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Gallahad

DrawIndexPrimitives Problem

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I'm trying to learn Direct3D to C#. I was going well until I tried to use the DrawIndexedPrimitive function. I simply got nothing. A black screen with no error message. Here is te complete source code to the form:
using System;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Collections;
using System.ComponentModel;
using System.Windows.Forms;
using Microsoft.DirectX;
using Microsoft.DirectX.Direct3D;

namespace Surface
{
	/// <summary>
	/// Summary description for Form1.
	/// </summary>
	public class WinForm : System.Windows.Forms.Form
	{
		private Device device = null;
		private PresentParameters presentParams;
		private bool deviceLost = false;

		private VertexBuffer vertexBuffer = null;
		private CustomVertex.PositionColored[] verts;
		private IndexBuffer indexBuffer = null;
		private int[] indices;

		private float fAngleX = 0f;
		private float fAngleY = 0f;
		private float fAngleZ = 0f;

		private float fCameradX = 0.0f;
		private float fCameradY = 0.0f;
		private float fCameradZ = -5.0f;


		/// <summary>
		/// Required designer variable.
		/// </summary>
		private System.ComponentModel.Container components = null;

		public WinForm() {
			//
			// Required for Windows Form Designer supresentParamsort
			//
			InitializeComponent();
			this.Setstyle(Controlstyles.AllPaintingInWmPaint | Controlstyles.Opaque, true);
			//
			// TODO: Add any constructor code after InitializeComponent call
			//
		}

		/// <summary>
		/// Clean up any resources being used.
		/// </summary>
		protected override void Dispose( bool disposing ) {
			if( disposing && (components != null)) components.Dispose();
			base.Dispose( disposing );
		}

		/// <summary>
		/// Required method for Designer supresentParamsort - do not modify
		/// the contents of this method with the code editor.
		/// </summary>
		private void InitializeComponent() {
			// 
			// WinForm
			// 
			this.AutoScaleBaseSize = new System.Drawing.Size(5, 13);
			this.ClientSize = new System.Drawing.Size(800, 600);
			this.FormBorderstyle = System.Windows.Forms.FormBorderstyle.FixedSingle;
			this.Name = "WinForm";
			this.Text = "DirectX Tutorial";
		}

		public bool setDeviceMode(bool fullScreen, int Width, int Height, Format Depth, int RefreshRate) {
			PresentParameters oldParams = new PresentParameters(presentParams);

			this.ClientSize = new System.Drawing.Size(Width, Height);

			presentParams.Windowed = !fullScreen;
			if (fullScreen) {
				presentParams.BackBufferWidth	= Width;
				presentParams.BackBufferHeight	= Height;
				presentParams.BackBufferFormat	= Depth;
				presentParams.FullScreenRefreshRateInHz = RefreshRate;

				this.FormBorderstyle = System.Windows.Forms.FormBorderstyle.None;
			} else {
				this.FormBorderstyle = System.Windows.Forms.FormBorderstyle.FixedSingle;
			}

			if (device != null) {
				try {
					device.TestCooperativeLevel();
					device.Reset(presentParams);
				} catch(DeviceLostException) {
					presentParams = (PresentParameters)oldParams.Clone();
					deviceLost = true;
					return false;
				} catch {
					presentParams = (PresentParameters)oldParams.Clone();
					device.Reset(presentParams);
					return false;
				}
			}

			return true;
		}

		public void InitializeDevice(bool fullScreen) {
			presentParams = new PresentParameters();

			presentParams.SwapEffect = SwapEffect.Discard;
			presentParams.Windowed = !fullScreen;
			if (fullScreen) {
				presentParams.BackBufferCount	= 1;
				presentParams.BackBufferWidth	= this.ClientSize.Width;
				presentParams.BackBufferHeight	= this.ClientSize.Height;
				presentParams.BackBufferFormat	= Manager.Adapters[0].CurrentDisplayMode.Format;
				presentParams.FullScreenRefreshRateInHz = Manager.Adapters[0].CurrentDisplayMode.RefreshRate;
			}

			device = new Device(0, DeviceType.Hardware, this, CreateFlags.SoftwareVertexProcessing, presentParams);
			device.DeviceReset += new System.EventHandler(this.OnResetDevice);
			this.OnResetDevice(device, null);
			device.Reset(presentParams);
		}

		public void OnResetDevice(object sender, EventArgs e) {
			Device dev = (Device)sender;
			// Turn off culling, so we see the front and back of the triangle
			dev.RenderState.CullMode = Cull.None;
			// Set Surface to Wireframe to show only the edges
//			dev.RenderState.FillMode = FillMode.WireFrame;
			// Turn off D3D lighting, since we are providing our own vertex colors
			dev.RenderState.Lighting = false;
		}

		
		private void DefineVertex() {
		
//			Vector3 p1 = new Vector3(-1f, -1f, 0f);
//			Vector3 p2 = new Vector3(1f, -1f, 0f);
//			Vector3 p3 = new Vector3(0f, 1f, 0f);
//			Vector3 p4 = new Vector3(0f, 0f, 3f);

//			verts = new CustomVertex.PositionColored[6];

//			verts[0].Position = p1;
//			verts[0].Color = Color.Red.ToArgb();    

//			verts[1].Position = p2;
//			verts[1].Color = Color.Green.ToArgb();

//			verts[2].Position = p3;
//			verts[2].Color = Color.Blue.ToArgb();  

//			verts[3].Position = p4;
//			verts[3].Color = Color.White.ToArgb();  

//			verts[4].Position = p1;
//			verts[4].Color = Color.Red.ToArgb();    

//			verts[5].Position = p2;
//			verts[5].Color = Color.Green.ToArgb();

			verts = new CustomVertex.PositionColored[5];

			verts[0].Position = new Vector3(-1f, 0f, 0f);
			verts[0].Color = Color.White.ToArgb();

			verts[1].Position = new Vector3(0f, 0f, 0f);
			verts[1].Color = Color.White.ToArgb();

			verts[2].Position = new Vector3(1f, 0f, 0f);
			verts[2].Color = Color.White.ToArgb();

			verts[3].Position = new Vector3(0f, 1f, 0f);
			verts[3].Color = Color.White.ToArgb();

			verts[4].Position = new Vector3(1f, 1f, 0f);
			verts[4].Color = Color.White.ToArgb();


			vertexBuffer = new VertexBuffer(typeof(CustomVertex.PositionColored), 5, device, Usage.Dynamic | Usage.WriteOnly, CustomVertex.PositionColored.Format, Pool.Default);
			vertexBuffer.SetData(verts, 0 ,LockFlags.None);
		}

		private void DefineIndex() {
			indexBuffer = new IndexBuffer(typeof(int), 6, device, 0, Pool.Default);

			indices = new int[6];
			
			indices[0] = 3;
			indices[1] = 1;
			indices[2] = 0;
			indices[3] = 4;
			indices[4] = 2;
			indices[5] = 1;

			indexBuffer.SetData(indices, 0, LockFlags.None);
		}
		
		private void SetupCamera() {
			// For our world matrix, we will just rotate the object about the y-axis.

			// Set up the rotation matrix to generate 1 full rotation (2*PI radians) 
			// every 1000 ms. To avoid the loss of precision inherent in very high 
			// floating point numbers, the system time is modulated by the rotation 
			// period before conversion to a radian angle.
//			int  iTime  = Environment.TickCount % 1000;
//			float fAngle = iTime * (2.0f * (float)Math.PI) / 1000.0f;
//			device.Transform.World = Matrix.Translation(-5,-10*1/3,0)*Matrix.RotationAxis(new Vector3(fAngle*4,fAngle*2,fAngle*3), fAngle);

			// User controled rotation
			device.Transform.World = Matrix.RotationY(fAngleY)*Matrix.RotationX(fAngleX)*Matrix.RotationZ(fAngleZ);

			// Set up our view matrix. A view matrix can be defined given an eye point,
			// a point to lookat, and a direction for which way is up. Here, we set the
			// eye five units back along the z-axis and up three units, look at the
			// origin, and define "up" to be in the y-direction.
			Vector3 origin = new Vector3(fCameradX,fCameradY,fCameradZ);
			Vector3 direction = new Vector3(0f, 0f, 0f);
			Vector3 align = new Vector3(0f, 1f, 0f);
			device.Transform.View = Matrix.LookAtLH(origin, direction, align);

			// For the projection matrix, we set up a perspective transform (which
			// transforms geometry from 3D view space to 2D viewport space, with
			// a perspective divide making objects smaller in the distance). To build
			// a perpsective transform, we need the field of view (1/4 pi is common),
			// the aspect ratio, and the near and far clipping planes (which define at
			// what distances geometry should be no longer be rendered).
			float fieldOfViewY = (float)Math.PI / 4;
			float aspectRadio = this.ClientSize.Width/this.ClientSize.Height;
			float znearPlane = 1.0f;
			float zfarPlane = 100.0f;
			device.Transform.Projection = Matrix.PerspectiveFovLH(fieldOfViewY, aspectRadio, znearPlane, zfarPlane);
		}

		public void Render() {
			if (deviceLost) {
				try {
					device.TestCooperativeLevel();
					device.Reset(presentParams);
					deviceLost = false;
				} catch {
					return;
				}
			}
			
			try {
				device.TestCooperativeLevel();

				device.Clear(ClearFlags.Target, Color.Black, 1.0f, 0);
				device.BeginScene();

				SetupCamera();

				device.VertexFormat = CustomVertex.PositionColored.Format;
				device.SetStreamSource(0, vertexBuffer, 0);
				device.Indices = indexBuffer;

//				device.DrawUserPrimitives(PrimitiveType.TriangleStrip, 2, verts);
				device.DrawIndexedPrimitives(PrimitiveType.TriangleList, 0, 0, 5, 0, 2);

				device.EndScene();
				device.Present();
			} catch(DeviceLostException) {
				deviceLost = true;
				return;
			}
		}




		protected override void OnPaint(System.Windows.Forms.PaintEventArgs e) {
			Render();
			this.Invalidate();
		}

		protected override void OnKeyDown(System.Windows.Forms.KeyEventArgs e) {
			if (e.KeyCode == System.Windows.Forms.Keys.Escape) this.Close(); // Esc was pressed
//			if (e.KeyCode == System.Windows.Forms.Keys.Left) {
//				fCameradX += 0.1f;
//			}
//			if (e.KeyCode == System.Windows.Forms.Keys.Right) {
//				fCameradX -= 0.1f;
//			}
//			if (e.KeyCode == System.Windows.Forms.Keys.Up) {
//				fCameradY += 0.1f;
//			}
//			if (e.KeyCode == System.Windows.Forms.Keys.Down) {
//				fCameradY -= 0.1f;
//			}
//			if (e.KeyCode == System.Windows.Forms.Keys.PageUp) {
//				fCameradZ += 0.1f;
//			}
//			if (e.KeyCode == System.Windows.Forms.Keys.PageDown) {
//				fCameradZ -= 0.1f;
//			}
			if (e.KeyCode == System.Windows.Forms.Keys.Left) {
				fAngleY -= (float)((10.0/180.0)*Math.PI);
			}
			if (e.KeyCode == System.Windows.Forms.Keys.Right) {
				fAngleY += (float)((10.0/180.0)*Math.PI);
			}
			if (e.KeyCode == System.Windows.Forms.Keys.Up) {
				fAngleX -= (float)((10.0/180.0)*Math.PI);
			}
			if (e.KeyCode == System.Windows.Forms.Keys.Down) {
				fAngleX += (float)((10.0/180.0)*Math.PI);
			}
			if (e.KeyCode == System.Windows.Forms.Keys.PageUp) {
				fAngleZ -= (float)((10.0/180.0)*Math.PI);
			}
			if (e.KeyCode == System.Windows.Forms.Keys.PageDown) {
				fAngleZ += (float)((10.0/180.0)*Math.PI);
			}
		}

		/// <summary>
		/// The main entry point for the apresentParamslication.
		/// </summary>
		[STAThread]
		static void Main() {
		
			using (WinForm f = new WinForm()) {
				f.InitializeDevice(false);
				f.DefineVertex();
				f.DefineIndex();
				f.SetupCamera();
				f.Show();
				while(f.Created) {
					f.Render();
					Application.DoEvents();			
				}
			}
		}
	}
}


Please can you help me into finding where is the error. Thanks. [Edited by - Coder on November 14, 2004 12:56:43 AM]

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