It's actually quite simple to understand if you think of it this way to retrieve a viewspace coordinate.
- the screen coordinate comes in as 0 to 1 in x and y
- you remap that to -1 to 1 like so.... screencoord.xy * 2 - 1 (migth have to flip the sign of the results depending on API)
- you now have an xy value you can picture as laying on the near plane of your camera....so the z coordinate of the vector is whatever your near plane value is.
- you now have to figure out how to scale the -1 to 1 xy values properly to represent the dimensions of the near plane "quad" in view space... this is easy
- you just use some trig to figure out the width and height of the "quad" at the near plane.... basically it's .... tan(FOV * 0.5) * near
- also you'll have to multiply that by the aspect ratio for x probably.
- now after you do all this you will have calculated a vector from the eye to the near plane.
- you just have to now scale this vector by whatever the depth of that pixel is..... you'll have to account for the ratio of how close your near plane is
basically that's how you think of it... if you draw some pictures you should be able to get it..
in order to recover in another space... it's basically the same... but you move along the axis directions in x/y/z then add the eye position.
You may find this recent series of devblog's by Casey Muratori interesting. He goes into detail about his grass planting system. Less about the rendering side of things and more about proper placement of the ground cover itself to get the best coverage with the least amount of geometry. I don't think he goes into anything about LOD.. but it does get you thinking about how to provide the best coverage.
Starts in "Working On The Witness, Part 5" and continues on through his reasoning into part 8 where he has some code for optimal placement.
Hey there. This came out a week ago.. May be of interest to you. There's some good videos on the site so you can see if the effect is to your liking before even reading the paper. It's essentially a ray marching post process. I believe he's working on a demo to come as well which will be nice.