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Kamos

Preprocessor failure?

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Hello, I've got a kind of weird (to me, its weird) problem. I define a few words and then want to use them. So to combine the LEFTBOTTOM with the LEFTTOP I use a bitwise or, | . The problem is, the preprocessor doesn't do, what it is supposed to do. (or isn't doing what I think it should be doing ;) ) I think this small program will make it clear:
#define TOPLEFT         0x01;
#define TOPRIGHT        0x02;
#define RIGHTTOP        0x04;
#define RIGHTBOTTOM     0x08;
#define BOTTOMRIGHT     0x10;
#define BOTTOMLEFT      0x20;
#define LEFTBOTTOM      0x40;
#define LEFTTOP         0x80;

int main()
{
  char a = 0x40 | 0x80;           // <--- this is OK
  char b = LEFTBOTTOM | LEFTTOP;  // E2188: expression syntax error
  return 0;
}

If the precessor replaces all the defines, it is exactly the same as char a = 0x40 | 0x80 (the previous line) and should not throw me an error. Any help is appreciated. Thanks in advance. Kamos

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You'd probably be better off using const variables instead of #define macros. It gets around the invisible preprocessor (invisible in that the compiler doesn't catch errors until after the preprocessor does its work).

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Ah ofcourse!
And yes I guess const variables would be better, but it introduces a lot of work...
Say I'd use a const variable. When I use 2 classes, which make use of these const variables, I will have to declare these const variables twice. (once in each class).
This is double work. (and gets worse when using more classes)
Or am I wrong?

The preprocessor allows me to define names and use the defined names anywhere I want. (with the side effect of invisible errors...)

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You can put const static int TOPLEFT = 0x01; in a header file (not in a class definition) and it'll be available anywhere that header file is included.

For that matter, an enumeration might be more appropriate to what you're doing.

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