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c++ overloading member functions and templates

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Is this example of overloading permitted under the standard ? I have several member functions overloaded on different argument types, as well as a single catch-all type templatized member function. I vaguely know that member specialization is not supported in c++ but I am not sure this properly describes my code. It compiles without warning and behaves as I expect under g++ (it should output "x1,x1,unknown") but I do not currently have a copy of VS (which I want to support) handy to test.
#include <iostream>

struct X1 { };
struct X2 { };
struct X3 { };

struct A
{
    void operator () ( const X1 &x1) { std::cout << "x1\n"; }
    
    void operator () ( const X2 &x2) { std::cout << "x2\n"; }
   
    template< class T>
    void operator () ( const T &p) { std::cout << "unknown\n"; }
};

int main()
{
    A   a;
    a( X1());
    a( X2());
    a( X3());
}

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It should be correct. In case of overloading, the compiler first looks for exact matches among non-template overloads, and if not found goes on to find the best match among templated overloads (if you have more than one).

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This topic is 3148 days old which is more than the 365 day threshold we allow for new replies. Please post a new topic.

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