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ruddj16

OpenGL a simple window

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Hello been working through some tutorials on creating a window, but they come with alot more features than what I need for this project...... could anyone look at this code and comment further? All credit go to Jeff for the code! I'm trying to pick it apart to understand
/*
 *		This Code Was Created By Jeff Molofee 2000
 *		A HUGE Thanks To Fredric Echols For Cleaning Up
 *		And Optimizing This Code, Making It More Flexible!
 *		If You've Found This Code Useful, Please Let Me Know.
 *		Visit My Site At nehe.gamedev.net
 */

#include <windows.h>		// Header File For Windows
#include <gl\gl.h>			// Header File For The OpenGL32 Library
#include <gl\glu.h>			// Header File For The GLu32 Library
#include <gl\glaux.h>		// Header File For The Glaux Library

HDC			hDC=NULL;		// Private GDI Device Context
HGLRC		hRC=NULL;		// Permanent Rendering Context
HWND		hWnd=NULL;		// Holds Our Window Handle
HINSTANCE	hInstance;		// Holds The Instance Of The Application

bool	keys[256];			// Array Used For The Keyboard Routine
bool	active=TRUE;		// Window Active Flag Set To TRUE By Default
bool	fullscreen=TRUE;	// Fullscreen Flag Set To Fullscreen Mode By Default

LRESULT	CALLBACK WndProc(HWND, UINT, WPARAM, LPARAM);	// Declaration For WndProc


int InitGL(GLvoid)										// All Setup For OpenGL Goes Here
{
	glShadeModel(GL_SMOOTH);							// Enable Smooth Shading
	glClearColor(0.5f, 0.9f, 0.2f, 0.5f);				// Black Background
	glClearDepth(1.0f);									// Depth Buffer Setup
	glEnable(GL_DEPTH_TEST);							// Enables Depth Testing
	glDepthFunc(GL_LEQUAL);								// The Type Of Depth Testing To Do
	//glHint(GL_PERSPECTIVE_CORRECTION_HINT, GL_NICEST);	// Really Nice Perspective Calculations
	return TRUE;										// Initialization Went OK
}

int DrawGLScene(GLvoid)									// Here's Where We Do All The Drawing
{
	glClear(GL_COLOR_BUFFER_BIT | GL_DEPTH_BUFFER_BIT);	// Clear Screen And Depth Buffer
	glLoadIdentity();									// Reset The Current Modelview Matrix
	return TRUE;										// Everything Went OK
}

/*	This Code Creates Our OpenGL Window.  Parameters Are:					*
 *	title			- Title To Appear At The Top Of The Window				*
 *	width			- Width Of The GL Window Or Fullscreen Mode				*
 *	height			- Height Of The GL Window Or Fullscreen Mode			*
 *	bits			- Number Of Bits To Use For Color (8/16/24/32)			*
 *	fullscreenflag	- Use Fullscreen Mode (TRUE) Or Windowed Mode (FALSE)	*/
 
BOOL CreateGLWindow(char* title, int width, int height, int bits, bool fullscreenflag)
{
	GLuint		PixelFormat;			// Holds The Results After Searching For A Match
	WNDCLASS	wc;						// Windows Class Structure
	DWORD		dwExstyle;				// Window Extended style
	DWORD		dwstyle;				// Window style
	RECT		WindowRect;				// Grabs Rectangle Upper Left / Lower Right Values
	WindowRect.left=(long)0;			// Set Left Value To 0
	WindowRect.right=(long)width;		// Set Right Value To Requested Width
	WindowRect.top=(long)0;				// Set Top Value To 0
	WindowRect.bottom=(long)height;		// Set Bottom Value To Requested Height

	fullscreen=fullscreenflag;			// Set The Global Fullscreen Flag

	hInstance			= GetModuleHandle(NULL);				// Grab An Instance For Our Window
	wc.style			= CS_HREDRAW | CS_VREDRAW | CS_OWNDC;	// Redraw On Size, And Own DC For Window.
	wc.lpfnWndProc		= (WNDPROC) WndProc;					// WndProc Handles Messages
	wc.cbClsExtra		= 0;									// No Extra Window Data
	wc.cbWndExtra		= 0;									// No Extra Window Data
	wc.hInstance		= hInstance;							// Set The Instance
	wc.hIcon			= LoadIcon(NULL, IDI_WINLOGO);			// Load The Default Icon
	wc.hCursor			= LoadCursor(NULL, IDC_ARROW);			// Load The Arrow Pointer
	wc.hbrBackground	= NULL;									// No Background Required For GL
	wc.lpszMenuName		= NULL;									// We Don't Want A Menu
	wc.lpszClassName	= "OpenGL";								// Set The Class Name

	if (!RegisterClass(&wc))									// Attempt To Register The Window Class
	{
		MessageBox(NULL,"Failed To Register The Window Class.","ERROR",MB_OK|MB_ICONEXCLAMATION);
		return FALSE;											// Return FALSE
	}
	
	if (fullscreen)												// Attempt Fullscreen Mode?
	{
		DEVMODE dmScreenSettings;								// Device Mode
		memset(&dmScreenSettings,0,sizeof(dmScreenSettings));	// Makes Sure Memory's Cleared
		dmScreenSettings.dmSize=sizeof(dmScreenSettings);		// Size Of The Devmode Structure
		dmScreenSettings.dmPelsWidth	= width;				// Selected Screen Width
		dmScreenSettings.dmPelsHeight	= height;				// Selected Screen Height
		dmScreenSettings.dmBitsPerPel	= bits;					// Selected Bits Per Pixel
		dmScreenSettings.dmFields=DM_BITSPERPEL|DM_PELSWIDTH|DM_PELSHEIGHT;

		// Try To Set Selected Mode And Get Results.  NOTE: CDS_FULLSCREEN Gets Rid Of Start Bar.
		if (ChangeDisplaySettings(&dmScreenSettings,CDS_FULLSCREEN)!=DISP_CHANGE_SUCCESSFUL)
		{
			// If The Mode Fails, Offer Two Options.  Quit Or Use Windowed Mode.
			if (MessageBox(NULL,"The Requested Fullscreen Mode Is Not Supported By\nYour Video Card. Use Windowed Mode Instead?","NeHe GL",MB_YESNO|MB_ICONEXCLAMATION)==IDYES)
			{
				fullscreen=FALSE;		// Windowed Mode Selected.  Fullscreen = FALSE
			}
			else
			{
				// Pop Up A Message Box Letting User Know The Program Is Closing.
				MessageBox(NULL,"Program Will Now Close.","ERROR",MB_OK|MB_ICONSTOP);
				return FALSE;									// Return FALSE
			}
		}
	}

	if (fullscreen)												// Are We Still In Fullscreen Mode?
	{
		dwExstyle=WS_EX_APPWINDOW;								// Window Extended style
		dwstyle=WS_POPUP;										// Windows style
		ShowCursor(FALSE);										// Hide Mouse Pointer
	}
	else
	{
		dwExstyle=WS_EX_APPWINDOW | WS_EX_WINDOWEDGE;			// Window Extended style
		dwstyle=WS_OVERLAPPEDWINDOW;							// Windows style
	}

	AdjustWindowRectEx(&WindowRect, dwstyle, FALSE, dwExstyle);		// Adjust Window To True Requested Size

	// Create The Window
	if (!(hWnd=CreateWindowEx(	dwExstyle,							// Extended style For The Window
								"OpenGL",							// Class Name
								title,								// Window Title
								dwstyle |							// Defined Window style
								WS_CLIPSIBLINGS |					// Required Window style
								WS_CLIPCHILDREN,					// Required Window style
								0, 0,								// Window Position
								WindowRect.right-WindowRect.left,	// Calculate Window Width
								WindowRect.bottom-WindowRect.top,	// Calculate Window Height
								NULL,								// No Parent Window
								NULL,								// No Menu
								hInstance,							// Instance
								NULL)))								// Dont Pass Anything To WM_CREATE
	{
//		KillGLWindow();								// Reset The Display
		MessageBox(NULL,"Window Creation Error.","ERROR",MB_OK|MB_ICONEXCLAMATION);
		return FALSE;								// Return FALSE
	}

	static	PIXELFORMATDESCRIPTOR pfd=				// pfd Tells Windows How We Want Things To Be
	{
		sizeof(PIXELFORMATDESCRIPTOR),				// Size Of This Pixel Format Descriptor
		1,											// Version Number
		PFD_DRAW_TO_WINDOW |						// Format Must Support Window
		PFD_SUPPORT_OPENGL |						// Format Must Support OpenGL
		PFD_DOUBLEBUFFER,							// Must Support Double Buffering
		PFD_TYPE_RGBA,								// Request An RGBA Format
		bits,										// Select Our Color Depth
		0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,							// Color Bits Ignored
		0,											// No Alpha Buffer
		0,											// Shift Bit Ignored
		0,											// No Accumulation Buffer
		0, 0, 0, 0,									// Accumulation Bits Ignored
		16,											// 16Bit Z-Buffer (Depth Buffer)  
		0,											// No Stencil Buffer
		0,											// No Auxiliary Buffer
		PFD_MAIN_PLANE,								// Main Drawing Layer
		0,											// Reserved
		0, 0, 0										// Layer Masks Ignored
	};
	
	if (!(hDC=GetDC(hWnd)))							// Did We Get A Device Context?
	{
		//KillGLWindow();								// Reset The Display
		MessageBox(NULL,"Can't Create A GL Device Context.","ERROR",MB_OK|MB_ICONEXCLAMATION);
		return FALSE;								// Return FALSE
	}

	if (!(PixelFormat=ChoosePixelFormat(hDC,&pfd)))	// Did Windows Find A Matching Pixel Format?
	{
		//KillGLWindow();								// Reset The Display
		MessageBox(NULL,"Can't Find A Suitable PixelFormat.","ERROR",MB_OK|MB_ICONEXCLAMATION);
		return FALSE;								// Return FALSE
	}

	if(!SetPixelFormat(hDC,PixelFormat,&pfd))		// Are We Able To Set The Pixel Format?
	{
		//KillGLWindow();								// Reset The Display
		MessageBox(NULL,"Can't Set The PixelFormat.","ERROR",MB_OK|MB_ICONEXCLAMATION);
		return FALSE;								// Return FALSE
	}

	if (!(hRC=wglCreateContext(hDC)))				// Are We Able To Get A Rendering Context?
	{
		//KillGLWindow();								// Reset The Display
		MessageBox(NULL,"Can't Create A GL Rendering Context.","ERROR",MB_OK|MB_ICONEXCLAMATION);
		return FALSE;								// Return FALSE
	}

	if(!wglMakeCurrent(hDC,hRC))					// Try To Activate The Rendering Context
	{
		//KillGLWindow();								// Reset The Display
		MessageBox(NULL,"Can't Activate The GL Rendering Context.","ERROR",MB_OK|MB_ICONEXCLAMATION);
		return FALSE;								// Return FALSE
	}

	ShowWindow(hWnd,SW_SHOW);						// Show The Window
	SetForegroundWindow(hWnd);						// Slightly Higher Priority
	SetFocus(hWnd);									// Sets Keyboard Focus To The Window
//	ReSizeGLScene(width, height);					// Set Up Our Perspective GL Screen

	if (!InitGL())									// Initialize Our Newly Created GL Window
	{
		//KillGLWindow();								// Reset The Display
		MessageBox(NULL,"Initialization Failed.","ERROR",MB_OK|MB_ICONEXCLAMATION);
		return FALSE;								// Return FALSE
	}

	return TRUE;									// Success
}

LRESULT CALLBACK WndProc(	HWND	hWnd,			// Handle For This Window
							UINT	uMsg,			// Message For This Window
							WPARAM	wParam,			// Additional Message Information
							LPARAM	lParam)			// Additional Message Information
{
	switch (uMsg)									// Check For Windows Messages
	{
		case WM_ACTIVATE:							// Watch For Window Activate Message
		{
			if (!HIWORD(wParam))					// Check Minimization State
			{
				active=TRUE;						// Program Is Active
			}
			else
			{
				active=FALSE;						// Program Is No Longer Active
			}

			return 0;								// Return To The Message Loop
		}

		case WM_SYSCOMMAND:							// Intercept System Commands
		{
			switch (wParam)							// Check System Calls
			{
				case SC_SCREENSAVE:					// Screensaver Trying To Start?
				case SC_MONITORPOWER:				// Monitor Trying To Enter Powersave?
				return 0;							// Prevent From Happening
			}
			break;									// Exit
		}

		case WM_CLOSE:								// Did We Receive A Close Message?
		{
			PostQuitMessage(0);						// Send A Quit Message
			return 0;								// Jump Back
		}

		case WM_KEYDOWN:							// Is A Key Being Held Down?
		{
			keys[wParam] = TRUE;					// If So, Mark It As TRUE
			return 0;								// Jump Back
		}

		case WM_KEYUP:								// Has A Key Been Released?
		{
			keys[wParam] = FALSE;					// If So, Mark It As FALSE
			return 0;								// Jump Back
		}

		case WM_SIZE:								// Resize The OpenGL Window
		{
//			ReSizeGLScene(LOWORD(lParam),HIWORD(lParam));  // LoWord=Width, HiWord=Height
			return 0;								// Jump Back
		}
	}

	// Pass All Unhandled Messages To DefWindowProc
	return DefWindowProc(hWnd,uMsg,wParam,lParam);
}

int WINAPI WinMain(	HINSTANCE	hInstance,			// Instance
					HINSTANCE	hPrevInstance,		// Previous Instance
					LPSTR		lpCmdLine,			// Command Line Parameters
					int			nCmdShow)			// Window Show State
{
	MSG		msg;									// Windows Message Structure
	BOOL	done=FALSE;								// Bool Variable To Exit Loop

	// Ask The User Which Screen Mode They Prefer
	if (MessageBox(NULL,"Would You Like To Run In Fullscreen Mode?", "Start FullScreen?",MB_YESNO|MB_ICONQUESTION)==IDNO)
	{
		fullscreen=FALSE;							// Windowed Mode
	}

	// Create Our OpenGL Window
	if (!CreateGLWindow("NeHe's OpenGL Framework",640,480,16,fullscreen))
	{
		return 0;									// Quit If Window Was Not Created
	}

	while(!done)									// Loop That Runs While done=FALSE
	{
		if (PeekMessage(&msg,NULL,0,0,PM_REMOVE))	// Is There A Message Waiting?
		{
			if (msg.message==WM_QUIT)				// Have We Received A Quit Message?
			{
				done=TRUE;							// If So done=TRUE
			}
			else									// If Not, Deal With Window Messages
			{
				TranslateMessage(&msg);				// Translate The Message
				DispatchMessage(&msg);				// Dispatch The Message
			}
		}
		else										// If There Are No Messages
		{
			// Draw The Scene.  Watch For ESC Key And Quit Messages From DrawGLScene()
			if (active)								// Program Active?
			{
				if (keys[VK_ESCAPE])				// Was ESC Pressed?
				{
					done=TRUE;						// ESC Signalled A Quit
				}
				else								// Not Time To Quit, Update Screen
				{
					DrawGLScene();					// Draw The Scene
					SwapBuffers(hDC);				// Swap Buffers (Double Buffering)
				}
			}
		}
	}

	// Shutdown
	//KillGLWindow();									// Kill The Window
	return (msg.wParam);							// Exit The Program
}
basically I've noticed theres alot in there thats not needed ie full screen mode over window mode, can anyone assist in taking out that function? Thanks John

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I managed to get it all sorted now thanks, I'm trying to get some text displayed on the output windows. I've spent a tad time over at MSDN what fat use of that was!! ive googled which got me some C syntax but only for konsole based.......can anyone else offre input?

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WHY REINVENT THE WHEEL EVERY TIME????
sorry....:)

You can use SDL, glut or if you want to reimplement your own functions (why?) go to NeHe site

Note that SDL and GLUT are also OS independent !!!

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