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      Download the Game Design and Indie Game Marketing Freebook   07/19/17

      GameDev.net and CRC Press have teamed up to bring a free ebook of content curated from top titles published by CRC Press. The freebook, Practices of Game Design & Indie Game Marketing, includes chapters from The Art of Game Design: A Book of Lenses, A Practical Guide to Indie Game Marketing, and An Architectural Approach to Level Design. The GameDev.net FreeBook is relevant to game designers, developers, and those interested in learning more about the challenges in game development. We know game development can be a tough discipline and business, so we picked several chapters from CRC Press titles that we thought would be of interest to you, the GameDev.net audience, in your journey to design, develop, and market your next game. The free ebook is available through CRC Press by clicking here. The Curated Books The Art of Game Design: A Book of Lenses, Second Edition, by Jesse Schell Presents 100+ sets of questions, or different lenses, for viewing a game’s design, encompassing diverse fields such as psychology, architecture, music, film, software engineering, theme park design, mathematics, anthropology, and more. Written by one of the world's top game designers, this book describes the deepest and most fundamental principles of game design, demonstrating how tactics used in board, card, and athletic games also work in video games. It provides practical instruction on creating world-class games that will be played again and again. View it here. A Practical Guide to Indie Game Marketing, by Joel Dreskin Marketing is an essential but too frequently overlooked or minimized component of the release plan for indie games. A Practical Guide to Indie Game Marketing provides you with the tools needed to build visibility and sell your indie games. With special focus on those developers with small budgets and limited staff and resources, this book is packed with tangible recommendations and techniques that you can put to use immediately. As a seasoned professional of the indie game arena, author Joel Dreskin gives you insight into practical, real-world experiences of marketing numerous successful games and also provides stories of the failures. View it here. An Architectural Approach to Level Design This is one of the first books to integrate architectural and spatial design theory with the field of level design. The book presents architectural techniques and theories for level designers to use in their own work. It connects architecture and level design in different ways that address the practical elements of how designers construct space and the experiential elements of how and why humans interact with this space. Throughout the text, readers learn skills for spatial layout, evoking emotion through gamespaces, and creating better levels through architectural theory. View it here. Learn more and download the ebook by clicking here. Did you know? GameDev.net and CRC Press also recently teamed up to bring GDNet+ Members up to a 20% discount on all CRC Press books. Learn more about this and other benefits here.
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The Other Presidents Before Washington

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The period in the history of the United States that almost all the history books fails to chronicle is the political history before George Washington as elected president ( ironically he almost ended up as king ).
There were 8 men who carried the title "President Of The United States" before George Washington was ever elected.
This era started with the adoption of The Articles of Confederation in March 1, 1781

1: John Hanson - 1781 to 1782
2: Elias Boudinot - 1782 to 1783
3: Thomas Mifflin - 1783 to 1784
4: Richard Henry Lee - 1784 to 1785
5: John Hancock - 1785 to 1786
6: Nathaniel Gorham - 1786 to 1787
7: Arthur St. Clair - 1787 to 1788
8: Cyrus Griffin - 1788 to 1789

But wait - there is more ! The Articles of Confederation is considered the first constitution of the United States, however there were men before this time that carried the title of "President of the Continental Congress" that had some authority and acted at times as mediator at congressional meetings.
This era started with the adoption of the congressional Articles of Association

1: Peyton Randolph - 1774
2: Henry Middleton - 1774 to 1775
3: Peyton Randolph - 1775 ( second term )
4: John Hancock - 1775 to 1777 ( Declaration Of Independence - 1776 )
5: Henry Laurens - 1777 to 1778
6: John Jay - 1778 to 1779
7: Samuel Huntington - 1779 to 1781
8: Thomas McKean - 1781

1: The American Revolutionary War ended in 1783, making Thomas Mifflin the first president of an independent United States
2: The United States Constitution was ratified in 1787, making Arthur St. Clair the first president under the new constitution and making Cyrus Griffin the only president ever elected by congress ( under the new constitution ).

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