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Misiu

quadratic or simutanous? equations

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ive got my self in a pickle and didnt know where else to turn. The distance, S, meters from a fixed point of a vehicle traveling in a straight line with a constant acceleration a m/s^2, is given by S = ut + ((1/2)at)^2, where u is the initial velocity in m/s and t is the time in secs. determine the initial velocity and the acceleration given that s = 42m when t = 2 secs. and s = 144m when t = 4 secs. find also the distance traveled after 3 secs. im confused big time. ive got two equations 42 = u2 + ((1/2)a2)^2 144 = u4 + ((1/2)a4)^2 but dont know what to do with em. ive been googling for the last 4 hours. thanks for any help.

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First off it seems you've got the equation slightly wrong, according to memory (and a book, too) it should read: s = u*t + a*t*t/2 (that's only the t squared, not (a*t/2)^2 ).

You've got information to form two equations which is enough to get your two unknown's, which you did:


s = 42 and t = 2 => 42 = 2*u + a*2*2/2 => 42 = 2*u + 2*a
s = 144 and t = 4 => 144 = 4*u + a*4*4/2 => 144 = 4*u + 8*a


There's a couple of ways to solve this but a simple one it to subtract the second equation with the first one times 2 (I choose 2 since that makes the 4*u "disappear" in the second equation):

144 - (42 * 2) = 4*u + 8*a - 2 * (2*u + 2*a)
144 - 84 = 4*u + 8*a - 4*u - 4*a
60 = 4a
a = 15

Now you can put that into the equations to get u:

42 = 2*u + 15*2*2/2
u = 6

Now with a and u getting s after three seconds is trivial.

Edit: I was bothered with what the procedure was called and went googling, found a nice article that explains it: Ask Dr. Math - Substitution and elimination.

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