# 2d ball collision - balls sometimes stick together

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I have to write an animation program in MFC for class so I decided to do 2 balls bouncing around a screen. I got all my collision detection/response set up, but if the balls go to fast, they sometimes stick when they collide. I thought the problem was that the balls were going too fast at each time step and by the time my collision function had a chance to run, they were already stuck together. This of course causes them to infinitely collide. I tried moving each ball away from eachother by a small amount right when they collide but that didn't help. Anyone have any ideas as to why this is happening? Here is my collision function:
float distance;

distance = (float)sqrt( (b2CenterX - b1CenterX) * (b2CenterX - b1CenterX) +
(b2CenterY - b1CenterY) * (b2CenterY - b1CenterY) );

{
ballColor = RGB(rand() % 255,rand() % 255, rand() % 255);

float pt1x, pt1y;
float pt2x, pt2y;
float velx;
float vely;
float velx2;
float vely2;
float tx, ty;
float vix, viy, vin, vit, vfnmag, vftmag;
float vix2, viy2, vin2, vit2, vfnmag2, vftmag2;
float m = 0.0, m2 = 0.0, rc = 0.0, rc2 = 0.0;

Vector2D N;

pt1x = (float)b1CenterX+10;
pt1y = (float)b1CenterY+10;
pt2x = (float)b2CenterX+10;
pt2y = (float)b2CenterY+10;

N.Set( (pt1x - pt2x), (pt1y - pt2y) );
N.Normalize();

tx = -N.GetY();
ty = N.GetX();

vix  = b1Velocity.GetX(); //Initial velocities
viy  = b1Velocity.GetY();
vix2 = b2Velocity.GetX();
viy2 = b2Velocity.GetY();

vin  = vix*N.GetX() + viy*N.GetY();  //converted to n-t coords
vin2 = vix2*N.GetX() + viy2*N.GetY();

vit  = vix*tx + viy*ty;
vit2 = vix2*tx + viy2*ty;

vftmag  = vit;
vftmag2 = vit2;

m  = b1Mass;   //Mass of ball 1
m2 = b2Mass;   //Mass of ball 2

rc  = b1RestitutionCoef;  //Restitution Coefficient
rc2 = b2RestitutionCoef;

vfnmag  = (float)((rc2+1.0) * m2 * vin2 + vin * (m-rc2 * m2)) /(m+m2);  //Magnitude of velocities after collision

vfnmag2 = (float)((rc+1.0) * m * vin + vin 2 *(m-rc2 * m2)) / (m+m2);

velx  = N.GetX()*vfnmag+tx*vftmag;   //Final velocities after collision
vely  = N.GetY()*vfnmag+ty*vftmag;
velx2 = N.GetX()*vfnmag2+tx*vftmag2;
vely2 = N.GetY()*vfnmag2+ty*vftmag2;

b1Velocity.Set(velx, vely);
b2Velocity.Set(velx2, velx2);



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Well, I was looking over my post and saw an error in my coded ><. When I set the final velocities, I accidentally set the second balls y-component to x-component's velocity. I fixed that and it runs perfectly.

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This line seems fishy:

vfnmag2 = (float)((rc+1.0) * m * vin + vin 2 *(m-rc2 * m2)) / (m+m2);

I think it should be

vfnmag2 = (float)((rc+1.0) * m * vin + vin2 *(m2-rc1 * m)) / (m+m2);

I'm also not sure why you need two different coefficients of restitution? It's the same collision.

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don't apply collision response if the two objects are separating. That is, is the dot product of relative velocity and nromal of collision is positive. Else, you'll be adding an impulse that will push the balls towrads each other, hence the stickiness.

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