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JasonL220

SDL image loading ?

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hi i'm learning opengl and sdl but i'm a bit confused by this function that is use in the sdl convertions of nehe tuts. could someplease explain it?
SDL_Surface *LoadBMP(char *filename)
{
    Uint8 *rowhi, *rowlo;
    Uint8 *tmpbuf, tmpch;
    SDL_Surface *image;
    int i, j;

    image = SDL_LoadBMP(filename);
    if ( image == NULL ) {
        fprintf(stderr, "Unable to load %s: %s\n", filename, SDL_GetError());
        return(NULL);
    }

    /* GL surfaces are upsidedown and RGB, not BGR :-) */
    tmpbuf = (Uint8 *)malloc(image->pitch);
    if ( tmpbuf == NULL ) {
        fprintf(stderr, "Out of memory\n");
        return(NULL);
    }
    rowhi = (Uint8 *)image->pixels;
    rowlo = rowhi + (image->h * image->pitch) - image->pitch;
    for ( i=0; i<image->h/2; ++i ) {
        for ( j=0; j<image->w; ++j ) {
            tmpch = rowhi[j*3];
            rowhi[j*3] = rowhi[j*3+2];
            rowhi[j*3+2] = tmpch;
            tmpch = rowlo[j*3];
            rowlo[j*3] = rowlo[j*3+2];
            rowlo[j*3+2] = tmpch;
        }
        memcpy(tmpbuf, rowhi, image->pitch);
        memcpy(rowhi, rowlo, image->pitch);
        memcpy(rowlo, tmpbuf, image->pitch);
        rowhi += image->pitch;
        rowlo -= image->pitch;
    }
    free(tmpbuf);
    return(image);
}
it the bit in the for loops that confuse me the most thanks jason

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