Don't assume that VS is broken and needs patching - it's most likely your code and/or project settings. Why are you running it under a command shell? You'll need to post some code so that people can see what you're doing and comment further.
I'm using Frank Luna's directx11 sample: http://www.d3dcoder.net/d3d11.html
Pretty much all of them give me this error,I'm trying to compile the GeometryShader example right now in Part1.