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I am pretty new to DirectX and have just downloaded the 8.0 SDK. I have installed it, and every time i want to compile a source-code, the damn compiler gives me this message "Error: Unresolved external ''DirectDrawCreate'' referenced from module programm.cpp" I tried various source-codes, but the error remains the saim. What can I do? I´m using the Borland C++ Compiler (version 5,01).

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This is just one source-code i tried. It´s from the SDK, but the same error appears as in all my tests.

//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// File: Vertices.cpp
//
// Desc: In this tutorial, we are rendering some vertices. This introduces the
// concept of the vertex buffer, a Direct3D object used to store
// vertices. Vertices can be defined any way we want by defining a
// custom structure and a custom FVF (flexible vertex format). In this
// tutorial, we are using vertices that are transformed (meaning they
// are already in 2D window coordinates) and lit (meaning we are not
// using Direct3D lighting, but are supplying our own colors).
//
// Copyright (c) 2000 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
#include




//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Global variables
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
LPDIRECT3D8 g_pD3D = NULL; // Used to create the D3DDevice
LPDIRECT3DDEVICE8 g_pd3dDevice = NULL; // Our rendering device
LPDIRECT3DVERTEXBUFFER8 g_pVB = NULL; // Buffer to hold vertices

// A structure for our custom vertex type
struct CUSTOMVERTEX
{
FLOAT x, y, z, rhw; // The transformed position for the vertex
DWORD color; // The vertex color
};

// Our custom FVF, which describes our custom vertex structure
#define D3DFVF_CUSTOMVERTEX (D3DFVF_XYZRHW|D3DFVF_DIFFUSE)




//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Name: InitD3D()
// Desc: Initializes Direct3D
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
HRESULT InitD3D( HWND hWnd )
{
// Create the D3D object.
if( NULL == ( g_pD3D = Direct3DCreate8( D3D_SDK_VERSION ) ) )
return E_FAIL;

// Get the current desktop display mode, so we can set up a back
// buffer of the same format
D3DDISPLAYMODE d3ddm;
if( FAILED( g_pD3D->GetAdapterDisplayMode( D3DADAPTER_DEFAULT, &d3ddm ) ) )
return E_FAIL;

// Set up the structure used to create the D3DDevice
D3DPRESENT_PARAMETERS d3dpp;
ZeroMemory( &d3dpp, sizeof(d3dpp) );
d3dpp.Windowed = TRUE;
d3dpp.SwapEffect = D3DSWAPEFFECT_DISCARD;
d3dpp.BackBufferFormat = d3ddm.Format;

// Create the D3DDevice
if( FAILED( g_pD3D->CreateDevice( D3DADAPTER_DEFAULT, D3DDEVTYPE_HAL, hWnd,
D3DCREATE_SOFTWARE_VERTEXPROCESSING,
&d3dpp, &g_pd3dDevice ) ) )
{
return E_FAIL;
}

// Device state would normally be set here

return S_OK;
}




//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Name: InitVB()
// Desc: Creates a vertex buffer and fills it with our vertices. The vertex
// buffer is basically just a chuck of memory that holds vertices. After
// creating it, we must Lock()/Unlock() it to fill it. For indices, D3D
// also uses index buffers. The special thing about vertex and index
// buffers is that the ycan be created in device memory, allowing some
// cards to process them in hardware, resulting in a dramatic
// performance gain.
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
HRESULT InitVB()
{
// Initialize three vertices for rendering a triangle
CUSTOMVERTEX g_Vertices[] =
{
{ 150.0f, 50.0f, 0.5f, 1.0f, 0xffff0000, }, // x, y, z, rhw, color
{ 250.0f, 250.0f, 0.5f, 1.0f, 0xff00ff00, },
{ 50.0f, 250.0f, 0.5f, 1.0f, 0xff00ffff, },
};

// Create the vertex buffer. Here we are allocating enough memory
// (from the default pool) to hold all our 3 custom vertices. We also
// specify the FVF, so the vertex buffer knows what data it contains.
if( FAILED( g_pd3dDevice->CreateVertexBuffer( 3*sizeof(CUSTOMVERTEX),
0, D3DFVF_CUSTOMVERTEX,
D3DPOOL_DEFAULT, &g_pVB ) ) )
{
return E_FAIL;
}

// Now we fill the vertex buffer. To do this, we need to Lock() the VB to
// gain access to the vertices. This mechanism is required becuase vertex
// buffers may be in device memory.
VOID* pVertices;
if( FAILED( g_pVB->Lock( 0, sizeof(g_Vertices), (BYTE**)&pVertices, 0 ) ) )
return E_FAIL;
memcpy( pVertices, g_Vertices, sizeof(g_Vertices) );
g_pVB->Unlock();

return S_OK;
}




//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Name: Cleanup()
// Desc: Releases all previously initialized objects
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
VOID Cleanup()
{
if( g_pVB != NULL )
g_pVB->Release();

if( g_pd3dDevice != NULL )
g_pd3dDevice->Release();

if( g_pD3D != NULL )
g_pD3D->Release();
}




//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Name: Render()
// Desc: Draws the scene
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
VOID Render()
{
// Clear the backbuffer to a blue color
g_pd3dDevice->Clear( 0, NULL, D3DCLEAR_TARGET, D3DCOLOR_XRGB(0,0,255), 1.0f, 0 );

// Begin the scene
g_pd3dDevice->BeginScene();

// Draw the triangles in the vertex buffer. This is broken into a few
// steps. We are passing the vertices down a "stream", so first we need
// to specify the source of that stream, which is our vertex buffer. Then
// we need to let D3D know what vertex shader to use. Full, custom vertex
// shaders are an advanced topic, but in most cases the vertex shader is
// just the FVF, so that D3D knows what type of vertices we are dealing
// with. Finally, we call DrawPrimitive() which does the actual rendering
// of our geometry (in this case, just one triangle).
g_pd3dDevice->SetStreamSource( 0, g_pVB, sizeof(CUSTOMVERTEX) );
g_pd3dDevice->SetVertexShader( D3DFVF_CUSTOMVERTEX );
g_pd3dDevice->DrawPrimitive( D3DPT_TRIANGLELIST, 0, 1 );

// End the scene
g_pd3dDevice->EndScene();

// Present the backbuffer contents to the display
g_pd3dDevice->Present( NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL );
}




//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Name: MsgProc()
// Desc: The window''s message handler
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
LRESULT WINAPI MsgProc( HWND hWnd, UINT msg, WPARAM wParam, LPARAM lParam )
{
switch( msg )
{
case WM_DESTROY:
PostQuitMessage( 0 );
return 0;
}

return DefWindowProc( hWnd, msg, wParam, lParam );
}




//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Name: WinMain()
// Desc: The application''s entry point
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
INT WINAPI WinMain( HINSTANCE hInst, HINSTANCE, LPSTR, INT )
{
// Register the window class
WNDCLASSEX wc = { sizeof(WNDCLASSEX), CS_CLASSDC, MsgProc, 0L, 0L,
GetModuleHandle(NULL), NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL,
"D3D Tutorial", NULL };
RegisterClassEx( &wc );

// Create the application''s window
HWND hWnd = CreateWindow( "D3D Tutorial", "D3D Tutorial 02: Vertices",
WS_OVERLAPPEDWINDOW, 100, 100, 300, 300,
GetDesktopWindow(), NULL, wc.hInstance, NULL );

// Initialize Direct3D
if( SUCCEEDED( InitD3D( hWnd ) ) )
{
// Create the vertex buffer
if( SUCCEEDED( InitVB() ) )
{
// Show the window
ShowWindow( hWnd, SW_SHOWDEFAULT );
UpdateWindow( hWnd );

// Enter the message loop
MSG msg;
ZeroMemory( &msg, sizeof(msg) );
while( msg.message!=WM_QUIT )
{
if( PeekMessage( &msg, NULL, 0U, 0U, PM_REMOVE ) )
{
TranslateMessage( &msg );
DispatchMessage( &msg );
}
else
Render();
}
}
}

// Clean up everything and exit the app
Cleanup();
UnregisterClass( "D3D Tutorial", wc.hInstance );
return 0;
}

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I am reasonably new to DirectX, but I know one thing. DirectX is just about as difficult as climbing everest in the nude with no arms(if you use it with Borland or Dev C++). I have been told that my only hope is to use Visual C++ even though it costs quite a bit. Hope this helps ;-)
graham hinchly

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I''ll have to agree with the others. It''s probably best to use MSVC. There may be something wrong with the way you set things up in BC. Is it a compiler or linker error. (sounds like a linker error.) You may have forgot to include D3D.LIB in with the linker.

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So with that code, you get-

"Error: Unresolved external ''DirectDrawCreate'' referenced from module programm.cpp"

That is strange for a program that isn''t using DirectDrawCreate() or DirectDraw. If you''re linking to ddraw.lib then you shouldn''t be. You should be linking to d3d8.lib.

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