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# Scale matrix

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Hi, in all tutorials that I could find, the object''s world matrix is always the product of the translate and rotate matrix. But how do I insert a scale operation? Thanks, Alex

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You use a D3DXMATRIX returned by the D3DXMatrixScaling function. Look up the function in the DX SDK, you just give a scaling factor for the three axis and a pointer to a D3DXMATRIX structure you want to use.

Then, you use this matrix, just as you would use a rotation or translation matrix.

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I''ve already found the functions etc, but I don''t know how to use it with the other both matrices.
This is the code:

  D3DXMatrixMultiply(&matWorld,&rotate_matrix,&translate_matrix);g_d3d_device->SetTransform(D3DTS_WORLD,&matWorld );

Then would this be correct or is the scale matrix multiplied in another way?

  D3DXMatrixMultiply(&matWorldTemp,&rotate_matrix,&translate_matrix);D3DXMatrixMultiply(&matWorld,&matWorld,&scale_matrix);g_d3d_device->SetTransform(D3DTS_WORLD,&matWorld );

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D3DXMatrixMultiply(&matWorldTemp,&scale_matrix,&rotate_matrix);
D3DXMatrixMultiply(&matWorld,&matWorld,&translate_matrix);
g_d3d_device->SetTransform(D3DTS_WORLD,&matWorld );

otherwise your just scaling the translated position of the object.

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To clarify that: The order in which you multiply two matrices matters. So A*B gives a different result than B*A.

You have to think about what you need to do first: First you want to scale the object to size, then you want to rotate it, and then you want to place it in the right position.

So you first multiply scale by rotate, and then multiply the result by translate.

You don''t need to use a temporary world matrix variable, by the way. As far as I know, this works fine:

  D3DXMATRIX matWorld;D3DXMATRIX matScale;D3DXMATRIX matRotate;D3DXMATRIX matTranslate;D3DXMatrixMultiply(&matWorld,&matScale,&matRotate);D3DXMatrixMultiply(&matWorld,&matWorld,&matTranslate);g_d3d_device->SetTransform(D3DTS_WORLD,&matWorld );

In other words, it''s not necessary to store the results of the first multiply operation in different (temporary) variable than the final world variable.

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Thank you all very much!
I''m so glad that I found somebody who explains this matrix stuff in a way that I understand it.

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