Jump to content
  • Advertisement
Sign in to follow this  
Red Park

how to program not in command promt

This topic is 4868 days old which is more than the 365 day threshold we allow for new replies. Please post a new topic.

If you intended to correct an error in the post then please contact us.

Recommended Posts

I'm learning C++ and I know the basics of the language and can make text based programmes in command promt. But I want to start using grafics/polygons, I want to use a window for it but how do you do that. So I would like giudence for setting up a gui. thanks in advance

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites
Advertisement
The easiest way to start working with windows is to use something like SDL, 'specially if you want to use graphics (note the correct spelling) and polygons, since you can set up an OpenGL context with a few lines. If you plan on using D3D however, I did find some tutorials ages ago when I made a Google search, but I'm sure somebody can provide you with links if you have any trouble finding some.

Since you're learning C++, I'm going to suggest you try and read bitmaps without the help of APIs, since it'll teach you a fair bit when it comes to learning C/C++, and you can use the resulting code to load images for rendering.

A GUI on the other hand takes a bit more work. You can usually whip up something fairly simple fairly quickly, providing you have the basics (text rendering, etc.) already implemented. If you don't have anything, it can take a fair bit longer, or you can skulk around the net for a GUI that's already been implemented, but unless it's under a non-restrictive license (LGPL for example), you probably wont be able to use it in apps you plan on selling.

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites
I will just add this, I use Dev-C++ that has a template for OpenGL. The thing is, I don't know how to use it

this is it

/**************************
* Includes
*
**************************/


#include <windows.h>
#include <gl/gl.h>


/**************************
* Function Declarations
*
**************************/


LRESULT CALLBACK WndProc (HWND hWnd, UINT message,
WPARAM wParam, LPARAM lParam);
void EnableOpenGL (HWND hWnd, HDC *hDC, HGLRC *hRC);
void DisableOpenGL (HWND hWnd, HDC hDC, HGLRC hRC);


/**************************
* WinMain
*
**************************/


int WINAPI WinMain (HINSTANCE hInstance,
HINSTANCE hPrevInstance,
LPSTR lpCmdLine,
int iCmdShow)
{
WNDCLASS wc;
HWND hWnd;
HDC hDC;
HGLRC hRC;
MSG msg;
BOOL bQuit = FALSE;
float theta = 0.0f;

/* register window class */
wc.style = CS_OWNDC;
wc.lpfnWndProc = WndProc;
wc.cbClsExtra = 0;
wc.cbWndExtra = 0;
wc.hInstance = hInstance;
wc.hIcon = LoadIcon (NULL, IDI_APPLICATION);
wc.hCursor = LoadCursor (NULL, IDC_ARROW);
wc.hbrBackground = (HBRUSH) GetStockObject (BLACK_BRUSH);
wc.lpszMenuName = NULL;
wc.lpszClassName = "GLSample";
RegisterClass (&wc);

/* create main window */
hWnd = CreateWindow (
"GLSample", "OpenGL Sample",
WS_CAPTION | WS_POPUPWINDOW | WS_VISIBLE,
0, 0, 256, 256,
NULL, NULL, hInstance, NULL);

/* enable OpenGL for the window */
EnableOpenGL (hWnd, &hDC, &hRC);

/* program main loop */
while (!bQuit)
{
/* check for messages */
if (PeekMessage (&msg, NULL, 0, 0, PM_REMOVE))
{
/* handle or dispatch messages */
if (msg.message == WM_QUIT)
{
bQuit = TRUE;
}
else
{
TranslateMessage (&msg);
DispatchMessage (&msg);
}
}
else
{
/* OpenGL animation code goes here */

glClearColor (0.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f);
glClear (GL_COLOR_BUFFER_BIT);

glPushMatrix ();
glRotatef (theta, 0.0f, 0.0f, 1.0f);
glBegin (GL_TRIANGLES);
glColor3f (1.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f); glVertex2f (0.0f, 1.0f);
glColor3f (0.0f, 1.0f, 0.0f); glVertex2f (0.87f, -0.5f);
glColor3f (0.0f, 0.0f, 1.0f); glVertex2f (-0.87f, -0.5f);
glEnd ();
glPopMatrix ();

SwapBuffers (hDC);

theta += 1.0f;
Sleep (1);
}
}

/* shutdown OpenGL */
DisableOpenGL (hWnd, hDC, hRC);

/* destroy the window explicitly */
DestroyWindow (hWnd);

return msg.wParam;
}


/********************
* Window Procedure
*
********************/


LRESULT CALLBACK WndProc (HWND hWnd, UINT message,
WPARAM wParam, LPARAM lParam)
{

switch (message)
{
case WM_CREATE:
return 0;
case WM_CLOSE:
PostQuitMessage (0);
return 0;

case WM_DESTROY:
return 0;

case WM_KEYDOWN:
switch (wParam)
{
case VK_ESCAPE:
PostQuitMessage(0);
return 0;
}
return 0;

default:
return DefWindowProc (hWnd, message, wParam, lParam);
}
}


/*******************
* Enable OpenGL
*
*******************/


void EnableOpenGL (HWND hWnd, HDC *hDC, HGLRC *hRC)
{
PIXELFORMATDESCRIPTOR pfd;
int iFormat;

/* get the device context (DC) */
*hDC = GetDC (hWnd);

/* set the pixel format for the DC */
ZeroMemory (&pfd, sizeof (pfd));
pfd.nSize = sizeof (pfd);
pfd.nVersion = 1;
pfd.dwFlags = PFD_DRAW_TO_WINDOW |
PFD_SUPPORT_OPENGL | PFD_DOUBLEBUFFER;
pfd.iPixelType = PFD_TYPE_RGBA;
pfd.cColorBits = 24;
pfd.cDepthBits = 16;
pfd.iLayerType = PFD_MAIN_PLANE;
iFormat = ChoosePixelFormat (*hDC, &pfd);
SetPixelFormat (*hDC, iFormat, &pfd);

/* create and enable the render context (RC) */
*hRC = wglCreateContext( *hDC );
wglMakeCurrent( *hDC, *hRC );

}


/******************
* Disable OpenGL
*
******************/


void DisableOpenGL (HWND hWnd, HDC hDC, HGLRC hRC)
{
wglMakeCurrent (NULL, NULL);
wglDeleteContext (hRC);
ReleaseDC (hWnd, hDC);
}



and how do I do a code box

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

/**************************
* Includes
*
**************************/


#include <windows.h>
#include <gl/gl.h>


/**************************
* Function Declarations
*
**************************/


LRESULT CALLBACK WndProc (HWND hWnd, UINT message,
WPARAM wParam, LPARAM lParam);
void EnableOpenGL (HWND hWnd, HDC *hDC, HGLRC *hRC);
void DisableOpenGL (HWND hWnd, HDC hDC, HGLRC hRC);


/**************************
* WinMain
*
**************************/


int WINAPI WinMain (HINSTANCE hInstance,
HINSTANCE hPrevInstance,
LPSTR lpCmdLine,
int iCmdShow)
{
WNDCLASS wc;
HWND hWnd;
HDC hDC;
HGLRC hRC;
MSG msg;
BOOL bQuit = FALSE;
float theta = 0.0f;

/* register window class */
wc.style = CS_OWNDC;
wc.lpfnWndProc = WndProc;
wc.cbClsExtra = 0;
wc.cbWndExtra = 0;
wc.hInstance = hInstance;
wc.hIcon = LoadIcon (NULL, IDI_APPLICATION);
wc.hCursor = LoadCursor (NULL, IDC_ARROW);
wc.hbrBackground = (HBRUSH) GetStockObject (BLACK_BRUSH);
wc.lpszMenuName = NULL;
wc.lpszClassName = "GLSample";
RegisterClass (&wc);

/* create main window */
hWnd = CreateWindow (
"GLSample", "OpenGL Sample",
WS_CAPTION | WS_POPUPWINDOW | WS_VISIBLE,
0, 0, 256, 256,
NULL, NULL, hInstance, NULL);

/* enable OpenGL for the window */
EnableOpenGL (hWnd, &hDC, &hRC);

/* program main loop */
while (!bQuit)
{
/* check for messages */
if (PeekMessage (&msg, NULL, 0, 0, PM_REMOVE))
{
/* handle or dispatch messages */
if (msg.message == WM_QUIT)
{
bQuit = TRUE;
}
else
{
TranslateMessage (&msg);
DispatchMessage (&msg);
}
}
else
{
/* OpenGL animation code goes here */

glClearColor (0.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f);
glClear (GL_COLOR_BUFFER_BIT);

glPushMatrix ();
glRotatef (theta, 0.0f, 0.0f, 1.0f);
glBegin (GL_TRIANGLES);
glColor3f (1.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f); glVertex2f (0.0f, 1.0f);
glColor3f (0.0f, 1.0f, 0.0f); glVertex2f (0.87f, -0.5f);
glColor3f (0.0f, 0.0f, 1.0f); glVertex2f (-0.87f, -0.5f);
glEnd ();
glPopMatrix ();

SwapBuffers (hDC);

theta += 1.0f;
Sleep (1);
}
}

/* shutdown OpenGL */
DisableOpenGL (hWnd, hDC, hRC);

/* destroy the window explicitly */
DestroyWindow (hWnd);

return msg.wParam;
}


/********************
* Window Procedure
*
********************/


LRESULT CALLBACK WndProc (HWND hWnd, UINT message,
WPARAM wParam, LPARAM lParam)
{

switch (message)
{
case WM_CREATE:
return 0;
case WM_CLOSE:
PostQuitMessage (0);
return 0;

case WM_DESTROY:
return 0;

case WM_KEYDOWN:
switch (wParam)
{
case VK_ESCAPE:
PostQuitMessage(0);
return 0;
}
return 0;

default:
return DefWindowProc (hWnd, message, wParam, lParam);
}
}


/*******************
* Enable OpenGL
*
*******************/


void EnableOpenGL (HWND hWnd, HDC *hDC, HGLRC *hRC)
{
PIXELFORMATDESCRIPTOR pfd;
int iFormat;

/* get the device context (DC) */
*hDC = GetDC (hWnd);

/* set the pixel format for the DC */
ZeroMemory (&pfd, sizeof (pfd));
pfd.nSize = sizeof (pfd);
pfd.nVersion = 1;
pfd.dwFlags = PFD_DRAW_TO_WINDOW |
PFD_SUPPORT_OPENGL | PFD_DOUBLEBUFFER;
pfd.iPixelType = PFD_TYPE_RGBA;
pfd.cColorBits = 24;
pfd.cDepthBits = 16;
pfd.iLayerType = PFD_MAIN_PLANE;
iFormat = ChoosePixelFormat (*hDC, &pfd);
SetPixelFormat (*hDC, iFormat, &pfd);

/* create and enable the render context (RC) */
*hRC = wglCreateContext( *hDC );
wglMakeCurrent( *hDC, *hRC );

}


/******************
* Disable OpenGL
*
******************/


void DisableOpenGL (HWND hWnd, HDC hDC, HGLRC hRC)
{
wglMakeCurrent (NULL, NULL);
wglDeleteContext (hRC);
ReleaseDC (hWnd, hDC);
}





Quote:
and how do I do a code box


[source][/source] for a source box like that. [code][/code] (note lowercase c) for fixed-width font, but no box or scrollbars. Generally for anything longer than a couple of lines you want [source].

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites
Quote:
Original post by Red Park
I will just add this, I use Dev-C++ that has a template for OpenGL. The thing is, I don't know how to use it


Its probably better if you use sdl a lot less code and you don't have to deal with Windows API which is ugly as hell.

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites
Sign in to follow this  

  • Advertisement
×

Important Information

By using GameDev.net, you agree to our community Guidelines, Terms of Use, and Privacy Policy.

We are the game development community.

Whether you are an indie, hobbyist, AAA developer, or just trying to learn, GameDev.net is the place for you to learn, share, and connect with the games industry. Learn more About Us or sign up!

Sign me up!