I think you might be a bit to concentrated on the term 'Lagrange Multiplier'. The important part here is that you know the direction of the constraint force is the gradient of the constraint function and you only need to find a scalar multiplier to determine the constraint force. The reason for this is that constraint forces doesn't do work. IIRC you can show this using virtual displacements. Maybe concentrate a bit more on the physical meaning rather than trying to be overly mathematical abstract.
Thanks! I am glad you found it useful!