#### Archived

This topic is now archived and is closed to further replies.

# Converting from Quaternion to DX LookAtLH

This topic is 5807 days old which is more than the 365 day threshold we allow for new replies. Please post a new topic.

## Recommended Posts

Partly D3D - but as this more of a maths problem thought better to post here. I have my world objects and my camera stored in the same base class. So they each share lots of properties. Notably a world position and a quaternion specifying their rotation. For normal objects this is great, the position vector + the rotation quaternion let me create a world Transform matrix. The bit I''m getting confused by is the camera part. It needs to construct a view matrix. What I have at the moment (for hack purposes) is: Matrix.LookAtLH(new Vector3(_xPos,_yPos,_zPos), _lookAt, new Vector3(0f,1f,0f)); Where _xPos etc specify the world position, but I need a way to generate the _lookAt and Up vectors from the position+rotation I have stored. Any suggestions?

##### Share on other sites
For a regular object, you get the orientation matrix by converting the quaternion
q = q_yaw * q_pitch * q_roll
to a matrix. To do the same thing with a camera, you have to do the inverse transformation, which can be done either by finding the inverse of that matrix, or by calculating the matrix of
q = q_(-roll) * q_(-pitch) * q_(-yaw)

In case you don''t know, the matrix associated with the quaternion q = (n, x, y, z) is

n^2 + x^2 - y^2 - z^2    2xy - 2zn                2xz + 2yn2xy + 2zn                n^2 - x^2 + y^2 - z^2    2yz - 2xn2zx - 2yn                2zy + 2xn                n^2 - x^2 - y^2 + z^2

##### Share on other sites
D3DMATRIX camTransform;
D3DMATRIX camViewTransform;

// Obtain camera transform from a quaternion.

D3DXMatrixRotationQuaternion( &camTransform, &camOrienationQuat );

// Build camera "view" transform.

D3DVECTOR* camTransformYAxis = ( D3DVECTOR* )( &camTransform.m[1][0] );
D3DVECTOR* camTransformZAxis = ( D3DVECTOR* )( &camTransform.m[2][0] );

D3DXMatrixLookAtLH( &camViewTransform, &camPos, &( camPos + camTransformZAxis ), &camTransformYAxis );

##### Share on other sites
Darn - nearly there (thanks both of you) ..... just one catch - I''m doing this in C#, and there is no damned documentation for DX....

>>D3DVECTOR* camTransformYAxis = ( D3DVECTOR* )( &camTransform.m[1][0] );
>>D3DVECTOR* camTransformZAxis = ( D3DVECTOR* )( &camTransform.m[2][0] );

As we don''t have pointers into the Matrix structure in C#, which elements of the matrix are needed.... (M21, M22, M23 and M31, M32, M33 I''m guessing?)

##### Share on other sites
obviously i have no idea what i''m doing.
but it''s been known for rambling to start bright ideas...
anyway i guess you couldn''t pass those pointers as references in C# huh?

##### Share on other sites
Thanks all - for future reference... here''s the C# solution....

Firstly, Meduzza''s code was damned near there, but the order of the camTransformYAxis/camTransformZAxis generation was different to the order in LookATLH - so my first mistake was getting these reversed (DOH!)... yes.. M21, M22, M23 and M31, M32, M33 are the correct elements.

Secondly, Meduzza''s solution provided a rear view camera - so I had to reverse them - prviously this wasn''t easy (which was where my problem was comming from), but now the vectors had been obtained it was simple. Thanks Aprosenf for the -(x) suggestion.

  // Horribly unoptimised....// _matrixRotation is a rotation matrix// _quatRotation is a stored rotation quaternion// _xPos, _yPos, zPos - the position of the camera_matrixRotation.RotateQuaternion(_quatRotation);Vector3 camPos = new Vector3(_xPos,_yPos,_zPos);Vector3 camTY = new Vector3(_matrixRotation.M21,_matrixRotation.M22,_matrixRotation.M23);Vector3 camTZ = new Vector3(-(_matrixRotation.M31),-(_matrixRotation.M32),-(_matrixRotation.M33));return Matrix.LookAtLH(camPos,  camPos + camTZ, camTY);

1. 1
2. 2
3. 3
4. 4
Rutin
13
5. 5

• 14
• 10
• 9
• 9
• 11
• ### Forum Statistics

• Total Topics
633692
• Total Posts
3013356
×