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# I don't WANT a default constructor.

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Ive created a class called Color that Im going to use to represent the R, G and B values in OpenGL color functions. I also have a class called Ball, and Im going to have a lot of balls in my OpenGl program ( yea, im sort of a newbie! ). I want each ball to have a different color, so the Ball class has a member variable declared like so: private: Color color; My Ball constructor accepts a color object and saves it like so: Ball::Ball(Color c) { color = c; Also, my Color object has 2 different constructors, each of which accept parameters (so i DON''T have a default constructor). I keep getting compile errors saying that "there is no appropriate default constructor available" for the Color class. It points to the Ball constructor as the culprit. Does this mean i have to define a default constructor for the Color class? Because I dont want to! Anytime a color object is created, I want it to be a specific chosen color. It doesnt make sence to me that I should be forced to provide a default constructor. I shouldnt have to change the design of my program for a strange syntax quirk. I must be doing something wrong. Can someone tell me what? P.S. I Was going to post some code, but I have a lot of it, and im not sure exactly what code is causing problems, So Ill just wait and see if anyone can solve this without code first. Thanks a lot in advance! Its not my fault I''''m the biggest and the strongest; I don''''t even exercise.

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You must have a default constructor. No way around it. Have it do nothing, or, do it like you should and make it initialize all member variables in the class.

BTW, it is possible to have more than one constructor, through function overloading. Make your declaration look like this:

Ball();
Ball(Color c);

Ball::Ball()
{
memset (color, 0, sizeof(color));
}
Ball::Ball(Color c)
{
color = c;
}

[edited by - Neosmyle on August 29, 2002 8:04:43 PM]

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AFAIK, you don't need a default constructor, but you have to make sure that every instance of Ball has arguments for the constructor, or else your compiler will complain. For example, you can't have

Ball b; //The compiler should flag this error

Furthermore, if your Color objects don't have a default constructor, your Ball constructor should not be

Ball::Ball(Color c) {
color = c;
...

but rather

Ball::Ball(Color c) : color(c){...}

Which is, BTW, the preferred method even if Color had a default constructor.

Cédric

EDIT: Clarified stuff and fixed grammar.

[edited by - cedricl on August 29, 2002 8:35:13 PM]

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I''m very probably wrong here, but isn''t it quicker to do...

  class Ball{public:    Ball(Colour col) : m_Colour(col)    {}private:    Colour m_Colour;};

...since doing this means that it won''t make a temporary copy on the stack of the Colour object that you pass into the contructor? Or am I remembering things from a long time ago when compilers weren''t quite as optimising as they are nowadays?

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damn... beaten to it

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Your given constructor could also supply a default argument and thereby serve as a default constructor...

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you don''t have to have a default constructor but if you don''t you have to initialize everything, for example you have a vertex class with a color as a member:

  struct Vertex{    Color tint;    Vertex();};//ok so now you have to implement the contructor,you try this but it is wrongVectex::Vertex(){    tint=Color(255,255,255);}//that''s because tint has to have a legal value before//you get into the body of the constructor, so use this insteadVertex::Vertex() : tint(255,255,255){}

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quote:
Original post by Andre the Giant
I keep getting compile errors saying that "there is no appropriate default constructor available" for the Color class. It points to the Ball constructor as the culprit.

Does this mean i have to define a default constructor for the Color class? Because I dont want to! Anytime a color object is created, I want it to be a specific chosen color. It doesnt make sence to me that I should be forced to provide a default constructor. I shouldnt have to change the design of my program for a strange syntax quirk. I must be doing something wrong.

Can someone tell me what?

Just make the default constructor, damn it...

class Color{  Color() {} // default ctor == do nothing  ...};

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There seem to be two issues here:

First issue: Can you have a class without a default constructor? The answer is yes, like this:

    class Ball {private:    Ball();   //declare, but don't define!    Color col;public:    Ball(const Color& c) : col(c) { }}:

Provided you do not define a default constructor for Ball, the class will not have a default constructor. The same can be done for the copy constructor if you don't want that (and assignment as well, I'm certain).

Second issue: The error you quote is there is no appropriate default constructor available for the Color class . Note that this is talking about constructors on the Color class, not the Ball class. So the compiler is telling you that your Color class has no default constructor, but you are attempting to use it anyway.

Look to see where you are instatiating the Color class and figure out whether you need to provide parameters upon its construction, or provide a default constructor for Color.

---- --- -- -

[edited by - mossmoss on August 29, 2002 9:21:18 PM]

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Try something like this Andre
Ball(Color c = Color(255,255,255)) : color(c) {}

...
You don''t have to make the default ctor private, nor use a declare but don''t define trick to not have one. (You use that to hide copy ctor''s.)

This class has no default ctor:
class Object{public:Object(int i) {}};

A default ctor is made for you automatically iff (that''s if and only if) you do not define any other ctor''s.

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