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## Detect non-uniform scaling in matrix

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### #1Ed Welch  Members

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Posted 12 January 2013 - 09:45 AM

Does anyone know of a fast way to tell if a matrix has non-uniform scaling?

### #2Buckshag  Members

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Posted 12 January 2013 - 11:46 AM

You can probably get the length of the basis vectors of the matrix (for example the length of the first, second and third row). This gives you the x, y and z scale. If they are not equal to each other there is non-uniform scaling.

Not sure if this is the best/safest or fastest method though, but it is definitely faster than doing full polar/spectral decomposition.

Edited by Buckshag, 12 January 2013 - 11:48 AM.

### #3Álvaro  Members

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Posted 12 January 2013 - 01:20 PM

If a matrix is the composition of a rotation and a uniform scaling, its three columns should be orthogonal to each other and have the same length.

### #4Ed Welch  Members

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Posted 13 January 2013 - 04:30 AM

Thanks for the answer. This is the formula I came up with finally:

// note: this is opengl type matrix
bool Matrix::IsUnformScaling() const
{
const float THRESHOLD = 0.01f;
float xLen = m[0]*m[0] + m[1]*m[1] + m[2]*m[2];
float yLen = m[4]*m[4] + m[5]*m[5] + m[6]*m[6];
float zLen = m[8]*m[8] + m[9]*m[9] + m[10]*m[10];
return fabsf(xLen - yLen) < xLen*THRESHOLD && fabsf(xLen - zLen) < xLen*THRESHOLD;
}


I tested it and it seems to work ;)

### #5Álvaro  Members

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Posted 13 January 2013 - 01:01 PM

I can construct a matrix that has non-uniform scaling in it and passes your test, though...

EDIT: More explicitly,
  m[0] = 0.8; m[1] = 0.6; m[2] = 0.0;
m[4] = 0.6; m[5] = 0.8; m[6] = 0.0;
m[8] = 0.0; m[9] = 0.0; m[10] = 1.0;



Edited by Álvaro, 13 January 2013 - 01:07 PM.

### #6Ed Welch  Members

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Posted 13 January 2013 - 02:24 PM

I can construct a matrix that has non-uniform scaling in it and passes your test, though...

EDIT: More explicitly,

  m[0] = 0.8; m[1] = 0.6; m[2] = 0.0;
m[4] = 0.6; m[5] = 0.8; m[6] = 0.0;
m[8] = 0.0; m[9] = 0.0; m[10] = 1.0;



do you have a solution perchance?

### #7Álvaro  Members

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Posted 13 January 2013 - 07:57 PM

I posted that already, although perhaps my description was too succinct. You also need to verify that those three vectors are orthogonal to each other (check all three pairs).
bool are_orthogonal(Vector3 v, Vector3 w) {
static float const tolerance = 1e-6;
float dp = dot_product(v,w);
return dp * dp < dot_product(v,v) * dot_product(w,w) * tolerance;
}


EDIT: To be complete, you should also verify that the transformation preserves orientation (its determinant is positive).

Edited by Álvaro, 13 January 2013 - 07:58 PM.

### #8Ed Welch  Members

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Posted 14 January 2013 - 12:37 PM

Ok. I tried that out and it seems to work well.

Thanks for your help Alvaro ;)

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