# Craft classes and economy

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Not sure if you've played SWG, but it does achieve a lot of these things.

A real economy, where monsters don't usually drop money, but humanoids might drop a piece of equipment occasionally, and other mobs can be "harvested" for skin, bone and meat.

To add to this, there's several comprehensive skilsl for foraging, mining and harvesting natural resources.

The crafters have to get hold of these resources (which have varying properties, so the crafter has to find the best available resource), which even makes "resource gathering" a viable profession.

There are no NPC vendors selling standard goods, so you're really forced to buy from crafters (or their NPC shops) when you want newq equipment.

All of this means that crafting is far more interesting than usual, and so is resource gathering.
They've even managed to make cities be, well, cities. You actually spend time there, healing, resting, buying goods, training and just chatting. They're crowded enough to actually look like cities, which I haven't seen any other MMOG achieve.

The combat system is too simple and unbalanced, though.
The economy is a bit out of whack, and there are numerous other problems with the game, mostly to do with a lack of polish and not enough content. But on the whole, they achieve a lot of what you mentioned, and they do it well. I think Gamespy is still offering a free trial, so might be worth checking out. (I played it in beta, and the trial a few weeks ago)

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How do you go about crafting items in SWG? Is it still basically a "collect all the parts and press button" and press the produce button, or is there some sort of "game" to it? i.e. if it's possible to script a set of actions to just constantly produce an item, its not very good - this kind of thing would destroy an economy based game since the "cheaters" could drive everyone else out of the market with their high quantity/low margin goods.

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Perhaps you wouldn't need classes like lumberjack, perhaps you could buy slaves or hire npcs to do that for you, to cut down trees, to transport the goods and sell them. The player could explore the nearby woods for a place where the tree quality is good. Then he would try to get a permit from the local warlord to send his workers there, build warehouses and stuff, maybe wait until the price of timber is high (maybe he has heard a rumor that the warlord wants to build a new fleet). All this is starting to sound like some business simulator, but just cutting down trees and selling them is...boring. An industrialist character could still do some adventuring, he could hire a small army to do all the fighting for him. In general, money should have more power than it has in most rpgs.

Well, obviously all this would have to be simplified quite a bit in order to implement some of those features, but i think the idea is still ok. There could be npc serfs and mercenaries who can handle all the truly mundane and boring tasks efficiently and with relatively low costs, just like it was in real life. The player(s) could represent the more fortunate nobles who give orders to those serfs, if they want to.

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Michalson: SWG's crafting system works like this. It's a long process, so beware.

There are 8 crafting professions in Galaxies: Artisan ("newbie"-level, doesn't make a whole lot of useful items beyond vehicles), Weaponsmith, Armorsmith, Droid Engineer, Chef, Bio-Engineer, Architect, and Tailor. Some support classes like Doctors and Combat Medics do significant amounts of crafting, but have much greater roles outside of making things. As players advance in a chosen profession, they gain access to schematics (grants ability to make specific items, like a blaster carbine barrel) and skill modifiers, which increase their ability to experiment on their items -- more on experimentation later. Master-level craftsmen make by far the best items, as they have the highest experimentation numbers and greatest access to schematics. However, this is considered by many to be a poor design decision, as it makes anything but a master-level craftsman completely worthless. It also makes it impossible for a low-level craftsman to sell anything he makes, as his goods will never be close to the quality of a master's.

Crafting starts with resource gathering. There are three major categories of resources: Organic, Inorganic, and Energy. Organic resources, like hide, meat, and bone, can be harvested by Scouts and Rangers from certain animals. Inorganic resources, like metals, radioactives, and water, can be surveyed for by Artisans, who upon finding a particular spawn can hand-sample the resource or set up large mining facilities which collect the resource automatically and at a much higher rate, but cost Energy (collected by fusion, wind, and solar generators) and credits to maintain. Beyond the basic level, resources are further organized by several levels of "type", which can be considered the equivalent of an animal's species. You can envision this like a tree:

Inorganic:
Metal:
Iron:
Dolovite Iron
Copper:
Kelsh Copper
Gemstone:
Crystalline Gemstone:
Rainbow Crystalline Gemstone
Vertex Crystalline Gemstone

etc., etc. Here, we see that Dolovite Iron is a type of Iron, which is a type of Metal, which is an Inorganic (this tree is greatly simplified). Some resources are even further defined by the planet they come from (Tatooinian Avian Meat vs. Dathomirian Avian Meat). Finally, all resources have a "name", which comes into play a little later. A full tree is available here: http://www.swgcraft.com/resourcetree.php.

Resources have various stats that make them desirable for different professions. All resources have a "Overall Quality" (OQ) rating, in addition to several other stats. Metals typically have Cold Resistance, Heat Resistance, Conductivity, Malleability, etc., whereas Organic Meat will have Potential Energy and Decay Resistance.

Resources spawn at various intervals on various planets with random stats approrpriate to their type. Each of these resources spawns are given a name to identify them. For example, my server recently received a spawn of "Auvansis" Duralloy Steel with 909 OQ, a valuable spawn. Each spawn is usually around for about 10 days, though the full length is random.

As you can see, the big picture is thus: resources spawn with random types, stats, and locations at random times. Players must locate these spawns themselves using in-game tools, determine their quality, and harvest them. Resources with high stats are very valuable, particularly a few months after they spawn if no other comparable resources have cropped up. The quality of a resource directly affects the quality of the item produced, so craftsmen will always try and get their hands on as much of a high-quality resource as they can. This makes resource trading a huge market in the game, and gives rise to a very wealthy and powerful character type, the resource trader, who pays other players to place harvesters are specific locations and buys the resources from that location at a low rate.

On to crafting... creating a finished item, like a simple Laser Carbine, is actually a very involved process. Complex items like armor and weapons are made up of several sub-components which must be constructed prior to the finished item. In our case, the Laser Carbine requires several Power Handlers, a Rifle Barrel, optional Rifle Stock and Scope, and additional amounts of specific resources (50 units Link-Steel Aluminum, 30 units Non-Ferrous Metal, 12 units Metal).

To make an item, crafters must "use" a crafting tool and select a schematic from their available schematics list. The crafter then must supply the required resources for that item. If a schematic calls for a specific resource, like Link-Steel Aluminum, then only that resource may be used. If, however, the schematic specifies a more-generic type, like Non-Ferrous Metal or plain Metal, then any resource which falls under that type in the resource tree can be used. In our case, Metal could be satisfied by any form of Copper, Iron, Aluminum, or Steel.

After resources are accounted for, the crafter (if he is experience enough) gets the option to "experiment" on the item. Each item type can be experimented upon in different ways to raise various stats: weapons can have their accuracy, damage, or durability increased; armor can be increased in durability and effectiveness. Crafters receive 10 experimentation points throughout their skill tree, with the 10th at the master level, and each point allows further increases in item stats. Thus, master crafters always create the best items, because they have more experiementation points. Experimentation is not a guaranteed success, however, so it often takes several tries at making an item in order to get satisfactory experimentation results. Having high-quality resources is key to successful experimentation, which is why such resources are valuable.

After experimentation is done, the crafter is given three options to produce the item. They can either toss away the item in "practice mode", which gives them a bonus to XP but forfeits the item; they can choose to make a prototype of the item, which creates it exactly as specified; or they can create a manufacturing schematic for the item, which can be placed into a factory along with required resources in order to mass-produce identical copies. This is how large-scale merchants make their money: they make several attempts at getting great experimentation results on a particular item, then load a schematic into a factory and make thousands of copies while their resources hold out. Note that the exact resources used in making the schematic must be supplied to the factory. Additionally, if a schematic requires several units of a subcomponent (the Laser Carbine requires three Blaster Power Handlers, which must be constructed by a Weaponsmith), then those subcomponents must be provided in identical form. You can't make three Power Handlers by hand... they must come from a factory crate ensuring their identical stats.

That is Star Wars Galaxies' crafting system in a nutshell. There are more details to it (which stats matter the most for experimentation, for example), but they aren't important to the big picture. It's the most advanced, involved, and exciting crafting system I've ever played in an MMO. And while there are macros that can save you some button pressing, the user still must be at the keyboard during the crafting process in order to select resources.

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Whoops. The resource tree was supposed to look like this:
Inorganic:
Metal:
Iron:
Dolovite Iron
Copper:
Kelsh Copper
Gemstone:
Crystalline Gemstone:
Rainbow Crystalline Gemstone
Vertex Crystalline Gemstone

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Oh screw it. You can probably see how it's supposed to work. I think I'll go register now.

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Here

Quote:
 Original post by Anonymous PosterWhoops. The resource tree was supposed to look like this:Inorganic: Metal: Iron: Dolovite Iron Copper: Kelsh Copper Gemstone: Crystalline Gemstone: Rainbow Crystalline Gemstone Vertex Crystalline Gemstone

BTW, thanks for the very informative post.

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The issue of master craftsmen making newbies obsolete could perhaps be solved with the subparts. As you mentioned a blaster needs several parts to build. What if the game was designed to plateau your ability to make simpler parts (you can only make so good a handle or battery) at various levels. Rather then waste your own time collecting the resources and building many basic subparts yourself, you would effectively sub contract them out to lower level craftsmen. At the highest levels you'd have large complex objects (like say an Imperial Walker in this example) built from hundreds or even thousands of individual parts (but at any one level only a dozen or less piece to make each subpart that goes into the building of the next largest subpart).

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That was me above. Thanks for fixing my post.

That's a very good idea, as it gives newbies something they can actually sell, a major complaint about the SWG system. There are some instances of this type of relationship in Galaxies already, and they work rather well: all Architect buildings require a lot of "wall segments", which can be built by Novice-level Architects and offer no means of experimentation; thus, any wall is as good as another, and can be mass-produced by a newbie to sell to established Architects.

A proposal I've heard would be to grant all experimentation points at the Novice level, with schematic availability being the only thing differentiating newbies from veterans. This has pretty much the same effect as your idea, only very specific to SWG.

One small addition to the SWG economy: any character can plop down up to 10 harvesters to dig up Inorganics and Energy for them. There is no "miner" class, though that fact is somewhat unpopular with many Artisans. However, Organics can only be harvested by someone with the Novice Scout ability. Individuals with higher Scouting skills (and later Ranger skills) are able to harvest more organics from a kill. These facts mean that organics typically sell for FAR higher prices than inorganics, as they are very time-consuming to collect even in small numbers. Whereas the best iron might sell for 3-4 credits/unit, avian meat will go for 250+ credits/unit.

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Seems like the SWG system is still completely 'character-skill' based. I'm going to start up a topic on 'character-skill' versus 'player-skill' shortly, so if you would clarification on the difference, look for it there.

As for how to make craft classes more interesting then “produce", read on...

Imagine you are a blacksmith in training who wants to make a mighty blade.
Making your sword will require the following steps, which will be explained in more detail:

Preparation Stage:
1. Require resources.
2. Prepare tools.
3. Prepare oven.

Crafting Stage:
4. Heat metal.
5. Remove metal from heat.
6. Craft the metal until metal cools.

Tempering Stage: (only available to journey-men black smiths)
8. Heat metal to perfect temperature.
9. Douse metal in Water.

Polish Stage: (only available to master black smiths)
11. Sharpen blade by using wheel.

Imbuing Stage: (only available to grand-master black smiths)
12. Charge blade using "magical charging stone"

Detailed Explanation Of all steps:

1. Require Resources
Making blades isn't cheap, but selling them isn't either ;) A black smith will need the following before making a blade:

Fuel for the fire (in the form of wood) - specially treated wood will yield different heating results and affect later steps
Metals / Mix of metals - The metal type will greatly affect the attributes of the blade, so selecting the right mix is crucial
Crafting Tongs - Used for transporting the metal from the fire to iron and back.
Crafting Hammer - Different hammers will have different crafting results and affect later steps
Charging Stones - Think of charging stones like magical 'fuel' used to charge the blade for enchantments the same way fire is used to prepare blade for crafting.

The process of requiring resources will be carried out by collecting them from the world or buying the resources from local shops.

2. Preparing Tools
Preparing the tools involves equipping the tongs, and hammer, and getting the stones ready (if applicable)

3. Prepare the Oven
Preparing the oven involves putting the fuel into the oven then turning it on. The oven will take a short time to heat to the correct temperature. The temperature of the oven will be displayed via on-screen caption. Once the oven is warmed up, the player can control the temperature via a blower on the oven. The temperature of the oven will affect how fast the metal is heated.

4. Heat the metal
With the Crafting tongs equipped, the player selects the Metals and places them into a basic mold inside the oven. The temperature of the metal will be displayed on screen just like the temperature of the oven. The first step will be to heat the metal to a high enough temperature for it to melt into the mold. The player must be careful though, because if the metal is heated to much, the metals chemistry will falter and the finished blade will be too weak to use.

The player will be informed of the chemistry of the metal via a display that involves "atoms" rotating around each other. The hotter the metal, the faster they will rotate. If they rotate too fast, they will collide and blob up, which will cause them to rotate much slower. This will indicate to the user that they have ruined the metal.

5. Remove the Metal from Heat
Once the metal is heated to a good temperature, the player will use the Crafting tongues to remove the metal from heat and bring it to the Crafting Iron.

6. Craft the Metal until Metal Cools (this is where the real fun begins)
When the metal is placed on the crafting iron, the view will be switched to a close up of the blade laid horizontal with the screen. The new view is used to spot the imperfections of the blade. When a metal is first melted to the mold it will contain many imperfections in the form of cracks, bends, and bubbles.

The user will use the crafting Hammer to smack out the imperfections of the blade. This will be carried out in the following way: The mouse cursor will change to a display of a target reticule. The player will target the imperfections and click and hold the mouse. When the mouse is clicked a power gauge will appear on the screen that increases until the click is released. When the click is released the hammer will fall with power and speed corresponding to the duration of the hold. If the player picked the right spot and the right power, then the imperfection will be removed or decreased. If the user applies too little power, then very little change will happen and the imperfection will remain. If the user applies too much power, the user runs the risk of making the imperfection worse, or with the higher-level metals, completely destroying the blade.

7.
While the blade is being crafted, the temperature of the Metal declines. The temperature of the blade will affect how easy the metal is to alter – meaning that fixing imperfections on a hot blade will be much easier then a warm blade. This means that the player will have to reheat the blade several times before moving on to the next stage. Different metals will have different heat storing properties, i.e. steel will loose heat faster then iron, making it harder to work with.

When all of the imperfections have been hammered out it will be time to move on the next section. The Apprentice Black Smith will finished here, as the next steps are unavailable to him. This obviously means that the blades he makes must be sold for very little and have worse attributes then the blades of Black Smiths with higher skill. But that’s okay, because as there are apprentice black smiths there are apprentice swordsmen who need cheap blades because they can’t afford anything better.

TEMPURING STAGE
8. Heat metal to perfect temperature
The idea behind tempering a blade is to increase the chemistry of a blade to make it stronger, which will result in better attributes. This is accomplished by heating it to very high temperatures then dowsing it in cold water.

The player must again heat the blade up. This time the goal is to bring the blade to the very limits of its heat (as high as it can go without ruining the chemistry)

9. Douse the metal in water
Next the player will use crafting tongs to dip the blade into a bucket of ice-cold water. If the blade is too hot it will crack. When the blade is dowsed the metal-chemistry indicator will respond accordingly. The ‘tighter’ the blade becomes, the more orderly the ‘atoms’ of the chemistry indicator will rotate. Every blade will have a threshold of how many times it can be dowsed determined by its metal. If the threshold is broken then so will be the blade. It follows that metals that have a higher threshold for dowsing can be tempered more, will create a better finished product.

POLISH STAGE
11. Sharpen the blade with a wheel
During this stage, which is only available to the master blacksmith, the player will be taken to the view of a wheel with a rectangle representing the sharpness of the blade. At the onset of the sharpening, the blade will be a perfect rectangle, with no ‘blade’ to speak of.

With the wheel on, the user will have control of the rectangle with the mouse to glide its edges carefully against the wheel. The goal will be to create perfect triangles on the short edges of the blade. This will be a fine-tuning mechanic where finesse is key.

IMBUING STAGE
The imbuing stage requires the help of a magician.

12. Charge blade using "magical charging stone"
This stage closely resembles the heating stage in that the blade must be charged up to a maximum threshold without going over the top. The difference is that imbuing only happens once, so the grand-master blacksmith must get it right the first time.

After the blade is charged, a display of the current charge will appear on the screen of the blacksmith. He will tell the magician when to cast and what to cast on the metal to imbue it with magical properties. After every spell is cast, the charge of the blade will decrease. The power of the enchantment(s) on a blade will be determined by the remaining charge. Only casting spells will lower the charge of a blade. So, casting as many spells on a blade that will fit will not yield the best results.
Examples
Blade – Max Charge = 500
One spell is cast on it – Fire
The new charge is 400
The Blade now has 1 Fire Enchantment with 80% power (400/500)

If the blacksmith then has the blade enchanted with ice:
The new charge is 300
The Blade Will now have 2 Enchantments:
Fire 60% power (300/500)
Ice 60% power (300/500)

Cast too many spells, and the charge will be less then 0, which result in all of the enchantments having a negative power, making the blade cursed.

And now we are done. The blade has been created. Only the best black smiths will be able to create the best blades, and when a blacksmith creates a blade, he will be proud because of all that went into creating it.

This is what it means to create a game mechanic out of a support role. Does the amount of effort going into it sound daunting? That’s because it is. But any time someone takes a half assed route to a goal they are cheating themselves and their players. I personally believe that anything worth doing is worth doing the best. If creating fun support roles is your goal, then be prepared to focus on a few. A few that you can time with to make as good as they possibly can be.

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For the love of god, FARMERS!

Food shouldn't just magically spawn in taverns, it needs to be produced as well! (And if/when stores run low, be prepared to pay through the nose for it)

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Quote:
 Original post by InfluenzaA proposal I've heard would be to grant all experimentation points at the Novice level, with schematic availability being the only thing differentiating newbies from veterans. This has pretty much the same effect as your idea, only very specific to SWG.

Experimentation points sound good, but perhaps you could limit how many can be used on a particular thing. For example you can only really make a handle so good, so that object could be capped at three points. Once you are past a level 3 builder, your handles are just as good as any other level 3 builder. You need to move on to more complex systems to give you more room to "experiment"

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Ah, I getcha. That seems a very effective means of ensuring lower-level crafter usefulness.

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Instead of having experimental points you could use complexity levels to determine versus character skill level to determine quality. So take the example of a glass bottle. Lets say thats a complexity 2 item. Now furhter more an items quality rating is between 0 and 100. So if the player decideds to craft a bottle and has the nessary skills and resources then a skill test is performed and they generate a bottle with some quality rating. The characters skill compared to the complexity would determine the quality of the bottle. However it set up in such a way that as the greater the diffrence between the complixity and skill the less change in the final quality. Meaning that if at say level 4+ crafting skill you will always create a bottle with a quality of 90-100. Thus encourging player to with high skill levels to create high complex items and leave the low complexity items to the low skill leveled players.

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Question: In SWG, how are credits introduced into the economy (I assume people don't just barter)?

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Players get credits by running missions from static mission terminals... things like "Go here and kill these creatures for 30,000 credits." There are also missions for exploration, surveying resources, crafting items, delivering items, or performing dances/music. Most humanoid NPCs drop credits as part of their loot, but the amount is typically dismally low. You can also get money by doing "theme park" missions, which are static missions given to you by famous NPCs (Luke Skywalker, Darth Vader, etc). You can only complete these missions once, so the amount of money awarded is small.

A complete statistical breakdown of SWG's economy can be found here: http://starwarsgalaxies.station.sony.com/content.jsp?page=Astromech%20Stats%20Economy