# Bilinear Interpollation

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Hi, I've written a function to find the height of a particle based on its position on a quad defined by 4 points. we know the xyz of all four points, and the xz of the point. Here's the code:
void GetTileHeight(float x, float z)
{
char buffer[200];
float heightO = Height(g_HeightMap, x, z );
float points[4][3];		//four vercies making up the patch
float ABDifference;		//Difference in height between AB and CD
float CDDifference;
int i;
double intx;			//integer parts of each coordinate
double intz;
float floatx;			//and float parts of each coordinate
float floatz;
float u,v;				//Represent ratio of tile the point is at (float between 1 and 0)
float interp1[2];		//stores the start and end height of the first interpollated line
float interp1Diff;		//difference in height between the two heights of the first interp
float Change;
float FinalPoint;		//the final y value of the equation

//Record the four points making up the patch as a set of coordinates

//Z
///C----D
///¦    ¦
///¦    ¦
///A----B
//////////X
//Point A (Bottom Left)
points[0][0] = x;
points[0][1] = Height(g_HeightMap, x, z );
points[0][2] = z;

//Point B (Bottom Right)
points[1][0] = x;
points[1][1] = Height(g_HeightMap, x, z + STEP_SIZE);
points[1][2] = z + STEP_SIZE;

//Point C (Top Left)
points[2][0] = x + STEP_SIZE;
points[2][1] = Height(g_HeightMap, x + STEP_SIZE, z );
points[2][2] = z;

//Point D (Top Right)
points[3][0] = x + STEP_SIZE;
points[3][1] = Height(g_HeightMap, x + STEP_SIZE, z + STEP_SIZE );
points[3][2] = z + STEP_SIZE;

//Now we find the position on the tile as an expression between 0.0 and 1.0 in the x and z

//Find the integer and float parts of the coordinates
floatx = modf(x, &intx);
floatz = modf(z, &intz);

//Shrink the intx variable down to being in terms of a single tile
while(intx>16)intx -= STEP_SIZE;
x = intx+floatx;  //Add to give the distance of the point from the origin of tile

//Ditto for z
while(intz>16)	intz -= STEP_SIZE;
z = intz+floatz;
u = x/STEP_SIZE;	//u and v are floats between 0.0 and 1.0 that define where the point is
v = z/STEP_SIZE;    //in terms of the width/height of the tile

//So now we find the difference in height between AB and CD

ABDifference = ( points[1][1] -  points[0][1]); //Change in y going from A to B
CDDifference = ( points[3][1] -  points[2][1]); //Change in y going from C to D

//Now we find the height at u by adding the starting point plus u* the difference
//this gives us a point along lines AB and CD.  We use the above method with v to
//find the height at point u,v

interp1[0] = points[0][1] + (ABDifference *= u);
interp1[1] = points[2][1] + (CDDifference *= u);

//This gives the change in height between the two interp1 points
interp1Diff = interp1[1] - interp1[0];

FinalPoint = interp1[0] + (interp1Diff *= v);
User->position[1] = FinalPoint;

I've followed the math through on paper and it looks sound, can anyone explain why this doesn't work?

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Have you tried stepping through the code line by line to see if you're getting correct values? The use of fmod and the accompanying code looks suspicious. I might try condensing all that into something like this:

u = (x - (int)(x / STEP_SIZE) * STEP_SIZE) / STEP_SIZE;
v = (z = (int)(z / STEP_SIZE) * STEP_SIZE) / STEP_SIZE;

The rest of code looks alright to me, so the problem could be somewhere else. Maybe the Height function isn't doing something right?

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I've done a run through with liberal message boxes....

Point 1:
5.76
124.0
40.759998

Point 2:
5.76
125.0
56.759998

Point 3:
21.76
118.0
40.759998

Point 4:
21.76
120.0
56.759998

Player Coords x, z = 5.76, 40.759998
xFloat = 0.76 xInt = 5
zFloat = 0.7998 zInt = 40

Coords in term of current tile: 5.76, 8.759998

U = 0.36, v = 0.5475

AB Diff = 1 CDDiff = 2

Interp1[0] = 124.36 Interp[1] = 118.72
interp1diff = -5.64

Final Point = 124.36 + (-5.64 * 0.5475)
= 121.2721

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Rutin
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