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wizardpc

Ray Picking and Heightmap terrain

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im making a rts and successfuly got my terrain engine to work. It uses a heightmap. my question is, if i click on a point somewhere on the terrain, i want to know how to check which triangle the user clicked. I know how to do this using D3DXIntersect . I don't know how to convert my terrain data, into a mesh to use this technique. I don't really want an optimized code, just something that is easy and will work. any help or guidence is greatly appreciated.

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How is your terrain built? Using a binary triangle tree? If so, I would go down through the tree using a ray-plane intersect test (D3DXPlaneIntersectLine) at each level until you get to the leaf level which will then give you the intersect point and distance. You will need to un-project the screen co-ordinates first to get a point and vector for the intersection test. I did this using...


D3DVIEWPORT9 viewport;
D3DXMATRIX projectionMatrix, viewMatrix, worldMatrix;
D3DXVECTOR3 screenNear((float)in_screenX, (float)in_screenY, 0.0f);
D3DXVECTOR3 screenFar((float)in_screenX, (float)in_screenY, 1.0f);
D3DXVECTOR3 intersectPoint, nearPoint, farPoint, direction;
FLOAT dist=0.0f;

// convert to 3d
IDirect3DDevice9 *pDevice=in_engine.m_d3dDevice;
pDevice->GetViewport(&viewport);
pDevice->GetTransform(D3DTS_PROJECTION, &projectionMatrix);
pDevice->GetTransform(D3DTS_VIEW, &viewMatrix);
pDevice->GetTransform(D3DTS_WORLD, &worldMatrix);
D3DXVec3Unproject(&nearPoint, &screenNear, &viewport, &projectionMatrix, &viewMatrix, &worldMatrix);
D3DXVec3Unproject(&farPoint, &screenFar, &viewport, &projectionMatrix, &viewMatrix, &worldMatrix);
direction=farPoint-nearPoint;
D3DXVec3Normalize(&direction, &direction);


There may be a quicker way of doing it, but this would be my first stop. Obviously if you have a quadtree or octtree for your tiles you would traverse this first.

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I used quadtree to optimize my ray picking routine. It is very simple and fast to implement. If your terrain is huge, ray picking will slow down the process of computation. I suggest you incorporate quad tree implementation to get you computations faster. Inplementing quad trees will also allow you to do rendering optimizations.

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