# OpenGL setting up OpenGL in VC.NET 2002

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hi all i started a project in VC.NET, i picked on win32 application, then changed my selection to console application. here is my code:


// test1.cpp : Defines the entry point for the console application.
//

#include <windows.h>
#include "stdafx.h"
#include <iostream>
//#include <gl/gl.h>
//#include <gl/glu.h>
#include <gl/glut.h>

using namespace std;

int main()
{

std::cout << "this is a test" << endl;
return 0;
}


you'll notice i have gl and glu.h commented out. this is why i get all these errors when i try to build the application...it seems like all of the errors that the compiler does not like is in gl.h saying stuff about WINGDIAPI and APIENTRY and how it is a redefinition... funny how glut didnt give me any trouble. also even though i have glut.h included how do i add the .lib files to the project? i am SO used to VC6 that this is a little bit different. thank you so much for your time and help..

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To add the libraries, either do:

#pragma comment ( lib, "glu32.lib" )#pragma comment ( lib, "opengl32.lib" )#pragma comment ( lib, "glut.lib" )

or (as that is compiler specific) go to Projects -> Properties, Linker, Command Line, and add the 3 libraries above (this is in 2003, but I'm sure it's similar).

As for commenting out gl/glu headers... You don't need to manually include them if you have glut. If you look in glut.h, you'll see it includes gl/glu already for you.

Try adding the libraries and rebuilding. Make sure you have choosen a Win32 Console Application. If there's still errors, post them.

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That's an odd error indeed. Try removing the precompiled headers, that's the only thing I can think of that would be the problem there. Either remove them, or move the inclusion of windows.h to after the precompiled header has been included.
I usually have precompiled headers first, then the standard C++ libraries, then API libraries (Win32, GL, Glut, SDL, etc.), then custom project headers.

Can I ask why you have "using namespace std;" and then are using "std::cout", also?

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Never include windows.h if you already include glut.h! You also don't need gl.h and glu.h if you use glut.

Good luck,
Pat.

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Quote:
 Original post by DogganTry adding the libraries and rebuilding. Make sure you have choosen a Win32 Console Application. If there's still errors, post them.

I can't see this being a problem with the libraries, because they're the last thing to be linked into the project. If it were a problem with libraries, it'd be a linker error, not a compile-time error.

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Quote:
 or (as that is compiler specific) go to Projects -> Properties, Linker, Command Line, and add the 3 libraries above (this is in 2003, but I'm sure it's similar).As for commenting out gl/glu headers... You don't need to manually include them if you have glut. If you look in glut.h, you'll see it includes gl/glu already for you.Try adding the libraries and rebuilding. Make sure you have choosen a Win32 Console Application. If there's still errors, post them.

hi again.. thanks for your input, i deleted the window, gl and glu.h lines. however i do not see where Project->Properties is. properties is not in projects..VC6 it was like this and as you say 2003.. but its not set up that way in 2002..evidently..

i am still looking, i havent stopped.. any ideas? anyone out there use .NET 2002?

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You need to be creating a Win32 GDI app I believe. The console applications are text only, so OGL won't do you much good.

Console apps don't include GDI stuff, thats the WINGDIAPI error.

Start over as a non-console win32 app.

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i dont want to use just a win32 app b/c i want to write something with glut and something that is portable. as someone said, glut.h include the gl and glu headers so that worked out well.

i see where i can go to projects->properties.. but i dont see the link tab/selection to add the libraries to the command line...:(

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here is my updated code.. it looks like all the lib files were already included.. including glut32.lib. here is my code.. it compiles fine, 0 errors and 0 warnings, but no window opens up.. i just get the print out to the console...

// test1.cpp : Defines the entry point for the console application.//#include "stdafx.h"#include <iostream>#include <gl/glut.h>using namespace std;void draw() {	glClear(GL_COLOR_BUFFER_BIT);	glBegin(GL_TRIANGLES);		glVertex3f(-0.5,-0.5,0.0);		glVertex3f(0.5,0.0,0.0);		glVertex3f(0.0,0.5,0.0);	glEnd();	glFlush();}int main(int argc, char **argv){	std::cout << "this is a test" << endl;	glutInit(&argc, argv);	glutInitDisplayMode(GLUT_DEPTH | GLUT_SINGLE | GLUT_RGBA);	glutInitWindowPosition(100,100);	glutInitWindowSize(320,320);	glutCreateWindow("3D Tech- GLUT Tutorial");	glutDisplayFunc(draw);        glutMainLoop(); //<--- forgot to add this per last post :)	return 0;}

[Edited by - OpenGL_Guru on February 14, 2005 8:21:06 PM]

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Quote:
 Original post by OpenGL_Gurui dont want to use just a win32 app b/c i want to write something with glut and something that is portable. as someone said, glut.h include the gl and glu headers so that worked out well.i see where i can go to projects->properties.. but i dont see the link tab/selection to add the libraries to the command line...:(

Oh, right. Sorry, somehow it slipped my mind what glut was there for :)

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hey guys i forgot to add the glutMainLoop() call.. it all works now.. i have to work on the glutIdleFunc() but i got it rendering...

here is the deal just in case you are wondering...maybe i should make a new thread of how to get openGL set up in .NET2002..

go to Tools --> Options

a tree to the left gives you a list. click on projects. a sub tree expands.
click VC++ Directories.

now you will get 2 drop down menus at the top.

in the show directories drop down menu, scroll down to library files.
by default(at least in mine) the default VC.NET lib and include files are already there but this is where you would add new .lib files or any other include files if you would like to do that and save you space at the top of your header files. this is what i have found out. thanks you guys for your help :)

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