geometry was used as an OpenGL replacement in some post release work
Simon: Originally we were using OpenGL and planned to use SDL, but after release we switched from OpenGL to what Brian said. We had a few compatibility issues with OpenGL so switched to a pure software rasterizer


So do you guys have an office? Or are you a virtual team?

Ion: An office in Lake Forest, CA
Simon: I'm virtually there right now!
Ion: We even each have our own office!
Zach: With a door!
Brian: And windows
Ion: And a window view!
Simon: It's like - the coolest! And desks and computers and toys in every office!
Ion: Simon has the most toys
Brian: The benefits of going from published to indie I guess...
Simon: Brian has a life sized Gollum in his office!


How much time per week was spent on Wik, on average? Did you guys have any serious crunch times? Could they have been avoided?

Simon: There was a very mild crunch at the end of the project. A few 16 hour days the last month or so, but mostly we kept a good balance
Brian: For me it was very erratic. Reflexive Arcade, our distribution system, shared some time. Crunch for me was madly trying to add last minute things I thought were cool, but I never felt I had to go to crunch time, so I don't think we had crunch in the way published developers would think of it
Ion: One of the weirdest things that has come out of the "no publisher" aspect is that we had deadlines, but they weren't "hard" like we had them before. Atari didn't care if we wanted to add something, or if it was "just right"...did we make the 15th or not? If not, no money. No money, no salary. When we pay for it ourselves, it is definitely different. If it wasn't good, we would make a decision to make it better without having to care about what the publisher thought. It is more of a self-policing decision-making process, and it opens up new cans of worms that we really hadn't dealt with before
Simon: Completely different to working on a high profile project for a "publisher with attitude"
Ion: Compared to our large publisher games, I really don't think we had a "crunch time" in the same way
Zach: I got a bit frazzled at the end but only because my duties doubled with the website for Wik, our arcade website, music and all of the press materials... but it was nothing like the bigger game crunch times


What other reasons made you guys decide to go indie and drop the publisher route?

Ion: Stable money, but this isn't the only answer...
Simon: BTW, Ion is one of the founding partners of Reflexive
Brian: We want the decision to cancel a project to be the right one :)
Ion: …but the publisher route is extremely tricky. We have traveled the roller coaster ride of hiring and firing when a publisher likes us, and then doesn't. We currently are a small team of 11 people, but we've been about 30 at our max...and this is due to the publisher/developer relationship. We would have to hire and then fire when the publisher relationship went south. I have slept a lot better at night now that I feel like we control our own destiny
Zach: Well, my personal opinion is that we always wanted to do the self published games and for the first time it looked like we could
Brian: See, Zach's answer is cool again damnit. Put me down for his
Simon: He of few but wise wordage...


Quality of Life is the new industry hot topic. What are your views on QoL in the industry, and what do you guys do to take the pressure off and keep it fun?

Ion: Ha! Get rid of the publisher and you'll be fine. :)
Simon: Oh gawd - now there's the biggest can of worms of all!
Brian: You beat me to it, Simon :)
Simon: We all thought it at the same time – I could feel it... ;)
Brian: But seriously, for me, making independent games is the biggest single impact on QoL
Ion: I have actually been following this, and I think that, for me at least, I don't feel the same as I did about this a couple of years ago when we were slaving away for Atari working on the Ravenloft prototype. I used to be extremely overworked. Now I just get to work on stuff that I like. Going indie was the best thing that probably happened to me in the last few years, professionally speaking
Simon: I would be happy if I never worked for a project for a large publisher again.
Brian: I think small teams help too...
Simon: I agree
Ion: Small teams are good...having people around that just get shit done is good too...
Simon: Everybody is directly accountable for something, nobody can slip through the cracks, much less middle management getting in the way and trying to justify their jobs, etc. Hopefully many of the working habits that are considered industry norms will be challenged by the focus that seems to be on QoL currently
Brian: Work is for working - Quality of life perks (like those from larger companies) that let you take a break from work isn't as good as just having a great work environment and work you truly enjoy
Zach: For me, it's the environment. We are all talented, respectful, easygoing friends... When you work with friends it doesn't feel like you are "working"... When we have to crunch, we are all capable, but we try and work at a steady pace so we never get burnt out. Working on the small games only enhances that because not only are you working with friends, you are working with friends on games you want
Ion: Yahoo! Amen!
Simon: Dude! How does he do that???
Ion laughs
Brian: Yeah, damnit Zach


So have you guys looked beyond Wik yet? What's next?

Ion: We've actually shipped two games since (Ricochet Lost Worlds: Recharged and Big Kahuna Reef) and we are working on two more right now
Simon: And a third is in early pre-production ;)
Ion: We are still keeping focus on what we like to make, but we still have to try and get a feel for what the market will bear...
Brian: Most times...
Ion: Our last game, Big Kahuna Reef, was a direct take on what we think the market would like. So far, we may be right. It is #1 on Real Networks, Big Fish Games, Gamehouse, and other smaller sites on the Net. Personally, I know we would like to follow Wik with other games of the same "gritty quality", but we will have to see what we can do, and what the market will bear
Brian: Following off of Ion's comment, I think our other games that are more easily classifiable in terms of genre, are an example of trying to take a game style that we don't necessarily enjoy and find a way to make them more interesting in our eyes
Simon: My impression currently is that we are working on some games that we hope will be commercial 'hits', but at the same time we love pushing the envelope to not only see what the market will bear but to also teach the market that not all downloadable games have to be match 3 puzzle based
Ion: Right. Expanding it is good to. Big Kahuna Reef also has a "Mouse Party™” option where up to 8 people can play at once. It is a riot!
Simon: MOUSE PARTY™ RULES!!!
Brian: I'm not a match 3 fan, but I love Big Kahuna, which was produced by James C Smith. (Mouse Party™ + difficulty and feedback are tuned so I feel I have more control)
Ion: Mouse Party™ is something that we are licensing to other companies (for free, by the way), so if you know of anyone interested...
Brian: Also, we have moved on to other games, but that doesn't mean we aren't still looking at supporting Wik. For instance, we just started hosting a "Wik Done Quick" pack, which is the fastest user-made solutions to Wik's challenge levels. If you are a really Wik-o-phile, it's something to check out, from the downloads at WikGame.com
Simon: I wanna tease, man!!! There are plans for another harder-edged game, but we'll have to see how that pans out...
Ion: Bad teaser! No biscuit!
Simon: D'ohh!


Well good luck guys, I'll see you on the Expo floor in March :)

Brian: Cool, I'm looking forward to it Drew
Ion: Thanks
Simon: See you there :)
Zach: Thanks :)





Comments

Note: Please offer only positive, constructive comments - we are looking to promote a positive atmosphere where collaboration is valued above all else.




PARTNERS