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More Questions on Perlin Noise

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Just wondered if anyone knew the answer to these few questions. 1. When passing the decimal parts of the position to the gradient functions, as seen below, why does he subtract 1 from each in turn?
      return lerp(w, lerp(v, lerp(u, grad(p[AA  ], x  , y  , z   ),  // AND ADD
                                     grad(p[BA  ], x-1, y  , z   )), // BLENDED
                             lerp(u, grad(p[AB  ], x  , y-1, z   ),  // RESULTS
                                     grad(p[BB  ], x-1, y-1, z   ))),// FROM  8
                     lerp(v, lerp(u, grad(p[AA+1], x  , y  , z-1 ),  // CORNERS
                                     grad(p[BA+1], x-1, y  , z-1 )), // OF CUBE
                             lerp(u, grad(p[AB+1], x  , y-1, z-1 ),
                                     grad(p[BB+1], x-1, y-1, z-1 ))));

2. Ive noticed that this will actually produce values from -2 to 2, when returned from the gradient functions, yet the out come of perlin noise is always -1 to 1, this seems to be due to the lerp functions never returning values out of -1 to 1, when used with the fade decimal value, but why is this? is the fade function designed to do this?

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