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    • By Jens Eckervogt
      Hello guys, 
       
      Please tell me! 
      How do I know? Why does wavefront not show for me?
      I already checked I have non errors yet.
      using OpenTK; using System; using System.Collections.Generic; using System.IO; namespace Tutorial_08.net.sourceskyboxer { public class WaveFrontLoader { private static List<Vector3> vertices; private static List<Vector2> textures; private static List<Vector3> normals; private static List<int> indices; private static float[] verticesArray; private static float[] normalsArray; private static float[] texturesArray; private static int[] indicesArray; private static string[] lines; public static RawModel LoadObjModel(string filename, Loader loader) { if (!File.Exists("Contents/" + filename + ".obj")) { throw new FileNotFoundException("Error: wavefront file doesn't exist path: " + filename + ".png"); } vertices = new List<Vector3>(); textures = new List<Vector2>(); normals = new List<Vector3>(); indices = new List<int>(); lines = File.ReadAllLines("Contents/" + filename + ".obj"); try { foreach (string line in lines) { if (line == "" || line.StartsWith("#")) continue; string[] token = line.Split(' '); switch(token[0]) { case ("o"): string o = token[1]; break; case "v": Vector3 vertex = new Vector3(float.Parse(token[1]), float.Parse(token[2]), float.Parse(token[3])); vertices.Add(vertex); break; case "vn": Vector3 normal = new Vector3(float.Parse(token[1]), float.Parse(token[2]), float.Parse(token[3])); normals.Add(normal); break; case "vt": Vector2 texture = new Vector2(float.Parse(token[1]), float.Parse(token[2])); textures.Add(texture); break; case "f": texturesArray = new float[vertices.Count * 2]; normalsArray = new float[vertices.Count * 3]; verticesArray = new float[vertices.Count * 3]; indicesArray = new int[indices.Count]; int vertexPointer = 0; foreach (Vector3 vex in vertices) { verticesArray[vertexPointer++] = vex.X; verticesArray[vertexPointer++] = vex.Y; verticesArray[vertexPointer++] = vex.Z; } for (int i = 0; i < indices.Count; i++) { indicesArray[i] = indices[i]; } break; } } } catch (FileNotFoundException f) { throw new FileNotFoundException($"OBJ file not found: {f.FileName}", f); } catch (ArgumentException ae) { throw new ArgumentException("OBJ file is damaged", ae); } return loader.loadToVAO(verticesArray, texturesArray, indicesArray); } } } And It have tried other method but it can't show for me.  I am mad now. Because any OpenTK developers won't help me.
      Please help me how do I fix.

      And my download (mega.nz) should it is original but I tried no success...
      - Add blend source and png file here I have tried tried,.....  
       
      PS: Why is our community not active? I wait very longer. Stop to lie me!
      Thanks !
    • By codelyoko373
      I wasn't sure if this would be the right place for a topic like this so sorry if it isn't.
      I'm currently working on a project for Uni using FreeGLUT to make a simple solar system simulation. I've got to the point where I've implemented all the planets and have used a Scene Graph to link them all together. The issue I'm having with now though is basically the planets and moons orbit correctly at their own orbit speeds.
      I'm not really experienced with using matrices for stuff like this so It's likely why I can't figure out how exactly to get it working. This is where I'm applying the transformation matrices, as well as pushing and popping them. This is within the Render function that every planet including the sun and moons will have and run.
      if (tag != "Sun") { glRotatef(orbitAngle, orbitRotation.X, orbitRotation.Y, orbitRotation.Z); } glPushMatrix(); glTranslatef(position.X, position.Y, position.Z); glRotatef(rotationAngle, rotation.X, rotation.Y, rotation.Z); glScalef(scale.X, scale.Y, scale.Z); glDrawElements(GL_TRIANGLES, mesh->indiceCount, GL_UNSIGNED_SHORT, mesh->indices); if (tag != "Sun") { glPopMatrix(); } The "If(tag != "Sun")" parts are my attempts are getting the planets to orbit correctly though it likely isn't the way I'm meant to be doing it. So I was wondering if someone would be able to help me? As I really don't have an idea on what I would do to get it working. Using the if statement is truthfully the closest I've got to it working but there are still weird effects like the planets orbiting faster then they should depending on the number of planets actually be updated/rendered.
    • By Jens Eckervogt
      Hello everyone, 
      I have problem with texture
      using System; using OpenTK; using OpenTK.Input; using OpenTK.Graphics; using OpenTK.Graphics.OpenGL4; using System.Drawing; using System.Reflection; namespace Tutorial_05 { class Game : GameWindow { private static int WIDTH = 1200; private static int HEIGHT = 720; private static KeyboardState keyState; private int vaoID; private int vboID; private int iboID; private Vector3[] vertices = { new Vector3(-0.5f, 0.5f, 0.0f), // V0 new Vector3(-0.5f, -0.5f, 0.0f), // V1 new Vector3(0.5f, -0.5f, 0.0f), // V2 new Vector3(0.5f, 0.5f, 0.0f) // V3 }; private Vector2[] texcoords = { new Vector2(0, 0), new Vector2(0, 1), new Vector2(1, 1), new Vector2(1, 0) }; private int[] indices = { 0, 1, 3, 3, 1, 2 }; private string vertsrc = @"#version 450 core in vec3 position; in vec2 textureCoords; out vec2 pass_textureCoords; void main(void) { gl_Position = vec4(position, 1.0); pass_textureCoords = textureCoords; }"; private string fragsrc = @"#version 450 core in vec2 pass_textureCoords; out vec4 out_color; uniform sampler2D textureSampler; void main(void) { out_color = texture(textureSampler, pass_textureCoords); }"; private int programID; private int vertexShaderID; private int fragmentShaderID; private int textureID; private Bitmap texsrc; public Game() : base(WIDTH, HEIGHT, GraphicsMode.Default, "Tutorial 05 - Texturing", GameWindowFlags.Default, DisplayDevice.Default, 4, 5, GraphicsContextFlags.Default) { } protected override void OnLoad(EventArgs e) { base.OnLoad(e); CursorVisible = true; GL.GenVertexArrays(1, out vaoID); GL.BindVertexArray(vaoID); GL.GenBuffers(1, out vboID); GL.BindBuffer(BufferTarget.ArrayBuffer, vboID); GL.BufferData(BufferTarget.ArrayBuffer, (IntPtr)(vertices.Length * Vector3.SizeInBytes), vertices, BufferUsageHint.StaticDraw); GL.GenBuffers(1, out iboID); GL.BindBuffer(BufferTarget.ElementArrayBuffer, iboID); GL.BufferData(BufferTarget.ElementArrayBuffer, (IntPtr)(indices.Length * sizeof(int)), indices, BufferUsageHint.StaticDraw); vertexShaderID = GL.CreateShader(ShaderType.VertexShader); GL.ShaderSource(vertexShaderID, vertsrc); GL.CompileShader(vertexShaderID); fragmentShaderID = GL.CreateShader(ShaderType.FragmentShader); GL.ShaderSource(fragmentShaderID, fragsrc); GL.CompileShader(fragmentShaderID); programID = GL.CreateProgram(); GL.AttachShader(programID, vertexShaderID); GL.AttachShader(programID, fragmentShaderID); GL.LinkProgram(programID); // Loading texture from embedded resource texsrc = new Bitmap(Assembly.GetEntryAssembly().GetManifestResourceStream("Tutorial_05.example.png")); textureID = GL.GenTexture(); GL.BindTexture(TextureTarget.Texture2D, textureID); GL.TexParameter(TextureTarget.Texture2D, TextureParameterName.TextureMagFilter, (int)All.Linear); GL.TexParameter(TextureTarget.Texture2D, TextureParameterName.TextureMinFilter, (int)All.Linear); GL.TexImage2D(TextureTarget.Texture2D, 0, PixelInternalFormat.Rgba, texsrc.Width, texsrc.Height, 0, PixelFormat.Bgra, PixelType.UnsignedByte, IntPtr.Zero); System.Drawing.Imaging.BitmapData bitmap_data = texsrc.LockBits(new Rectangle(0, 0, texsrc.Width, texsrc.Height), System.Drawing.Imaging.ImageLockMode.ReadOnly, System.Drawing.Imaging.PixelFormat.Format32bppRgb); GL.TexSubImage2D(TextureTarget.Texture2D, 0, 0, 0, texsrc.Width, texsrc.Height, PixelFormat.Bgra, PixelType.UnsignedByte, bitmap_data.Scan0); texsrc.UnlockBits(bitmap_data); GL.Enable(EnableCap.Texture2D); GL.BufferData(BufferTarget.TextureBuffer, (IntPtr)(texcoords.Length * Vector2.SizeInBytes), texcoords, BufferUsageHint.StaticDraw); GL.BindAttribLocation(programID, 0, "position"); GL.BindAttribLocation(programID, 1, "textureCoords"); } protected override void OnResize(EventArgs e) { base.OnResize(e); GL.Viewport(0, 0, ClientRectangle.Width, ClientRectangle.Height); } protected override void OnUpdateFrame(FrameEventArgs e) { base.OnUpdateFrame(e); keyState = Keyboard.GetState(); if (keyState.IsKeyDown(Key.Escape)) { Exit(); } } protected override void OnRenderFrame(FrameEventArgs e) { base.OnRenderFrame(e); // Prepare for background GL.Clear(ClearBufferMask.ColorBufferBit); GL.ClearColor(Color4.Red); // Draw traingles GL.EnableVertexAttribArray(0); GL.EnableVertexAttribArray(1); GL.BindVertexArray(vaoID); GL.UseProgram(programID); GL.BindBuffer(BufferTarget.ArrayBuffer, vboID); GL.VertexAttribPointer(0, 3, VertexAttribPointerType.Float, false, 0, IntPtr.Zero); GL.ActiveTexture(TextureUnit.Texture0); GL.BindTexture(TextureTarget.Texture3D, textureID); GL.BindBuffer(BufferTarget.ElementArrayBuffer, iboID); GL.DrawElements(BeginMode.Triangles, indices.Length, DrawElementsType.UnsignedInt, 0); GL.DisableVertexAttribArray(0); GL.DisableVertexAttribArray(1); SwapBuffers(); } protected override void OnClosed(EventArgs e) { base.OnClosed(e); GL.DeleteVertexArray(vaoID); GL.DeleteBuffer(vboID); } } } I can not remember where do I add GL.Uniform2();
    • By Jens Eckervogt
      Hello everyone
      For @80bserver8 nice job - I have found Google search. How did you port from Javascript WebGL to C# OpenTK.?
      I have been searched Google but it shows f***ing Unity 3D. I really want know how do I understand I want start with OpenTK But I want know where is porting of Javascript and C#?
       
      Thanks!
    • By mike44
      Hi
      I draw in a OpenGL framebuffer. All is fine but it eats FPS (frames per second), hence I wonder if I could execute the framebuffer drawing only every 5-10th loop or so?
      Many thanks
       
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OpenGL Renderer-independant mesh handling

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Herro I'm looking for ideas on abstracting renderer objects (mesh, texture, etc) from the renderer implementation that uses them (DirectX, OpenGL, etc). Here's my plan of attack, using a mesh as an example: I have a CMesh class that has a function, Load(std::string &strFilename), that will load a mesh from disk into a polygon list. This bit works fine - I have the mesh data loaded into the CMesh class. My application can access the mesh data and do whatever it needs to do to it, animate it, etc. The renderer, however, prefers the mesh data be locked away in video card memory somewhere and in a format specific to the renderer implementation, e.g. DirectX wants the data to be copied into a Vertex Buffer or similar. If the local mesh data gets updated, the renderer is notified that it needs to update its own copy. This is fine, but it essentially means the mesh data will exist in memory twice - once in the application-supported format and once in the renderer's format. Is this method OK? The main disadvantage is the mesh existing in memory twice (once in system RAM and once in the video card's RAM). I guess also that if the application doesn't need to access and alter the mesh data, then the local data could be freed after uploading to the renderer. Does anyone have other ways to acheive the overall goal of renderer-independant mesh handling? Thanks Joel Malone

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You can lock the mesh buffers in video memory and retrieve pointers to the index, vertex and attribute buffers whenever you want to manipulate the data, I'm not sure about timings, but you can test it and see. It would save you from having two copies of the mesh data.

As for the renderer specific resource handling, I would look into implementing some kind of abstract factory to control the creation of your objects. Try googling for abstract factory design pattern.

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You can have a CStaticMesh and a CDynamicMesh class where the first dumps everything in video memory while the other one is smarter and keeps a copy in system memory for quick updates. Both derive from a CBaseMesh class where the reading API is not defined; CDynamicMesh defines that API, but the CBaseMesh* is carried around in the scene DAG. Surely, when you load the scene data you must know what is static from what is going to be animated. Most games load the scenery data first and then the character models. The exception would be for fully destructible scenery where everything is pretty much dynamic. Therefore you would need to implement some sort of dirty flag where you need to 'page in' the vertex data out of the video card on demand and the CMesh class marks it as a R/W rather than a R/O class. The actual implementation of the CStaticMesh and CDynamicMesh classes would depend on the API being used. But at least the semantics is made at a higher level in the application.

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