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SFML - Acceleration in Space?


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#1 Carlows   Members   -  Reputation: 141

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Posted 28 June 2013 - 10:36 PM

Yeap, me again, lol. The thing is, I'm trying to give my ship an acceleration as if it were moving in space (zero gravity), if a press the Up arrow key, the ship increases its acceleration, change its direction (to the mouse vector), and so forth. There's the code I already have:

sf::Vector2f Nave::getDirection(sf::Vector2f mousePOS, sf::Vector2f playerPOS, float acceleration, sf::Time& delta)
{
    sf::Vector2f direction = mousePOS - playerPOS;

	direction = direction / sqrt(direction .x * direction .x + direction .y * direction .y) * aceleration;

    return direcion;
}

void Nave::update(sf::Time& delta, sf::Vector2f mousePOS)
{	
	...	

	if (sf::Keyboard::isKeyPressed(sf::Keyboard::Up))
	{
		acceleration += 0.1f;
		shipDir = getDirection( mousePOS, shipSprite.getPosition(), aceleration, delta );
	}
	if (sf::Keyboard::isKeyPressed(sf::Keyboard::Down))
	{
		acceleration -= 0.1f;
	}

	if( acceleration > 5.0f )
		acceleration = 5.0f;
	else if( acceleration < 0.0f )
		acceleration = 0.0f;

	shipSprite.move( shipDir.x, shipDir.y );
        shipSprite.setAngle(angle);

        ...

}

float Nave::Angle( sf::Vector2f playerPOS, sf::Vector2f mousePOS )
{
	float angle = atan2(mousePOS.y - playerPOS.y, mousePOS.x - playerPOS.x );
	angle = angle * (180/PI);

	if(angle < 0)
    {
            angle = 360 - (-angle);
    }

	return angle;
}

Of course there's an obvious problem, first, the deceleration, but most important, when I press the Up arrow again, the new vector direction totally f**ks the last direction, there's a video showing the problem:

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UotjvLV2sbs&feature=youtu.be

 

Since I didn't find solution just looking at google (my poor English makes it harder, I think there aren't too much good gaming forums on Spanish), I'm looking for some help (duh).

 

Edit1:

 

there's a really explicit example of what i'm looking for:

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZnaYQB0e0Mc&feature=youtu.be


Edited by Carlows, 29 June 2013 - 10:56 AM.


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#2 Camilo   Members   -  Reputation: 189

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Posted 29 June 2013 - 01:28 AM

I would just keep one vector for the speed, then add the normalized mouse direction vector to it:

Vector2f position;
Vector2f speed;

void Nave::update(sf::Time& delta, sf::Vector2f mousePOS)
{
   float mouseMagnitude = sqrt(mousePOS.x * mousePOS.x + mousePOS.y * mousePOS.y)
   mousePOS = mousePOS / mouseMagnitude;  // probably need to divide this by some constant, too.
   speed += mousePOS;
   position += speed; // * delta if this is not called at regular intervals
}


#3 stitchs   Crossbones+   -  Reputation: 1293

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Posted 29 June 2013 - 03:57 AM

On a side-note; can I ask, where do you declare the variable 'aceleration'? There is also another variable 'acceleration' and these seem to be interchanged within the function, and its first usage. Is this just a typo? Or are you making use of the wrong variable at the wrong time?



#4 Carlows   Members   -  Reputation: 141

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Posted 29 June 2013 - 07:11 AM

On a side-note; can I ask, where do you declare the variable 'aceleration'? There is also another variable 'acceleration' and these seem to be interchanged within the function, and its first usage. Is this just a typo? Or are you making use of the wrong variable at the wrong time?

 

Lol, that was my error traducing the code to English huh.png



#5 Carlows   Members   -  Reputation: 141

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Posted 29 June 2013 - 09:44 AM

 

I would just keep one vector for the speed, then add the normalized mouse direction vector to it:

Vector2f position;
Vector2f speed;

void Nave::update(sf::Time& delta, sf::Vector2f mousePOS)
{
   float mouseMagnitude = sqrt(mousePOS.x * mousePOS.x + mousePOS.y * mousePOS.y)
   mousePOS = mousePOS / mouseMagnitude;  // probably need to divide this by some constant, too.
   speed += mousePOS;
   position += speed; // * delta if this is not called at regular intervals
}

 

I think that doesn't change anything on the behavior...



#6 Camilo   Members   -  Reputation: 189

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Posted 30 June 2013 - 12:46 AM

 

 

I would just keep one vector for the speed, then add the normalized mouse direction vector to it:

Vector2f position;
Vector2f speed;

void Nave::update(sf::Time& delta, sf::Vector2f mousePOS)
{
   float mouseMagnitude = sqrt(mousePOS.x * mousePOS.x + mousePOS.y * mousePOS.y)
   mousePOS = mousePOS / mouseMagnitude;  // probably need to divide this by some constant, too.
   speed += mousePOS;
   position += speed; // * delta if this is not called at regular intervals
}

 

I think that doesn't change anything on the behavior...

 

 

I think it does: I am treating the speed as a vector, while your "acceleration" (actually speed, I think) is a scalar.



#7 Carlows   Members   -  Reputation: 141

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Posted 30 June 2013 - 11:37 AM

 

 

 

I would just keep one vector for the speed, then add the normalized mouse direction vector to it:

Vector2f position;
Vector2f speed;

void Nave::update(sf::Time& delta, sf::Vector2f mousePOS)
{
   float mouseMagnitude = sqrt(mousePOS.x * mousePOS.x + mousePOS.y * mousePOS.y)
   mousePOS = mousePOS / mouseMagnitude;  // probably need to divide this by some constant, too.
   speed += mousePOS;
   position += speed; // * delta if this is not called at regular intervals
}

 

I think that doesn't change anything on the behavior...

 

 

I think it does: I am treating the speed as a vector, while your "acceleration" (actually speed, I think) is a scalar.

 

 

You were right, my fault. Thanks!


Edited by Carlows, 30 June 2013 - 11:37 AM.





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