There will always be some form of distortion with a perspective plane projection, no matter what field of view you use. Higher fields of view will lead to extreme distortion at edges, and smaller fields of view will lead to loss of depth. Are you sure you are using the

factor correctly? In my raytracer, at a field of view of 45 degrees the distortion is not very noticeable except if I had tiny spheres at the edges, and quite acceptable, of course it depends on your standards.

Other solutions involve projecting the scene on a section of a sphere, which eliminate distortion but introduce other artifacts such as straight lines being projected curved and aren't as easy to compute... there is no perfect projection as you necessarily throw away information from a three-dimensional world to a two-dimensional plane.

The slowsort algorithm is a perfect illustration of the multiply and surrender paradigm, which is perhaps the single most important paradigm in the development of reluctant algorithms. The basic multiply and surrender strategy consists in replacing the problem at hand by two or more subproblems, each slightly simpler than the original, and continue multiplying subproblems and subsubproblems recursively in this fashion as long as possible. At some point the subproblems will all become so simple that their solution can no longer be postponed, and we will have to surrender. Experience shows that, in most cases, by the time this point is reached the total work will be substantially higher than what could have been wasted by a more direct approach.

- *Pessimal Algorithms and Simplexity Analysis*