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Surg AKA Kunark

Stream Output

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Hey, I was wondering if anyone knows how to fix this problem. I have a loop that outputs to a file, each time it loops it outputs the following stringarray \t Mark \n Okay, so everything goes out right, but, because of the newline that i put out to the stream, when i try to load the names back into the program, it does everything right but sometimes it reads in an extra value, im assuming the newline, and sometimes it doesn't. I know if I go to the file and press delete once at the end of the file it fixes it, but I was wondering, is their away to go into the file, take the very last line, and if it is a new line delete that line? THank you for the help in advance :)

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Okay, Im not exactly sure how I would do that, just ignore it when Im reading it.

Here is my function, it is reading in students

Function: void LoadStudent()
Description: This function loads the student file
Parameters: None
Returns: void - For now

void LoadStudent(char szName[10][32], double* dMark, int* iStudentCount){

fstream DataFile("MarksReport.txt", ios::in);
if (DataFile.fail()) {
cout << "File could not be opened or is missing";
cout << "\nPlease make sure file is in proper path\n";

int i=*iStudentCount;

while( !DataFile.eof() )
DataFile >> szName;
DataFile >> dMark;



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Well, the first mistake you made is .eof().

never loop like that with eof.

it's best to do all the stream reading in the while loop conditional.


while( DataFile >> szName >> dMark ) { ... }

In this case, that change will even solve your current problem.

edit: (if you're looking for why, there have been dozens of threads, and google will probably help. in short: it's not eof until you attempt to read past the end of the file, not just up to it)

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Aye, thanks for the help :) I will do that, never seen a wihle loop coded like that before, Also thanks for the info about the eof, I never knew that either, I feel like I learn something new everytime I read GameDev lol. Like something I just learned, I say lol waaaaaaaaaaaaaaay to much.

Thanks again for the help.

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Your design has some serious problems:

- You are using all your parameters as output parameters, and passing by pointer to acheive that rather than by reference (which would be preferred in C++). Having "all" of them be output isn't necessarily so bad, but there isn't really any structure to it; you have these parallel lists instead of a list of "students".
- char arrays for text data are bad bad bad. Just don't do it. Evil 80s era hackage.
- You're trying to maintain an array, by passing in the current endpoint and returning the resulting new endpoint. STL to the rescue...
- As mentioned, there's a much nicer idiom for the looping.
- You don't need a "return" at the end of a void function. Meanwhile, however, your function doesn't communicate back to the main program to let it know that file loading failed - it just communicates to the user. That's bad. Doing the actual printing in the function is bad style as well - too much responsibility.
- Hard-coding the file name is probably a bad idea. At least, hard-coding it *here* is. You might need to load students from more than one file in the same program run, in the future.

// A "student". Later, change "struct" to "class" and give the
// thing appropriate functionality.
struct Student {
std::string name;
double mark;

// Adds students to the end of the input Student vector.
// Returns whether successful at opening the file.
// (Actually, using an exception may be a better idea...)
// Look how much shorter and clearer it is! And you will never
// have a problem if a student has a longer name, or if there
// are too many students; and you don't have to remember how
// many students there were in the first place...
bool loadStudents(vector<Student>& enrolment, std::string filename){
// "ifstream" is automatically for input, implying ios::in.
ifstream DataFile(filename.c_str());
if (DataFile.fail()) return false;

// Otherwise, read the students in to the vector.
Student current;
while( DataFile >> current.name >> current.mark ) {
// Successfully input the student, so copy it into the vector
// at the end.
return true;
// Calling code can just call the .size() method of the vector
// to find out how many students there are after the loading.

As I mentioned, it probably should use exceptions instead of a return value (to handle corrupt data in a file for example) - also, it probably should do something about the exceptions that might be raised by the I/O operations themselves. But I don't know very much about C++'s exception system, so I will let you look that stuff up for yourself [smile]

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