Thanks for all the input and contribution to my problem guys!
The problem ended up being that none of the builds were compatible with my compiler. I needed to download a Nightly Build. I simply replaced the contents of the Nightly SFML with the ones in the current directory, rebuilt my C++ file and everything is working now.
My circle is on screen and I'm ready to sell it to Microsoft for a mere $120,000,000 and the rights to Halo.