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# Level Generation

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### #1markypooch  Members   -  Reputation: 538

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Posted 15 September 2013 - 08:47 PM

Hello all,

In my recent tech demos I have been employing a rather simplistic method of level generation. I would simply make an array and loop through it and if the current element of the array is equivalent to a certain number then I would draw a certain part of the level. Thanks to this method I have been able to make some cool tech demos and it was shown to me from a friend.

Like so:

BYTE Level[25] = {0, 0, 1, 0, 0,

0, 0, 1, 0, 0,

0, 0, 1, 0, 0,

0, 0, 1, 0, 0,

0, 0, 1, 0, 0};

Let's say 1 means I draw a portion of the floor. Well I would end up with a nice pathway in the backbuffer with the current array and a associated texture.

Some of you or maybe all of will probably be familiar with this simple method of level generation. However, what other non-random (or random I guess) methods of level generation should I aim to tackle that will be more dynamic? Any answer would be appreciated.

-Marcus Hansen

### #2Krohm  Crossbones+   -  Reputation: 3749

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Posted 16 September 2013 - 12:15 AM

If you want to stay in the realm of aligned content then this is pretty much it. You got a matrix/array and somehow fill it with values.

Doing continuous content generation is pretty much more complex and I'm not even sure it buys much, many games naturally fit in a "tiled" world.

For a start however, I'd consider the idea of not using BYTE, but rather use a more involved data type allowing for more modification.

How are you using those numbers right now?

I hope you're not doing things like:

if(level[idx] == 1) {
DrawFloorTile(...);
}


so you could elaborate on the meanings of those numbers. I do something similar myself with pooling resources, in your context it would look like

for each tile
DrawTile(model, GetWorldPosition(idx));
}


This allows you to move to a more data-oriented design were you don't need to keep magic numbers in mind.

### #3markypooch  Members   -  Reputation: 538

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Posted 16 September 2013 - 06:03 AM

Thanks for responding!

The first example is indeed how I have been doing it.

Yes it is quite cumbersome to remember the meaning of a number in the array

if I were to leave the code alone for longer then a couple days.

You answered my question quite well. I have heard from a friend though that one could use a bitmap image

for level generation. Basically load the image into your code and depending on what value lies at each byte draw a certain level segment.

Of course that is merely an extension of the method of level generation provided above.

But back to the data oriented design, I find your second example quite interesting.

As to not get to far off track from my original question, why is the data oriented design better then the

first code example. I'm not questioning it's actual purpose or efficiency. I have just heard the name "data oriented design" before

and would like to know what that is. You don't have to give me a full blown explanation tailored to me. I take links

-Marcus Hansen

### #4Krohm  Crossbones+   -  Reputation: 3749

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Posted 16 September 2013 - 07:37 AM

As to not get to far off track from my original question, why is the data oriented design better then the
first code example. I'm not questioning it's actual purpose or efficiency. I have just heard the name "data oriented design" before
and would like to know what that is. You don't have to give me a full blown explanation tailored to me. I take links
It's more or less like equations, where we write x + 7 instead of two numbers. This does not come easily as we have to write stuff that adapts to every (meaningful!) configuration for us, thinking in advice what we need. Of course if I tell you what amounts to x + 7 you cannot give me an answer and similarly in code we cannot get a solution... but we have to write code which somehow outputs the correct solution for us every time. We do that by exploiting properties the data is guaranteed to have and to define those properties we need to define the problem.

So for example in a tiled world we might be interested in knowing, for each cell in the world (not each tile):

1. how it look?
2. is it passable?
3. if passable, sound of footsteps
4. if passable, deals damage?

So we might want for example to make a specific cell passable even though it typically isn't, because that's a classic for hiding secret goodies: going through a nonsolid wall. In general we have to decide which property is part of the world cell and which is part of the tile itself.

Instead of defining properties in code we define them in the data itself.

Let's assume for easy explanation we load each tile graphics from a file. Then the actual tile graphics data is not really relevant: we just have to load it up completely, pack it in a texture and draw a quad measuring - say - 2x2 world units.

But now I'd stop there and let you figure out what you need to pack in your world.

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