# OpenGL Opengl grids

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Hy i'm a beginner in opengl ad i have this problem: i not understand this code: glPointSize(4.0); glBegin(GL_POINTS); for (int x = 0; x < 4; x++) for (int z = 0; z < 4; z++) glVertex3f(x, 0, z); glEnd(); Ths code create a points grid,but why? i'm not understand why use the z coordinate(the depth)and not the y coordinate! the grid Indeed appear in 2d. thanks I have the same problem with this grid: glBegin(GL_TRIANGLES); for (int x = 0; x < 3; x++) { for (int z = 0; z < 3; z++) { glVertex3f(x, 0.0, z); glVertex3f((x+1.0), 0.0, z); glVertex3f(x, 0.0, (z+1.0)); } } glEnd(); why the x+1 and z+1?(is a new point?) thanks.

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Actually this is very simple

Why y is 0 ? Well you don't want the grid to go upwards you want it on the lowest level of height.

Here is how i create a grid :

Gl.glBegin(Gl.GL_LINES);
for (int i = -5; i <= 5; ++i)
{
Gl.glVertex3i(i, 0, -5);
Gl.glVertex3i(i, 0, 5);

Gl.glVertex3i(5, 0, i);
Gl.glVertex3i(-5, 0, i);

}

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If you want a horizontal grid and not a vertical one, you need to lay it in the xz-plane (since y is up [smile]). So the y-value just sets the height of the grid.

The second loop inserts some points to make a triangle (see the GL_TRIANGLES?). Since most of those points are use more than once (in two iterations of the outer loop x and x+1 are the same: if x = 0 then x + 1 = 1, next iteration x = 1 so x + 1 = 2, you see x + 1 = 1 and x = 1 are the same in two iterations).
That loop basically draws a bunch of triangles like this:
|\|_\So the "grid" would look like this:|\ |\ |\ |_\|_\|_\|\ |\ |\ |_\|_\|_\|\ |\ |\ |_\|_\|_\

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So, i'm still on my quest to unterstanding the intricacies of HDR and implementing this into my engine. Currently i'm at the step to implementing tonemapping. I stumbled upon this blogposts:
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This is with the uncharted tonemapping:
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void main() { vec3 color = texture2D(texture_diffuse, vTexcoord).rgb; color = Uncharted2Tonemap(color); //gamma correction (use only if not done in tonemapping code) color = gammaCorrection(color); outputF = vec4(color,1.0f); } Now, from my understanding is that tonemapping should bring the range down from HDR to 0-1.
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• By Inbar_xz
I'm using the OPENGL with eclipse+JOGL.
My goal is to create movement of the camera and the player.
I create main class, which create some box in 3D and hold
an object of PlayerAxis.
I create PlayerAxis class which hold the axis of the player.
If we want to move the camera, then in the main class I call to
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That's work good.
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in some point the move front is not to the front anymore..
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player.playerMoving(0, 0, 1);
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I need to convert (0, 0, 1) to the player axis, and then add this.
I think I dont do the convert right..
I will be glad for help!

Here is part of my PlayerAxis class:

//player coordinate float x[] = new float[3]; float y[] = new float[3]; float z[] = new float[3]; public PlayerAxis(float move_step, float angle_move) { x[0] = 1; y[1] = 1﻿; z[2] = -1; step = move_step; angle = angle_move; setTransMatrix(); } public void cameraMoving(float angle_step, String axis) { float[] new_x = x; float[] new_y = y; float[] new_z = z; float alfa = angle_step * angle; switch(axis) { case "x": new_z = addVectors(multScalar(z, COS(alfa)), multScalar(y, SIN(alfa))); new_y = subVectors(multScalar(y, COS(alfa)), multScalar(z, SIN(alfa))); break; case "y": new_x = addVectors(multScalar(x, COS(alfa)), multScalar(z, SIN(alfa))); new_z = subVectors(multScalar(z, COS(alfa)), multScalar(x, SIN(alfa))); break; case "z": new_x = addVectors(multScalar(x, COS(alfa)), multScalar(y, SIN(alfa))); new_y = subVectors(multScalar(y, COS(alfa)), multScalar(x, SIN(alfa))); }﻿ x = new_x; y = new_y; z = new_z; normalization(); } public void playerMoving(float x_move, float y_move, float z_move) { float[] move = new float[3]; move[0] = x_move; move[1] = y_move; move[2] = z_move; setTransMatrix(); float[] trans_move = transVector(move); position[0] = position[0] + step*trans_move[0]; position[1] = position[1] + step*trans_move[1]; position[2] = position[2] + step*trans_move[2]; } public void setTransMat﻿rix() { for (int i = 0; i < 3; i++) { coordiTrans[0][i] = x[i]; coordiTrans[1][i] = y[i]; ﻿coordiTrans[2][i] = z[i]; } } public float[] transVector(float[] v) { return multiplyMatrixInVector(coordiTrans, v); }
and in the main class i have this:

public void keyPressed(KeyEvent e) { if (e.getKeyCode()== KeyEvent.VK_ESCAPE) { System.exit(0); //player move } else if (e.getKeyCode()== KeyEvent.VK_W) { //front //moveAmount[2] += -0.1f; player.playerMoving(0, 0, 1); } else if (e.getKeyCode()== KeyEvent.VK_S) { //back //moveAmount[2] += 0.1f; player.playerMoving(0, 0, -1); } else if (e.getKeyCode()== KeyEvent.VK_A) { //left //moveAmount[0] += -0.1f; player.playerMoving(-1, 0, 0); } else if (e.getKeyCode()== KeyEvent.VK_D) { //right //moveAmount[0] += 0.1f; player.playerMoving(1, 0, 0); } else if (e.getKeyCode()== KeyEvent.VK_E) { //moveAmount[0] += 0.1f; player.playerMoving(0, 1, 0); } else if (e.getKeyCode()== KeyEvent.VK_Q) { //moveAmount[0] += 0.1f; player.playerMoving(0, -1, 0); //camera move } else if (e.getKeyCode()== KeyEvent.VK_I) { //up player.cameraMoving(1, "x"); } else if (e.getKeyCode()== KeyEvent.VK_K) { //down player.cameraMoving(-1, "x"); } else if (e.getKeyCode()== KeyEvent.VK_L) { //right player.cameraMoving(-1, "y"); } else if (e.getKeyCode()== KeyEvent.VK_J) { //left player.cameraMoving(1, "y"); } else if (e.getKeyCode()== KeyEvent.VK_O) { //right round player.cameraMoving(-1, "z"); } else if (e.getKeyCode()== KeyEvent.VK_U) { //left round player.cameraMoving(1, "z"); } }
finallt found it.... i confused with the transformation matrix row and col. thanks anyway!
• By Lewa
So, i'm currently trying to implement an SSAO shader from THIS tutorial and i'm running into a few issues here.
Now, this SSAO method requires view space positions and normals. I'm storing the normals in my deferred renderer in world-space so i had to do a conversion and reconstruct the position from the depth buffer.
And something there goes horribly wrong (which has probably to do with worldspace to viewspace transformations).
(here is the full shader source code if someone wants to take a look at it)
Now, i suspect that the normals are the culprit.
vec3 normal = ((uNormalViewMatrix*vec4(normalize(texture2D(sNormals, vTexcoord).rgb),1.0)).xyz); "sNormals" is a 2D texture which stores the normals in world space in a RGB FP16 buffer.
Now i can't use the camera viewspace matrix to transform the normals into viewspace as the cameras position isn't set at (0,0,0), thus skewing the result.
So what i did is to create a new viewmatrix specifically for this normal without the position at vec3(0,0,0);
//"camera" is the camera which was used for rendering the normal buffer renderer.setUniform4m(ressources->shaderSSAO->getUniform("uNormalViewMatrix"), glmExt::createViewMatrix(glm::vec3(0,0,0),camera.getForward(),camera.getUp())//parameters are (position,forwardVector,upVector) ); Though i have the feeling this is the wrong approach. Is this right or is there a better/correct way of transforming a world space normal into viewspace?

• Hi,
I'm trying mix two textures using own shader system, but I have a problem (I think) with uniforms.
To debug I use RenderDocs, but I did not receive good results. In the first attachment is my result, in the second attachment is what should be.
PS. I base on this tutorial https://learnopengl.com/Getting-started/Textures.

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