Part of the issue is I'm unclear whether the last word has 3 repeats of the same character or if one of them is slightly different, meaning a different symbol altogether.
Yes, I agree that that was confusing. It's two separate characters.
That was actually enough for me to be unable to complete the puzzle altogether.
Thanks for confirming these are different, it does change a lot ;)
I had originally started with some of the smaller words, but cross-referenced this particular area looking for "what two letters in english can there really be" and that put me off trail...
Of course, I didn't use the OP's tool for solving this, I used another visual representation solver, but the erroneous assumption made it impossible to solve.