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Decimal to Fraction

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Here's a better idea. Compute the continued fraction expansion of your number.

x = 0.57142857
x = 1/1.75000000437500001093
x = 1/(1+1/1.33333332555555558149)
x = 1/(1+1/(1+1/3.00000007000000139992))
x = 1/(1+1/(1+1/(3+1/14285714.00001633224424480235)))

Stop now that you found a large number in the continued fraction expansion. Basically, assume that number should have been infinity, and compute the fraction you have so far.

x = 1/(1+1/(1+1/3)) = 4/7

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No-brainer answer: any float can be written as (big integer)/2^m, where m is the number of mantissa bits (24? I forget).

If you want to get denominators like 3, 7 and so on to come out right, you're going to have to do some approximation because floats are only limited precision. Something like alvaro's solution is good.

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I posted this in another thread a while back that had an excellent discussion of the problem, and I'm fairly certain that my solution is far from optimal, but I can't find the thread or any of the sites I used to construct my solution. Dec2Frac

Edit: I noticed that the GDNet hosting shows the 'last modified' time for files and I was able to use that to find the thread, which is How do I Convert a Decimal to a Fraction in c++?

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An efficient way to compute the fraction that is closest to a value while limiting the denominator is to compute the terms of something called a "farey sequence". In your example the iterations of the computation for 0.57142857 would look like this:
     Between       -> New Bound
========== =========
0/1, 1/1 -> 1/2 (lower)
1/2, 1/1 -> 2/3 (upper)
1/2, 2/3 -> 3/5 (upper)
1/2, 3/5 -> 4/7 (upper)
1/2, 4/7 -> 5/9 (lower)
5/9, 4/7 -> 9/16 (lower)
9/16, 4/7 -> 13/23 (lower)
13/23, 4/7 -> 17/30 (lower)
17/30, 4/7 -> 21/37 (lower)
21/37, 4/7 -> 25/44 (lower)
25/44, 4/7 -> 39/51 (lower)
53/93, 4/7 -> 57/100 (lower)
57/100, 4/7 -> 61/107 (lower)
-> 57142857/100000000
Do you see the pattern? The beauty is that you can stop anytime and return the closest of the two bounds. So, in this case if you limit the denominator to 100, your answer would be 4/7.

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