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littlekid

How D3DXMATRIX Variables work?

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Just wondering how its done: D3DXMATRIX structure allow user to manipulate its matrix by: e,g Matrix._11, Matrix._34 and Matrix.m[0][0], Matrix.m[2][3], in a array format How is it that if i set Matrix._11 = 10.0f, Matrix.m[0][0] also get updated by itself? Thanks

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D3DXMATRIX publicly inherits from D3DMATRIX, to add a variety of operations.

The answer to your question is that D3DMATRIX uses a union to define a struct of sixteen floats that occupies the same space as a four-by-four array of floats.

// D3DMATRIX
typedef struct _D3DMATRIX {
union {
struct {
float _11, _12, _13, _14;
float _21, _22, _23, _24;
float _31, _32, _33, _34;
float _41, _42, _43, _44;

};
float m[4][4];
};
} D3DMATRIX;

// D3DXMATRIX
typedef struct D3DXMATRIX : public D3DMATRIX
{
public:
D3DXMATRIX() {};
D3DXMATRIX( CONST FLOAT * );
D3DXMATRIX( CONST D3DMATRIX& );
D3DXMATRIX( CONST D3DXFLOAT16 * );
D3DXMATRIX( FLOAT _11, FLOAT _12, FLOAT _13, FLOAT _14,
FLOAT _21, FLOAT _22, FLOAT _23, FLOAT _24,
FLOAT _31, FLOAT _32, FLOAT _33, FLOAT _34,
FLOAT _41, FLOAT _42, FLOAT _43, FLOAT _44 );


// access grants
FLOAT& operator () ( UINT Row, UINT Col );
FLOAT operator () ( UINT Row, UINT Col ) const;

// casting operators
operator FLOAT* ();
operator CONST FLOAT* () const;

// assignment operators
D3DXMATRIX& operator *= ( CONST D3DXMATRIX& );
D3DXMATRIX& operator += ( CONST D3DXMATRIX& );
D3DXMATRIX& operator -= ( CONST D3DXMATRIX& );
D3DXMATRIX& operator *= ( FLOAT );
D3DXMATRIX& operator /= ( FLOAT );

// unary operators
D3DXMATRIX operator + () const;
D3DXMATRIX operator - () const;

// binary operators
D3DXMATRIX operator * ( CONST D3DXMATRIX& ) const;
D3DXMATRIX operator + ( CONST D3DXMATRIX& ) const;
D3DXMATRIX operator - ( CONST D3DXMATRIX& ) const;
D3DXMATRIX operator * ( FLOAT ) const;
D3DXMATRIX operator / ( FLOAT ) const;

friend D3DXMATRIX operator * ( FLOAT, CONST D3DXMATRIX& );

BOOL operator == ( CONST D3DXMATRIX& ) const;
BOOL operator != ( CONST D3DXMATRIX& ) const;

} D3DXMATRIX, *LPD3DXMATRIX;

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All the magic is in the base of D3DXMATRIX which is D3DMATRIX.
If you look in d3d9types.h, you'll see that D3DMATRIX is defined like this:
typedef struct _D3DMATRIX {
union {
struct {
float _11, _12, _13, _14;
float _21, _22, _23, _24;
float _31, _32, _33, _34;
float _41, _42, _43, _44;

};
float m[4][4];
};
} D3DMATRIX;

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