Jump to content
  • Advertisement
  • entries
  • comments
  • views

An update a day...

Sign in to follow this  



Might as well keep doing these little journal updates, keeps me off the streets.

I've added in support for a [font=tahoma]Capsule [/font]shape to the physics system now and got the character controller just doing simple collide and separate with the level geometry. I've also set up ray casting support in the physics object and am currently using this to draw a line between the character and the floor.

Its a shame I can't figure out how the algorithm to ray cast using shape support functions works. Gino's paper on it is just too mathy for me and I don't understand. I would be in the same position with GJK if it wasn't for Casey's excellent talk on the algorithm, but I find Gino's whitepaper on GJK raycasting impenetrable.

Unfortunately, therefore, ray casting is done using ray-triangle intersections (ultimately calls [font=tahoma]D3DXRayIntersectTri [/font]under the hood) which means I have a mismatch and also that I currently only support ray casts against [font=tahoma]Polyhedron[/font]. My [font=tahoma]Shape [/font]has a [font=tahoma]virtual RayResult rayQuery(const Ray&, const Matrix&) const[/font] method that [font=tahoma]Capsule [/font]just returns an invalid [font=tahoma]RayResult [/font]for so its not quite right really.

Also the GJK intersection tests use a small margin value, whereas the ray casting doesn't, so there is a bit of a mismatch here. Something I'd like to address in the future, so if anyone can explain in English how you use support functions to ray test against a convex shape, I'd be very glad to listen.

[font=tahoma]Shape[/font]s have no position in my setup - they represent a shape in its own local co-ordinate space so to do anything useful with them, you have to pass a transform matrix into the relevant methods. For example:

[font=tahoma]Vec3 Shape::support(const Vec3 &dir, const Matrix &transform, float margin) const;[/font]

So, under the physics system, we have a [font=tahoma]Body [/font]that represents a shape with a position, orientation, velocity and so on, and it passes its world matrix into the methods that it calls on its polymorphic shape.

Internally the [font=tahoma]Capsule [/font]and [font=tahoma]Polyhedron [/font]can use an inverse of the incoming transform to convert the direction vector into local space too, which simplifies greatly the calculation of the support point for the [font=tahoma]Capsule[/font]. It means if you can figure out the support function in local space, you can apply it in any world space context, which is nice.

Vec3 Capsule::support(const Vec3 &normal, const Matrix &transform, float margin) const{ Vec3 n = transformNormal(normal, inverseMatrix(transform)); Vec3 v = n * (r + margin); v.y += (n.y < 0 ? -o : n.y > 0 ? o : 0); return transformCoord(v, transform);}Vec3 Polyhedron::support(const Vec3 &normal, const Matrix &transform, float margin) const{ Vec3 result(0, 0, 0); float max = -FLT_MAX; Vec3 n = transformNormal(normal, inverseMatrix(transform)); for(auto &v: vs) { Vec3 m = v + (n * margin); float dot = dotVectors(m, n); if(dot > max) { max = dot; result = m; } } return transformCoord(result, transform);}But its a shame that I don't have ray casting using the same system. Ideally my [font=tahoma]Shape [/font]would present an interface for getting support points and nothing else, but will do for now anyway.
Sign in to follow this  


Recommended Comments

Thank you CulDeVa.

Other poster, thank you for the advice but you don't seem to understand what I'm doing. And AABB is not feasible for my character controller, nor am I using a BSP. My system is based on implicit rigid bodies. I'm not using a vertex to detect the ground, I'm raycasting down from the capsule to get the distance to the floor.

It's a little rude to post in my journal telling me I don't know what I'm doing, so kindly take such comments elsewhere in future, thank you.

Share this comment

Link to comment
Well it's hard to understand what you mean by polymorphic shape and you mix up collision detection with response. BSP is not just a tree but polyhedra that are made up of bisecting planes.

Share this comment

Link to comment

Well it's hard to understand what you mean by polymorphic shape and you mix up collision detection with response. BSP is not just a tree but polyhedra that are made up of bisecting planes.

The fact that you think I'm mixing up collision detection with response just shows you don't have the faintest idea what I'm posting about here.

I'm terribly sorry if my journal is unclear to you. I would suggest that the obvious solution is for you to stop reading it and go away.

I get paid a lot of money to deal with this kind of ignorant criticism of my work in a professional context. I'm not putting up with it in my hobby projects.

Well done for deleting your original comment by the way. That's really helped enormously. I should have quoted it as I have here but can't on my phone.

Share this comment

Link to comment

Create an account or sign in to comment

You need to be a member in order to leave a comment

Create an account

Sign up for a new account in our community. It's easy!

Register a new account

Sign in

Already have an account? Sign in here.

Sign In Now
  • Advertisement

Important Information

By using GameDev.net, you agree to our community Guidelines, Terms of Use, and Privacy Policy.

GameDev.net is your game development community. Create an account for your GameDev Portfolio and participate in the largest developer community in the games industry.

Sign me up!