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SwapBuffers()


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#1 I_Smell_Tuna   Members   -  Reputation: 96

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Posted 13 November 2005 - 01:32 PM

Ok, I'm using Code::Blocks and I made a New Project, type OpenGL Application. There is a function named SwapBuffers() but it is not in the code and it isn't preceeded by 'gl' so I assume it's not in the gl.h file. Anyone know where this function is located? It wouldn't be included through Windows.h would it?
/**************************
 * Includes
 *
 **************************/

#include <windows.h>
#include <gl/gl.h>


/**************************
 * Function Declarations
 *
 **************************/

LRESULT CALLBACK WndProc (HWND hWnd, UINT message,
WPARAM wParam, LPARAM lParam);
void EnableOpenGL (HWND hWnd, HDC *hDC, HGLRC *hRC);
void DisableOpenGL (HWND hWnd, HDC hDC, HGLRC hRC);


/**************************
 * WinMain
 *
 **************************/

int WINAPI 
WinMain (HINSTANCE hInstance,
         HINSTANCE hPrevInstance,
         LPSTR lpCmdLine,
         int iCmdShow)
{
    WNDCLASS wc;
    HWND hWnd;
    HDC hDC;
    HGLRC hRC;        
    MSG msg;
    BOOL bQuit = FALSE;
    float theta = 0.0f;

    /* register window class */
    wc.style = CS_OWNDC;
    wc.lpfnWndProc = WndProc;
    wc.cbClsExtra = 0;
    wc.cbWndExtra = 0;
    wc.hInstance = hInstance;
    wc.hIcon = LoadIcon (NULL, IDI_APPLICATION);
    wc.hCursor = LoadCursor (NULL, IDC_ARROW);
    wc.hbrBackground = (HBRUSH) GetStockObject (BLACK_BRUSH);
    wc.lpszMenuName = NULL;
    wc.lpszClassName = "GLSample";
    RegisterClass (&wc);

    /* create main window */
    hWnd = CreateWindow (
      "GLSample", "OpenGL Sample", 
      WS_CAPTION | WS_POPUPWINDOW | WS_VISIBLE,
      0, 0, 256, 256,
      NULL, NULL, hInstance, NULL);

    /* enable OpenGL for the window */
    EnableOpenGL (hWnd, &hDC, &hRC);

    /* program main loop */
    while (!bQuit)
    {
        /* check for messages */
        if (PeekMessage (&msg, NULL, 0, 0, PM_REMOVE))
        {
            /* handle or dispatch messages */
            if (msg.message == WM_QUIT)
            {
                bQuit = TRUE;
            }
            else
            {
                TranslateMessage (&msg);
                DispatchMessage (&msg);
            }
        }
        else
        {
            /* OpenGL animation code goes here */

            glClearColor (0.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f);
            glClear (GL_COLOR_BUFFER_BIT);

            glPushMatrix ();
            glRotatef (theta, 0.0f, 0.0f, 1.0f);
            glBegin (GL_TRIANGLES);
            glColor3f (1.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f);   glVertex2f (0.0f, 1.0f);
            glColor3f (0.0f, 1.0f, 0.0f);   glVertex2f (0.87f, -0.5f);
            glColor3f (0.0f, 0.0f, 1.0f);   glVertex2f (-0.87f, -0.5f);
            glEnd ();
            glPopMatrix ();

            SwapBuffers (hDC);

            theta += 1.0f;
            Sleep (1);
        }
    }

    /* shutdown OpenGL */
    DisableOpenGL (hWnd, hDC, hRC);

    /* destroy the window explicitly */
    DestroyWindow (hWnd);

    return msg.wParam;
}


/********************
 * Window Procedure
 *
 ********************/

LRESULT CALLBACK 
WndProc (HWND hWnd, UINT message,
         WPARAM wParam, LPARAM lParam)
{

    switch (message)
    {
    case WM_CREATE:
        return 0;
    case WM_CLOSE:
        PostQuitMessage (0);
        return 0;

    case WM_DESTROY:
        return 0;

    case WM_KEYDOWN:
        switch (wParam)
        {
        case VK_ESCAPE:
            PostQuitMessage(0);
            return 0;
        }
        return 0;

    default:
        return DefWindowProc (hWnd, message, wParam, lParam);
    }
}


/*******************
 * Enable OpenGL
 *
 *******************/

void
EnableOpenGL (HWND hWnd, HDC *hDC, HGLRC *hRC)
{
    PIXELFORMATDESCRIPTOR pfd;
    int iFormat;

    /* get the device context (DC) */
    *hDC = GetDC (hWnd);

    /* set the pixel format for the DC */
    ZeroMemory (&pfd, sizeof (pfd));
    pfd.nSize = sizeof (pfd);
    pfd.nVersion = 1;
    pfd.dwFlags = PFD_DRAW_TO_WINDOW | 
      PFD_SUPPORT_OPENGL | PFD_DOUBLEBUFFER;
    pfd.iPixelType = PFD_TYPE_RGBA;
    pfd.cColorBits = 24;
    pfd.cDepthBits = 16;
    pfd.iLayerType = PFD_MAIN_PLANE;
    iFormat = ChoosePixelFormat (*hDC, &pfd);
    SetPixelFormat (*hDC, iFormat, &pfd);

    /* create and enable the render context (RC) */
    *hRC = wglCreateContext( *hDC );
    wglMakeCurrent( *hDC, *hRC );

}


/******************
 * Disable OpenGL
 *
 ******************/

void
DisableOpenGL (HWND hWnd, HDC hDC, HGLRC hRC)
{
    wglMakeCurrent (NULL, NULL);
    wglDeleteContext (hRC);
    ReleaseDC (hWnd, hDC);
}




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#2 Promit   Moderators   -  Reputation: 7622

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Posted 13 November 2005 - 01:41 PM

SwapBuffers is a Win32 function that comes from windows.h (specifically, wingdi.h). The actual implementation resides in opengl32.lib.
Quote:
From MSDN
The SwapBuffers function exchanges the front and back buffers if the current pixel format for the window referenced by the specified device context includes a back buffer.


#3 V-man   Members   -  Reputation: 805

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Posted 13 November 2005 - 05:41 PM

There is also wglSwapBuffers, but nobody uses this.
The question is, why did MS create SwapBuffers?

"The actual implementation resides in opengl32.lib"

Nope, it's in gdi32.dll
Maybe it calls wglSwapBuffers which is in opengl32.dll

#4 Promit   Moderators   -  Reputation: 7622

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Posted 13 November 2005 - 07:01 PM

Quote:
Original post by V-man
Nope, it's in gdi32.dll
Maybe it calls wglSwapBuffers which is in opengl32.dll

Well the MSDN page claims it's in opengl32.lib. Whatever.




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