Jump to content
  • Advertisement
  • Game Developer Survey


    We are looking for qualified game developers to participate in a 10-minute online survey. Qualified participants will be offered a $15 incentive for your time and insights. Click here to start!

    Take me to the survey!

  • Advertisement
  • Latest Featured Articles

  • Featured Blogs

  • Advertisement
  • Popular Now

  • Similar Content

    • By OrangyTang
      Hello! I'm in the middle of a procedural texture system (for things like lightmaps, splatoon-style decal painting etc.) and I have an annoying artefact I don't seem to be able to get rid of.
      I've been working through this ( https://www.flipcode.com/archives/Lightmap_Storage.shtml ) method of generating atlas uvs, which mostly works pretty well (here on a capsule):

      But under closer inspection has artefacts around the places where the charts meet:

      Since this method of uv generation splits tris into charts based on  primary axis, this is where the charts join up. I've drawn out roughly the edges of the three visible charts and you can see how it lines up:

      I've got the texture filtering set to 'point' for debugging.
      So from what I can see the uvs are correct and the texel edges are all aligned correctly, it's just that the fringe texels from one atlas don't match their counterpart texels in the other charts. I'm calling these 'twinned' texels - they exist twice (or more) in the atlas texture, but to eliminate these artifacts they should be identical colours.

      To populate the texture I've got an unwrapped version of the mesh (which basically swaps vertex positions with uvs) which can be rendered into the texture directly. My thinking was that if I divide the world into a 3d grid and have the shader's output colour *only* dependant on the grid position (not the actual fragment world position) then these 'twinned' texels would evaluate to the same colour in all instances, even though it was being generated by different  geometry. Although clearly something's not working.
      Atlas rendering shader code:
      Shader "Unlit/Atlas" { Properties { _MainTex ("Texture", 2D) = "white" {} _VoxelSize("Voxel Size", Float) = 1.0 _ColourScale("Colour Scale", Float) = 0.1 _ColourOffset("Colour Offset", Vector) = (0,0,0,0) } SubShader { Tags { "RenderType"="Opaque" } Cull Off ZWrite Off ZTest Off LOD 100 Pass { CGPROGRAM #pragma vertex vert #pragma fragment frag #include "UnityCG.cginc" struct appdata { float4 vertex : POSITION; float2 uv0 : TEXCOORD0; float2 uv1 : TEXCOORD1; }; struct v2f { float2 uv0 : TEXCOORD0; float2 uv1 : TEXCOORD1; float2 atlasCoord : TEXCOORD2; float4 vertex : SV_POSITION; }; sampler2D _MainTex; float4 _MainTex_ST; float _VoxelSize; float _ColourScale; float4 _ColourOffset; v2f vert (appdata v) { v2f o; o.vertex = UnityObjectToClipPos(v.vertex); o.uv0 = v.uv0; o.uv1 = v.uv1; o.atlasCoord = v.vertex.xy; return o; } fixed4 frag (v2f i) : SV_Target { fixed4 col = fixed4(0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 1.0); // Extract model's world space coord from two uv channels float3 worldCoord = float3(i.uv0.xy, i.uv1.x); // World coords (in meters) // Snap from world space to containing voxel coord float3 voxelCoord = floor(floor(worldCoord / _VoxelSize)); // Voxel coords (integer values) // Convert voxel xyz into colour range col.xyz = frac((voxelCoord * _ColourScale) + _ColourOffset.xyz); return col; } ENDCG } } } One thing I'm not sure of the proper solution to is making sure all the atlas  texels actually get rendered to. If I just draw the unwrapped tris directly then they don't always touch all the texels they need to around the edges:

      So I'm manually extending the edges of the charts with additional fins to make sure these are filled in:

      This seems more accurate than just running a 2d dilate operation (since it should go through the deterministic grid method) but maybe I'm missing something. Has anyone any ideas where these artefacts might be coming from and how to make sure these 'twinned' texels are rendered out correctly? Even if I wanted to fudge it in a post-process, I'm drawing a blank as to how to actually figure out which texels would need to be processed this way. 
    • By vinibiavatti
      Hi there! I have one issue for now. I'm creating a RayCasting application, and for my floor and ceiling I'm trying to use Mode7 for rendering (I think this is easier to understand). but, I cant align the RayCasting walls with the mode7 floor. I use a rotate matrix to make the rotation of floor. Do you know what a need to think in the implementation to fix that? Or do you know if there is some tutorial explaining about it? Thanks!!! (Check the image below for understand)

      Here is my mode7 code:
      function mode7() { let _x = 0; let _y = 0; let z = 0; let sin = Math.sin(degreeToRadians(data.player.angle)); let cos = Math.cos(degreeToRadians(data.player.angle)); for(let y = data.projection.halfHeight; y < data.projection.height; y++) { for(let x = 0; x < data.projection.width; x++) { _x = ((data.projection.width - x) * cos) - (x * sin); _y = ((data.projection.width - x) * sin) + (x * cos); _x /= z; _y /= z; if(_y < 0) _y *= -1; if(_x < 0) _x *= -1; _y *= 8.0; _x *= 8.0; _y %= data.floorTextures[0].height; _x %= data.floorTextures[0].width; screenContext.fillStyle = data.floorTextures[0].data[Math.floor(_x) + Math.floor(_y) * data.floorTextures[0].width]; screenContext.fillRect(x, y, 1, 1); } z += 1; } }  
    • By MatsK
      I'm unable to find my TerrainTypeSampler when I try to call it from my code! Why?
      struct VertexToPixel { float4 Position : POSITION; float4 Color : COLOR0; float LightingFactor : TEXCOORD0; float2 TextureCoords: TEXCOORD1; //texture2D Texture : TEXTURE; //TODO: Figure out how to change the texture used for the current vertex. }; struct PixelToFrame { float4 Color : COLOR0; }; float4x4 xView; float4x4 xProjection; float4x4 xWorld; float3 xLightDirection; float xAmbient; bool xEnableLighting; bool xShowNormals; //------- Texture Samplers -------- texture2D xTexture; SamplerState TextureSampler { magfilter = LINEAR; minfilter = LINEAR; mipfilter = LINEAR; AddressU = mirror; AddressV = mirror; }; texture2D TerrainType; SamplerState TerrainTypeSampler { magfilter = LINEAR; minfilter = LINEAR; mipfilter = LINEAR; AddressU = mirror; AddressV = mirror; }; texture2D Grass; SamplerState GrassSampler { magfilter = LINEAR; minfilter = LINEAR; mipfilter = LINEAR; AddressU = mirror; AddressV = mirror; }; texture2D Rock; SamplerState RockSampler { magfilter = LINEAR; minfilter = LINEAR; mipfilter = LINEAR; AddressU = mirror; AddressV = mirror; }; texture2D Sand; SamplerState SandSampler { magfilter = LINEAR; minfilter = LINEAR; mipfilter = LINEAR; AddressU = mirror; AddressV = mirror; }; texture2D Snow; SamplerState SnowSampler { magfilter = LINEAR; minfilter = LINEAR; mipfilter = LINEAR; AddressU = mirror; AddressV = mirror; }; texture2D Water; SamplerState WaterSampler { magfilter = LINEAR; minfilter = LINEAR; mipfilter = LINEAR; AddressU = mirror; AddressV = mirror; }; //------- Technique: Textured -------- VertexToPixel TexturedVS(float4 inPos : POSITION, float3 inNormal : NORMAL, float2 inTexCoords : TEXCOORD0) { VertexToPixel Output = (VertexToPixel)0; float4x4 preViewProjection = mul(xView, xProjection); float4x4 preWorldViewProjection = mul(xWorld, preViewProjection); Output.Position = mul(inPos, preWorldViewProjection); Output.TextureCoords = inTexCoords; float3 Normal = normalize(mul(normalize(inNormal), xWorld)); Output.LightingFactor = 1; if (xEnableLighting) Output.LightingFactor = saturate(dot(Normal, -xLightDirection)); return Output; } PixelToFrame TexturedPS(VertexToPixel PSIn) { PixelToFrame Output = (PixelToFrame)0; float4 Color = TerrainType.Sample(TerrainTypeSampler, PSIn.TextureCoords); float4 GrassClr = float4(0, 255, 0, 255); float4 RockClr = float4(255, 0, 0, 255); float4 SandClr = float4(255, 255, 0, 255); float4 SnowClr = float4(255, 255, 255, 255); float4 WaterClr = float4(12, 0, 255, 255); float4 Diff = Color - GrassClr; if (!any(Diff)) Output.Color = tex2D(GrassSampler, PSIn.TextureCoords); Diff = Color - RockClr; if (!any(Diff)) Output.Color = tex2D(RockSampler, PSIn.TextureCoords); Diff = Color - SandClr; if(!any(Diff)) Output.Color = tex2D(SandSampler, PSIn.TextureCoords); Diff = Color - SnowClr; if(!any(Diff)) Output.Color = tex2D(SnowSampler, PSIn.TextureCoords); Diff = Color - WaterClr; if(!any(Diff)) Output.Color = tex2D(WaterSampler, PSIn.TextureCoords); Output.Color = tex2D(TextureSampler, PSIn.TextureCoords); Output.Color.rgb *= saturate(PSIn.LightingFactor + xAmbient); return Output; } technique Textured_2_0 { pass Pass0 { VertexShader = compile vs_4_0_level_9_1 TexturedVS(); PixelShader = compile ps_4_0_level_9_1 TexturedPS(); } } technique Textured { pass Pass0 { VertexShader = compile vs_4_0_level_9_1 TexturedVS(); PixelShader = compile ps_4_0_level_9_1 TexturedPS(); } }  
      When I'm calling this, TerrainTypeSampler returns null!
      public void Draw() { Matrix WorldMatrix = Matrix.CreateTranslation(-m_TerrainWidth / 2.0f, 0, m_TerrainHeight / 2.0f); m_Effect.CurrentTechnique = m_Effect.Techniques["Textured"]; m_Effect.Parameters["TerrainTypeSampler"].SetValue(m_TerrainType); m_Effect.Parameters["GrassSampler"].SetValue(m_Grass); m_Effect.Parameters["RockSampler"].SetValue(m_Rock); m_Effect.Parameters["SandSampler"].SetValue(m_Sand); m_Effect.Parameters["SnowSampler"].SetValue(m_Snow); m_Effect.Parameters["WaterSampler"].SetValue(m_Water); //m_Effect.Parameters["TextureSampler"].SetValue(m_Grass); m_Effect.Parameters["xView"].SetValue(m_CController.View/*m_ViewMatrix*/); m_Effect.Parameters["xProjection"].SetValue(m_CController.Projection/*m_ProjectionMatrix*/); m_Effect.Parameters["xWorld"].SetValue(WorldMatrix/*Matrix.Identity*/); RasterizerState RS = new RasterizerState(); RS.CullMode = CullMode.None; RS.FillMode = FillMode.WireFrame; m_Device.RasterizerState = RS; m_Device.Clear(Color.CornflowerBlue); foreach (EffectPass Pass in m_Effect.CurrentTechnique.Passes) { Pass.Apply(); m_Device.DrawUserIndexedPrimitives(PrimitiveType.TriangleList, m_Vertices, 0, m_Vertices.Length, m_Indices, 0, m_Indices.Length / 3, VertexPositionNormalTexture.VertexDeclaration); } }  
      Please help!
    • By ptietz
      Hi, everyone!
      I recently decided to dig a little deeper into Perlin's rabbit hole.
      So far, it's working out nicely. But now, I struggle with things that come on top of that.
      Simply put: how will I get the most out of that?
      To keep things easy and visual, let's pretend, I'd plot the results onto a texture.
      Let's also say, I'd have some pre-defined value ranges like for example 0-.33 would get a red pixel, .34-.66 a green one and .64-1 would get a blue one.
      So we'd now have a texture with clear shapes of either one color, right?
      Now, my question would then be: Is there a CPU-friendly, algorithmic way to
      a) get some information about those shapes (like their center point, area and perimeter).
      b) tell something about any given point within those areas (like their distance to the nearest border or to the center)
      Thanks a lot! :)
    • By Shephard42
      I'm a 3D Creature/Character artist looking for a rev-share or hobby project to work on. You can see my work here: www.artstation.com/shephard42

      At this point, I'm just trying to add some work to my portfolio. I'm pretty decent with detailed, high-poly sculpting for 2D renders or 3D-printing, but I need to get some experience creating assets for games (and/or VR stuff).

      I dont have time to create all the 3D artwork for something, but I'd love to contribute to something currently in development. What I'm most interested in is creating high-poly detail to bake into game assets (characters or creatures would be the most fun, but high-poly props/weapons is something I'd consider), but I might be up for lower-poly modeling if the project sounded awesome. I'm willing to work with pre-rigged stuff or downloaded assets from kits if I can be given the creative freedom to make some of my own changes.

Important Information

By using GameDev.net, you agree to our community Guidelines, Terms of Use, and Privacy Policy.

GameDev.net is your game development community. Create an account for your GameDev Portfolio and participate in the largest developer community in the games industry.

Sign me up!