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rakoon2

OpenGL texture isn't working. ( first time ogl )

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Hello guys! I am not doing fanzy 3d stuff.. I am trying to draw a simple quad with a texture using SDL + OpenGl! The problem is that my quad is white.. but I should have the texture on it! uh? :| I don't get error messages when I load the SDL_Surface! Thank you very much! :) Here is the source code: main.cpp

#include "game_header.hpp"

#ifdef _WIN32
#undef main
#endif

LogFile LOG("logfile.log");


int main(int argc, char **argv)
{
	SDL_Surface *screen;
	bool running(true);


        init_SDL_OGL( screen, 640, 480 );
	GL_Texture* texture = new GL_Texture( "galaxien.bmp" );
	
	Quad quad( texture );
	
	
	
	SDL_Event event;
	
	while( running == true )
    {
		

		while(SDL_PollEvent(&event))
        {
			switch(event.type)
            {
    			case SDL_KEYDOWN:
                    				running = false;
                    				break;
    			case SDL_QUIT:
                    				running = false;
                    				break;
			}
		}
	glClear(GL_COLOR_BUFFER_BIT | GL_DEPTH_BUFFER_BIT);		
        quad.draw( 300, 300 );

		SDL_GL_SwapBuffers();
	}
        delete texture;
        return 0;
}


game_header.hpp
#include "eng_header.hpp"


eng_header.hpp
#include <SDL.h>
#include <SDL_opengl.h>


#include "eng_logfile.hpp"
#include "eng_init.hpp"
#include "eng_texture.hpp"
#include "eng_quad.hpp"


initSDL_OGL.hpp
#ifndef __ENG_INIT_HPP__
#define __ENG_INIT_HPP__

bool init_SDL_OGL( SDL_Surface* screen, const int w, const int h );

#endif


initSDL_OGL.cpp
#include "eng_header.hpp"

bool init_SDL_OGL( SDL_Surface* screen, const int w, const int h )
{
    // SDL:
    if (SDL_Init(SDL_INIT_VIDEO) < 0)
    {
		LOG << "Could not init SDL" << ENDL;
		exit( 1 );
	}
	atexit( SDL_Quit );

	SDL_GL_SetAttribute(SDL_GL_RED_SIZE, 5);
	SDL_GL_SetAttribute(SDL_GL_GREEN_SIZE, 5);
	SDL_GL_SetAttribute(SDL_GL_BLUE_SIZE, 5);
	SDL_GL_SetAttribute(SDL_GL_DEPTH_SIZE, 16);
	SDL_GL_SetAttribute(SDL_GL_DOUBLEBUFFER, 1);

	screen = SDL_SetVideoMode( w, h, 0, SDL_OPENGL);
	if ( !screen )
    {
		LOG << "Couldn't set video mode!" << ENDL;
		exit(1);
	}
    
    
    // OGL:
    glViewport(0, 0, screen->w, screen->h);

	glMatrixMode( GL_PROJECTION );
	glLoadIdentity();
	glOrtho(0, screen->w, screen->h, 0, -1.0, 1.0);

	glMatrixMode( GL_MODELVIEW );
	glLoadIdentity();
 
    return true;   
}    


eng_texture.hpp

#ifndef __ENG_TEXTURE_HPP__
#define __ENG_TEXTURE_HPP__

class GL_Texture
{
    public:
              GL_Texture( void );
              GL_Texture( const char* filename );
              
              ~GL_Texture( void );
              bool init( const char* filename );
              bool initTexture( void );
              
              int getW( void ) const{ return w; }
              int getH( void ) const{ return h; }
              unsigned getTexture( void ) const{ return texture; }
    private:
              SDL_Surface*  sprite;
              unsigned      texture;
              
              int w, h;
};
#endif


eng_texture.cpp
#include "eng_header.hpp"


GL_Texture::GL_Texture( void )
 :w(0), h(0), sprite( NULL )
{
    
}   

 
GL_Texture::GL_Texture( const char* filename )
 :w(0), h(0), sprite( NULL )
{
    init( filename );
    initTexture();
}    




// inits the SDl-surface
bool GL_Texture::init( const char* filename )
{
    if( sprite != NULL )
    {	
		  SDL_FreeSurface( sprite );
		  sprite = NULL;
	}
	
    // Load the BMP file into a surface
	sprite = SDL_LoadBMP( filename );

    if ( sprite == NULL )
    {
	    LOG << "Couldn't load " << filename << " -- "  << ENDL; 
        return false;
    }
    if( SDL_SetColorKey(sprite, SDL_SRCCOLORKEY | SDL_RLEACCEL, SDL_MapRGB(sprite->format, 255, 0, 255)) < 0)
    {
	    LOG << "Couldn't set the ColorKey for " << filename << " -- "  << ENDL;
		return false;
	}
    

	w = sprite->w;
	h = sprite->h;
	return true;       
}



bool GL_Texture::initTexture( void )
{
    SDL_Surface*  conv;
    
    // convert to 32-bit RGBA format
  	conv = SDL_CreateRGBSurface( SDL_SWSURFACE, sprite->w, sprite->h, 32,
#if SDL_BYTEORDER == SDL_BIG_ENDIAN
	   0xff000000, 0x00ff0000, 0x0000ff00, 0x000000ff);
#else
       0x000000ff, 0x0000ff00, 0x00ff0000, 0xff000000);
#endif
    
    SDL_BlitSurface( sprite, 0, conv, 0);
    
    glGenTextures( 1, &texture );
	glBindTexture( GL_TEXTURE_2D, texture );
	
	
	glTexParameteri( GL_TEXTURE_2D, GL_TEXTURE_MIN_FILTER, GL_NICEST );
	glTexParameteri( GL_TEXTURE_2D, GL_TEXTURE_MAG_FILTER, GL_NICEST );
	
    glPixelStorei( GL_UNPACK_ROW_LENGTH, conv->pitch / conv->format->BytesPerPixel );
	glTexImage2D( GL_TEXTURE_2D, 0, 3, conv->w, conv->h, 0, GL_RGBA, GL_UNSIGNED_BYTE, conv->pixels);
	glPixelStorei( GL_UNPACK_ROW_LENGTH, 0 );

	SDL_FreeSurface(conv);
}   



GL_Texture::~GL_Texture( void )
{
    if( sprite )
    {
		 SDL_FreeSurface( sprite );
		 sprite = NULL;
    }	
}    


quad.hpp

#ifndef __ENG_QUAD_HPP__
#define __ENG_QUAD_HPP__

class Quad
{
    public:
             Quad( GL_Texture* const texture ); 
             void draw( const int x, const int y );
    private:
             GL_Texture* texture;
};

#endif


quad.cpp
#include "eng_header.hpp"

Quad::Quad( GL_Texture* const texture2 )
 :texture( texture2 )
{
}

void Quad::draw( const int x, const int y )
{
    
    glEnable( GL_TEXTURE_2D );
	glBindTexture( GL_TEXTURE_2D, texture->getTexture() );
    
    // Don't use texture-w / h later
    const int t_w = texture->getW();
    const int t_h = texture->getH();
    
    
    glBegin( GL_QUADS );
		glTexCoord2f( 0, 0 );	glVertex2i( x, y );              // x -- y
		glTexCoord2f( 1, 0 );	glVertex2i( x + t_w, y );        // x+w -- y         
  		glTexCoord2f( 1, 1 );	glVertex2i( x + t_w, y + t_h );  // x+w -- y+h
		glTexCoord2f( 0, 1 );	glVertex2i( x, y + t_h );        // x -- y+h  
	glEnd();
}        


[Edited by - rakoon2 on September 3, 2004 8:25:12 PM]

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I don't remember using SDL's built-in bmp loader to load textures. Its probably possible, but you should try a NEHE tutorial and use the GLAUX library first and setup a texture that way. SDL's bitmap loader might not have the data the way OpenGL needs it? Don't quote me on this, just an idea to help troubleshoot.


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Quote:
Original post by DerAnged
i dont see a glEnable(GL_TEXTURE_2D); annywhere in there.


its in the quad.cpp file in the Draw(). You should really put a glDisable(GL_TEXTURE_2D); at the end if you are done texturing to avoid issues...

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Ah! That's it! Thank you! :)



One more question:

How can I let all quads rotate? ( they should rotate around their own center. )




I tried the rotate function.. but then my quads were gone after a sec!



I am using the same function as in the nehe tutorial.
Maybe I must use a different function?! ( ortho mode )

Oh:

glBegin( GL_QUADS );
glTexCoord2f( 0, 0 ); glVertex2i( x, y ); // x -- y
glTexCoord2f( 1, 0 ); glVertex2i( x, y + t_h ); // x -- y + h
glTexCoord2f( 1, 1 ); glVertex2i( x + t_w, y + t_h ); // x+w -- y+h
glTexCoord2f( 0, 1 ); glVertex2i( x + t_w, y ); // x+w-- y
glEnd();



is this right to make a quad? my quad is not w * h why? :|

[Edited by - rakoon2 on September 4, 2004 3:02:12 AM]

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its probably because you dont specify things in pixels, its some arbitrary unit, 1 is actually decently sized, but make sure you translate it back say, 10, thats what i always do for my little demos, in case you dont know transformations yet

glMatrixMode(GL_MODELVIEW);
glTranslatef(0.0f, 0.0f, -10.0f);
//do your rendering


ok wow, i must be tired, im not confident i have the constant for glMatrixMode() right, im pretty sure, but not 100%, i think that means its bed time, but anywho, hope that helps
-Dan

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glRotate rotates about the origin, so if you want to rotate the quad about it's center, you have to move it's center to the origin.

Since the quad extends from [x, y] to [x+w, y+h], the center is located at [x+w/2, y+h/2]. So first translate the center to the origin, rotate, and translate back. Something like this.

glTranslate(x+w/2, y+h/2, 0);
glRotate(whatever);
glTranslate(-x-w/2, -y-h/2, 0);

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Thank you! Thank you that works fine if I use single quads! :)

But what about if I want to rotate the full scene?

Here a screenshot what I mean:
http://members.chello.at/ennemoser/tile_rotation.jpg

Is it possible to do that without those black "holes"?
What must I rotate the quads about? window_w/2 - window_h/2 ? hmm..

how about:
glTranslatef( window_w/2, window_h/2, 0);
glRotatef( angle, 0.0f, 0.0f, 1.0f);
glTranslatef( - window_w/2, -window_h/2, 0);


Thank you again ^^

[Edited by - rakoon2 on September 4, 2004 5:03:08 AM]

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