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OK, this is may be a galactically stupid query and brand me as a feeb newb for all Eternity. I'm really hacked off by having to find/write my own routines for loading model meshes and textures to use with OpenGL. I sort of adopted the Wavefront .obj format and have been using Nate Robins's GLM library. I've also written my own file parser and have tried modifying GLM to use the stl, but they're a bit slow. I'm using VC++ Express Edition, and I'm now considering using an existing 3d engine, partly so I don't have to do the hard work any more, and partly to gain experience of using additional tools and api's. Does this seem like a reasonable course of action? And of the existing 3d engines (e.g. Crystal Space, Ogre, Irrlicht) which would be the best for this? That is, easiest to learn, fewest includes for mesh and texture import and plays well with others since I'm considering taking a turn with ODE at some point, too. Or is really a case of trying each to see which suits me the best? Is it possible to migrate a project from one engine to another? TIA Carl

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• Both functions are available since 3.0, and I'm currently using glMapBuffer(), which works fine.
But, I was wondering if anyone has experienced advantage in using glMapBufferRange(), which allows to specify the range of the mapped buffer. Could this be only a safety measure or does it improve performance?
Note: I'm not asking about glBufferSubData()/glBufferData. Those two are irrelevant in this case.
• By xhcao
Before using void glBindImageTexture(    GLuint unit, GLuint texture, GLint level, GLboolean layered, GLint layer, GLenum access, GLenum format), does need to make sure that texture is completeness.
• By cebugdev
hi guys,
are there any books, link online or any other resources that discusses on how to build special effects such as magic, lightning, etc. in OpenGL? i mean, yeah most of them are using particles but im looking for resources specifically on how to manipulate the particles to look like an effect that can be use for games,. i did fire particle before, and I want to learn how to do the other 'magic' as well.
Like are there one book or link(cant find in google) that atleast featured how to make different particle effects in OpenGL (or DirectX)? If there is no one stop shop for it, maybe ill just look for some tips on how to make a particle engine that is flexible enough to enable me to design different effects/magic
let me know if you guys have recommendations.
• By dud3
How do we rotate the camera around x axis 360 degrees, without having the strange effect as in my video below?
Mine behaves exactly the same way spherical coordinates would, I'm using euler angles.
Tried googling, but couldn't find a proper answer, guessing I don't know what exactly to google for, googled 'rotate 360 around x axis', got no proper answers.

References:
Code: https://pastebin.com/Hcshj3FQ
The video shows the difference between blender and my rotation:

• By Defend
I've had a Google around for this but haven't yet found some solid advice. There is a lot of "it depends", but I'm not sure on what.
My question is what's a good rule of thumb to follow when it comes to creating/using VBOs & VAOs? As in, when should I use multiple or when should I not? My understanding so far is that if I need a new VBO, then I need a new VAO. So when it comes to rendering multiple objects I can either:
* make lots of VAO/VBO pairs and flip through them to render different objects, or
* make one big VBO and jump around its memory to render different objects.
I also understand that if I need to render objects with different vertex attributes, then a new VAO is necessary in this case.
If that "it depends" really is quite variable, what's best for a beginner with OpenGL, assuming that better approaches can be learnt later with better understanding?

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