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[slimDX] textures on the simpletriangle

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#1 georges123   Members   -  Reputation: 100


Posted 02 January 2011 - 09:20 AM

i have been working with slimdx (direct3d11) for 2-3 months now.
i started programming about 1.5years ago, the only langue i know is c#.

thats why i chose for slimdx when i started working on my game, i have been able
to make basic triangles, squares, qube's, etc. implement rotation(on the cpu) and i made a basic game world in which i can move around.

uptil now i have used shader only to return a color, colering my world by giving each polygon another colered shader, but now i would like to use textures(image .bmp or .jpg or something like that) instead of colors for my polygons.

so my question is how do i get to use a image instead of a color to be drawn as my polygon?

i have been searching for 3days and so far i havent found any helpfull tuturial about the subject for slimdx, i have found a dx11 tuturial to place a texture on a cube. (http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ff729724(VS.85).aspx)
and i have been trying to use it to put a texture on the simpletriangle slimdx tutorial, but the only thing i get are erors or just a plain blue background.
this i probably due to the fact that i dont understand c++ or hlsl.

so if anyone has/knows some working code/ tuturial to put a texture on a square, triangle or cube , i would realy apriciate that.

the thing i'm currently stuck on is this :

from the msdn dx11 tutrial mentioned above :

c++ code (i assume)

g_pImmediateContext->PSSetShaderResources( 0, 1, &g_pTextureRV );
g_pImmediateContext->PSSetSamplers( 0, 1, &g_pSamplerLinear );

hlsl code (i assume)
// Pixel Shader
float4 PS( PS_INPUT input) : SV_Target
return txDiffuse.Sample( samLinear, input.Tex ) * vMeshColor;
// Vertex Shader
PS_INPUT output = (PS_INPUT)0;
output.Pos = mul( input.Pos, World );
output.Pos = mul( output.Pos, View );
output.Pos = mul( output.Pos, Projection );
output.Tex = input.Tex;

return output;

i tryed transelating this code to slim dx and i seem to be able to work around most errors i get but i keep getting a txDiffuse doesent exist exeption.

exept for here (txDiffuse is the object storing our texture that we passed in from the code above, when we bound the resource view g_pTextureRV to it.)
the name txdiffuse isent mentioned any where else in the tuturial, leading me to assume that its not a varable but some kind of a keyword that exists in directx but not in slim dx.(i could be totaly rong here no clue how hlsl works just speculation.)

the g_pTextureRV thats mentioned in the "explenation" of the txdiffuse thingie,
is set here: g_pImmediateContext->PSSetShaderResources( 0, 1, &g_pTextureRV );
which i assume corresponds to this : device.ImmediateContext.PixelShader.SetShaderResource(resourceView, 0);
in slimdx but there doesent seem a way for me to pas g_pTextureRV there, this leaves me a bit confused.

i would apreciate it if anyone could offer me some help whit this problem.


#2 STufaro   Members   -  Reputation: 183


Posted 02 January 2011 - 12:54 PM

Your HLSL shader that you posted -- is that the complete shader? You never defined "txDiffuse," so it'll tell you that it doesn't exist when it tries to compile the shader.

You're going to want to take a look at Riemer's XNA or Managed DirectX tutorials for this problem; it's explained nicely.

This has exactly what you're looking for:

The basics as I understand them in DirectX 9 are this: You need to set up a shader with a texture sampler (tells the graphics card how to pick/generate pixels from the texture). You then set the texture in the shader in your C++ program, and the sampler figures out how to color the pixels from the texture you fed it and your pixel shader code. I don't know if it's exactly the same for Direct3D 11, but something tells me the HLSL interaction part should be similar.

- Steve.

#3 georges123   Members   -  Reputation: 100


Posted 04 January 2011 - 12:05 PM

i finally got a texture to be painted(on a square)

the tutorial you linked to was indeed very helpfull, it gave me a better insight in how shaders function, so tank you for that.

but there seems to be some difference between xna dx9 and slimdx 11 so i still had to do a lot of puzzeling to get the syntax right.

so i'm gonna leave my working code here so the next person whith a problem like this may find it usefull.

its not realy the nicest code and i dont know if its the best (or even the right) way to do it but i got a picture to show up on the screen so for what its worth :

using System.Windows.Forms;
using SlimDX;
using SlimDX.D3DCompiler;
using SlimDX.Direct3D11;
using SlimDX.DXGI;
using SlimDX.Windows;
using Device = SlimDX.Direct3D11.Device;
using Resource = SlimDX.Direct3D11.Resource;

namespace SimpleTriangle
static class Program
static void Main()
Device device;
SwapChain swapChain;
ShaderSignature inputSignature;
VertexShader vertexShader;
PixelShader pixelShader;

var form = new RenderForm("Tutorial 3: Simple Triangle");
var description = new SwapChainDescription()
BufferCount = 2,
Usage = Usage.RenderTargetOutput,
OutputHandle = form.Handle,
IsWindowed = true,
ModeDescription = new ModeDescription(0, 0, new Rational(60, 1), Format.R8G8B8A8_UNorm),
SampleDescription = new SampleDescription(1, 0),
Flags = SwapChainFlags.AllowModeSwitch,
SwapEffect = SwapEffect.Discard

Device.CreateWithSwapChain(DriverType.Hardware, DeviceCreationFlags.None, description, out device, out swapChain);

// create a view of our render target, which is the backbuffer of the swap chain we just created
RenderTargetView renderTarget;
using (var resource = Resource.FromSwapChain<Texture2D>(swapChain, 0))
renderTarget = new RenderTargetView(device, resource);

// setting a viewport is required if you want to actually see anything
var context = device.ImmediateContext;
var viewport = new Viewport(0.0f, 0.0f, form.ClientSize.Width, form.ClientSize.Height);
ShaderBytecode effectByteCode = ShaderBytecode.CompileFromFile("effect.fx", "Render", "fx_5_0", /*"vs_4_0_level_9_1", */ShaderFlags.None, EffectFlags.None);
Effect effect = new Effect(device,effectByteCode);

SamplerDescription a = new SamplerDescription();
a.AddressU = TextureAddressMode.Wrap;
a.AddressV = TextureAddressMode.Wrap;
a.AddressW = TextureAddressMode.Wrap;

a.Filter = Filter.MinPointMagMipLinear;

SamplerState b = SamplerState.FromDescription(device, a);

Texture2D flower = Texture2D.FromFile(device, "rainbow.bmp");

ShaderResourceView resourceView = new ShaderResourceView(device, flower);
device.ImmediateContext.PixelShader.SetShaderResource(resourceView, 0);

effect.GetVariableByName("TextureSampler").AsSampler().SetSamplerState(0, b);

context.PixelShader.SetShaderResource(resourceView, 0);

using (var bytecode = ShaderBytecode.CompileFromFile("effect.fx", "vs_main", "vs_4_0", ShaderFlags.None, EffectFlags.None))
inputSignature = ShaderSignature.GetInputSignature(bytecode);
vertexShader = new VertexShader(device, bytecode);

using (var bytecode = ShaderBytecode.CompileFromFile("effect.fx", "ps_main", "ps_5_0", ShaderFlags.None, EffectFlags.None))
pixelShader = new PixelShader(device, bytecode);

var vertices = new DataStream(20 * 4, true, true);

vertices.Write(new Vector3(-0.5f, -0.5f, 0.5f));vertices.Write(new Vector2(1f, 1f));
vertices.Write(new Vector3(-0.5f, 0.5f, 0.5f)); vertices.Write(new Vector2(0f, 1f));
vertices.Write(new Vector3(0.5f, -0.5f, 0.5f)); vertices.Write(new Vector2(1f, 0f));
vertices.Write(new Vector3(0.5f, 0.5f, 0.5f)); vertices.Write(new Vector2(0f, 0f));

vertices.Position = 0;

var elements = new[] { new InputElement("POSITION", 0, Format.R32G32B32_Float, 0), new InputElement("textcoord", 0, Format.R32G32_Float, 12, 0) };
var layout = new InputLayout(device, inputSignature, elements);
var vertexBuffer = new Buffer(device, vertices,20 * 4, ResourceUsage.Default, BindFlags.VertexBuffer, CpuAccessFlags.None, ResourceOptionFlags.None, 0);

context.InputAssembler.InputLayout = layout;
context.InputAssembler.PrimitiveTopology = PrimitiveTopology.TriangleStrip;
context.InputAssembler.SetVertexBuffers(0, new VertexBufferBinding(vertexBuffer,20, 0));


MessagePump.Run(form, () =>

context.ClearRenderTargetView(renderTarget, new Color4(0.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f));

context.Draw(4, 0);
swapChain.Present(0, PresentFlags.None);


fx file :

Texture2D <float4> xTexture;
sampler TextureSampler;

struct VS_IN
float4 pos : POSITION;
float2 cords :textcoord;

struct PS_IN
float4 pos : SV_POSITION;
float2 cords :textcoord;

PS_IN vs_main(VS_IN input)
PS_IN output = (PS_IN)0;
output.pos = input.pos;
output.cords =input.cords;
return output;

float4 ps_main(PS_IN input) : SV_Target
float2 temp;
temp = float2(input.cords[0],input.cords[1]);

return xTexture.Sample(TextureSampler,temp );

#4 Xyno   Members   -  Reputation: 100


Posted 10 September 2011 - 08:09 AM

Thx for the snippet georges123,

It was usefull for me, the effect part was missing in my code.

Cheers and GL for your game, we all share the same passion :)


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