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Efficient Way To Detect Vision


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#1 Medo3337   Members   -  Reputation: 680

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Posted 16 January 2013 - 02:44 PM

In FPS game, I'm trying to make the enemies detect vision on the player.

 

What is the best way to detect vision by a character using ray-casting?



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#2 Adam_42   Crossbones+   -  Reputation: 2616

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Posted 16 January 2013 - 04:58 PM

Here's some ideas:

 

1. First check to see if the player is within the cone of vision from the enemy (i.e. is the player close enough and in front). If not then there's no need for a ray cast.

 

2. All ray casts should probably start from the enemies eye. It's the target on the player that's harder to choose.

 

3. To minimize the number of ray casts one option is to remember what happened last time you did a ray cast. If the ray cast hit the player then repeat a ray cast to the same target next time. If not then cycle through targets like head, hands, feet, torso, weapon, etc. A few frames of latency for detection of a partly obscured target shouldn't be an issue, you'll probably want to add some artificial latency anyway to simulate the reaction time of a human.

 

4. You may want to let enemies that are actively attacking the player do more ray casts than others.



#3 Postie   Members   -  Reputation: 1116

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Posted 17 January 2013 - 12:51 AM

2. All ray casts should probably start from the enemies eye. It's the target on the player that's harder to choose.

 

I remember reading a post from the Wolfire guys, and they solved this by picking a different random point on the player's mesh every time the test is performed.


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#4 Medo3337   Members   -  Reputation: 680

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Posted 17 January 2013 - 12:57 AM

Hi Adam,

 

Can I create a cone shape starting from the enemy eyes to detect collision and once the collision is detected I do raycasting from the enemy eyes towards the player to check if the enemy got direct sight on the player?



#5 TiagoCosta   Crossbones+   -  Reputation: 2436

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Posted 17 January 2013 - 05:25 AM

Can I create a cone shape starting from the enemy eyes to detect collision and once the collision is detected I do raycasting from the enemy eyes towards the player to check if the enemy got direct sight on the player?

Simple math can probably be enough to do the vision cone check.
 

int fastVisibilityCheck(float4 playerPos, float4 enemyPos, float4 enemyLookDir,
                        float maxViewDistance, float cosHalfMaxAngle)
{
     //Vector from enemyPos to playerPos
     float4 view = playerPos-enemyPos;
     float distance = sqrt(view.x^2 + view.y^2 + view.z^2);

     if(distance > maxViewDistance)
          return 0; //not visible

     view = normalize(view);
    
     //cosine of the angle between the view vector and the direction the enemy is looking
     float cosAngle = enemyLookDir dot view;

     //check if player is inside the cone
     if(cosAngle < cosMaxAngle)
          return 0; //not visible

     return 1; //visible
}

 

Use the previous function like this:

for(int i = 0; i < enemies.size(); i++)
{
     if(fastVisibilityCheck(player.pos, enemies[i].pos, enemies[i].lookDir, enemies[i].maxViewD, cos(enemies[i].fieldOfView/2)))
     {
          //use raycasting to check if enemy can really see the player
     }
}

 

 


Edited by TiagoCosta, 17 January 2013 - 11:38 AM.


#6 Medo3337   Members   -  Reputation: 680

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Posted 17 January 2013 - 11:11 AM

@TiagoCosta: Need a little bit of more clarification.

 

playerPos is the beginning of the cone (enemy eyes position)? Is that true?

someNumber is how far the enemy can see.

someOtherNumber: How do I get this value?



#7 TiagoCosta   Crossbones+   -  Reputation: 2436

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Posted 17 January 2013 - 11:24 AM

@TiagoCosta: Need a little bit of more clarification.

playerPos is the beginning of the cone (enemy eyes position)? Is that true?
someNumber is how far the enemy can see.
someOtherNumber: How do I get this value?
Sorry I didn't had time to comment the code before.

I updated the code in my last post... should be easier to understand.

Edited by TiagoCosta, 17 January 2013 - 11:34 AM.


#8 Medo3337   Members   -  Reputation: 680

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Posted 18 January 2013 - 05:25 PM

How do I calculate enemyLookDir  from the rotation? I mean the enemy look direction depends on its own rotation.

 

Another thing is: Does this work well without performance issues? I have to iterate through all the models to check for vision on every one, in performance manner, is that way better or using a cone shape and detecting collision?

 

Enemy1 -> iterate through all the models every frame to detect vision

Enemy2 -> iterate through all the models every frame to detect vision

Enemy3 -> iterate through all the models every frame to detect vision

......

Enemy100 -> iterate through all the models every frame to detect vision

Etc...






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