All right, lets see...
You cannot do procedural programming in Java
You can't do it in C# either yet you use it as an example.
Writing a simple 'Hello World' program in Java isn't contrived OOP as an exercise, its contrived OOP because that's what the language demands.
Yes, thats true because it isn't a language designed to make "Hello world" programs. If all you want is to write short "Hello world" programs I'd recommend something else, like just make an HTML label tag and open it with a browser.
We can agree though, that most early programming habits anyone picks up in any language are best to hit the dustbin sooner than later. Rarely are first habits good habits.Of course.
IMO, C# did a much better job achieving Java's technical goals, and was better for throwing off as much dogma as it could.
Have you ever developed an application in .NET? Language is fine, (and practically Java in PascalCase 90% of the time regardless of what most C# purists say) but the ecosystem is centered around Bill Gates butt. I dont even know how could you paint it as the "least dogmatic" of the two.
Yeah, its the "least dogmatic" if you already use Visual Studio all day and deploy to a Windows Server computer every day, and only do fat destkop clients for Windows 7+ in WPF. As soon as you get out of that tiny cage you're thrown to the wolves. GUI solutions for other platforms are broken. Web solutions for other platforms are either broken (Xamarin) or in alpha stage (.NET Core). Nevermind finding tools to help you out in that endeavor because there is like only one half assed IDE out there that manages to understand C# and Linux/OSX at the same time.
Yeah C/C++ are not very dogmatic, but people are constantly trying to replace them with more dogmatic equivalents (Rust, Go among others), and C# is Microsoft's eco system baby and barely knows how to crawl anywhere else, nevermind the fact that C# 7 stuff and above are very, very close into making it a kitchen sink of features like C++ is.
I'm just not seeing your counter examples at all man.