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Lua dofile error output as C string?

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I have a lua script file that doesnt run (intentionally). Im running the script in a console app using dofile, what Id like is to be able to get is the error output from the failed compile. The same output that the online lua demo (http://www.lua.org/cgi-bin/demo) generates when a script run fails. Ive got the lua print calls as const char* by registering a function for luas "print", but Im not sure where to look for the compile/run errors that dofile/dostring create?

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Use loadfile(). It loads and compiles a file and returns the compiled code as a function. If the compilation failed it returns nil and the error string.

You could do something like this:

local result, errorStr = loadfile("somefile.lua")
if result == nil then
-- Compilation failed, print the error message.
-- Compilation was successful, run the code.

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And here's a C(-ish) version:

int error = luaL_loadfile(state, "file.lua");
if(error) // if non-0, then an error
// the top of the stack should be the error string
if (!lua_isstring(state, lua_gettop(state)))
return "no error";

// get the top of the stack as the error and pop it off
string str = lua_tostring(state, lua_gettop(state));
lua_pop(state, 1);

return str;
// if not an error, then the top of the stack will be the function to call to run the file
lua_pcall(state, 0, LUA_MULTRET, 0); // once again, returns non-0 on error, you should probably add a little check

Lua Docs:

The lua_pcall function returns 0 in case of success or one of the following error codes (defined in lua.h):

* LUA_ERRRUN: a runtime error.
* LUA_ERRMEM: memory allocation error. For such errors, Lua does not call the error handler function.
* LUA_ERRERR: error while running the error handler function.

Loads a Lua chunk. If there are no errors, lua_load pushes the compiled chunk as a Lua function on top of the stack. Otherwise, it pushes an error message. The return values of lua_load are:

* 0: no errors;
* LUA_ERRSYNTAX: syntax error during pre-compilation;
* LUA_ERRMEM: memory allocation error.

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