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srinivaz111

OpenGL Surface plot for any data

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Hi all, I need to draw surface plot using OpenGL for the following data. X-Axis | Y-Axis | Z-Axis ========================= Jan-08 | 120.0 | 25.5 Feb-08 | 125.7 | 24.15 Mar-08 | 100.0 | 42.11 Apr-08 | 190.0 | 15.62 May-08 | 109.0 | 21.88 Jun-08 | 150.5 | 56.55 Jul-08 | 191.8 | 89.93 Aug-08 | 177.7 | 15.65 I searched in the web and found some samples all of which draw a sin function or exp functional data. But I need the surface plot for the above data. So, I am not able to figure out. Can anybody tell me an idea to do this. Thanks in advance, Regards, Srinu

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I don't have any experience with surface plots but AFAIK you need a function that takes two arguments to plot it as a 3D surface (with the arguments generally representing the X- and Z-Axis).

Your data just resembles a bunch of points, so the most natural way would be to connect them to a line (converting the months to numbers, like Jan = 1). If you need a surface you might draw a quad/two triangles between two adjacent datasets (where each dataset has 2 points - one specified by X,Y,Z and one with one coordinate set to 0), e.g. for Jan and Feb you could use the points:

X/Y/Z
1/120.0/0
1/120.0/25.5
2/125.7/0
2/125.7/24.15

Hope that helps.

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Hi Lord,
Thanks for the response. Your idea sounds like a good one. I am going to implement it to see whether it works. But, I am stuck at converting these coordinates to OpenGL coordinates. Could you please tell me how to do this?

Thanks,
Srinu

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I'm not sure where you're stuck, but you could just convert the months to January = 0.0, February = 1.0, March = 2.0 and so on (or use another scale, if you like). Then you alreay have the needed coordinates and just need to call glVertex3f(x,y,z) or - which would be better - put the coordinates into a VBO and render that.

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That`s ok. But OpenGL coords should be between -1 to 1, right? So, these coords must be converted to their equivalent opengl coords.
For example Take a 3d point - 1.0, 120.0, 25.5. We can not render this point in OpenGL window. It must be converted to OpenGL window coords. I am asking how to do this convertion?

Thanks,
Srinu

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For a 2 dimensional plot, you could make the vertical axis the Y & Z variables and the horizontal the X (time), then plot the data as vectors instead of points. Or you could do something more interesting, like use the Z data to be the diameter of a circle with the X variables on the horizontal and y be the vertical. Then if you scale the axes properly, you'd have circles of diameter Z centered at height Y and the proper time X which should be spaced not to overlap. Or you could represent one of the fields as color (X makes the most sense, having exact and regular values to easily correspond to a given color). I would look at some differential equation or vector field graphs to see techniques people use for graphic 3 dimensional data in 2 dimensional graphs if thats what you want, or you could make the graph 3D if you really want.

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Quote:
Original post by srinivaz111
That`s ok. But OpenGL coords should be between -1 to 1, right? So, these coords must be converted to their equivalent opengl coords.
For example Take a 3d point - 1.0, 120.0, 25.5. We can not render this point in OpenGL window. It must be converted to OpenGL window coords. I am asking how to do this convertion?

Thanks,
Srinu


No, you use whatever coordinates you want and OpenGL will internally scale it.

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You can use any (reasonable) number for a OpenGL coordinate. However, to get it drawn to screen you have to setup your modelview and projection matrices properly.

If you don't want to do that you'd have to convert the coordinates to range [-1,1] for x and y and to [0,1] for z. This shouldn't be too hard (e.g. if months go from 0 to 11 you can set x to month * (2.0f/11.0f) - 1.0f).

However, I'd recommend using the matrices as they would allow you to use different viewing angles.

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not able to draw the plot using the method where I took 2 points for every coordinate. I got a weird graph. I am following the Contour plot method which involves defining a texture and drawing triangles and setting the texture to those triangles. Can anybody who knows the contour plot method please help me?
I am sending the code also. Please look into it.

This is the actual data for which I have to plot the graph

X-Axis | Y-Axis | Z-Axis
=========================
Jan-08 | 120.0 | 25.5
Feb-08 | 125.7 | 24.15
Mar-08 | 100.0 | 42.11
Apr-08 | 190.0 | 15.62
May-08 | 109.0 | 21.88
Jun-08 | 150.5 | 56.55
Jul-08 | 191.8 | 89.93
Aug-08 | 177.7 | 15.65

So, I have taken the following points table

float data[24][3] =
{
{1.0,120.0,0},
{1.0,120.0,0.5},
{1.0,120.0,25.5},
{2.0,125.7,0},
{2.0,125.7,0.5},
{2.0,125.7,24.15},
{3.0,100.0,0},
{3.0,100.0,0.5},
{3.0,100.0,42.11},
{4.0,190.0,0},
{4.0,190.0,0.5},
{4.0,190.0,15.62},
{5.0,109.0,0},
{5.0,109.0,0.5},
{5.0,109.0,21.88},
{6.0,150.5,0},
{6.0,150.5,0.5},
{6.0,150.5,56.55},
{7.0,191.8,0},
{7.0,191.8,0.5},
{7.0,191.8,89.93},
{8.0,177.7,0},
{8.0,177.7,0.5},
{8.0,177.7,15.65}

};


Here is the code:

void MyGraph::Generate3DData()
{
m_fWidth = 1.0f;
m_fStep = 0.05f;
int nSurface = 1;
int nVertex = nSurface + 1;

v3DVector tempVector;

for (int x=0; x<24; x+=3)
{
double ogl_x, ogl_y, ogl_z;
GetOpenGLCoords(data[x][0], data[x][1], data[x][2], &ogl_x, &ogl_y, &ogl_z);
tempVector.push_back(C3DVector(ogl_x, ogl_y, ogl_z));

GetOpenGLCoords(data[x+1][0], data[x+1][1], data[x+1][2], &ogl_x, &ogl_y, &ogl_z);
tempVector.push_back(C3DVector(ogl_x, ogl_y, ogl_z));

GetOpenGLCoords(data[x+2][0], data[x+2][1], data[x+2][2], &ogl_x, &ogl_y, &ogl_z);
tempVector.push_back(C3DVector(ogl_x, ogl_y, ogl_z));

m_vVertexNormal.push_back(tempVector);

tempVector.clear();
}

tempVector.clear();


/* int size = m_vVertexNormal.size();
std::vector<v3DVector>::iterator it;
for (it=m_vVertexNormal.begin(); it!=m_vVertexNormal.end(); it++)
{
v3DVector tVector = *it;
int vsize = tVector.size();
}
*/

// Surface Normal
for(int nX = 0; nX < 7; nX ++)
{
for(int nY(0); nY < 2; nY ++)
{
C3DVector temp3DVector(0, 0,0);
C3DVector point1 = m_vVertexNormal.at(nX).at(nY);
C3DVector point2 = m_vVertexNormal.at(nX+1).at(nY);
C3DVector point3 = m_vVertexNormal.at(nX+1).at(nY+1);

CalculateNormal(point1, point2, point3, temp3DVector);

tempVector.push_back( temp3DVector );
}
m_vSurfaceNormal.push_back(tempVector);
tempVector.clear();
}

// Vertex Normal
for(nX = 0; nX < 7; nX ++)
for(int nY(0); nY < 2; nY ++)
{
m_vVertexNormal.at(nX).at(nY) += m_vSurfaceNormal.at(nX).at(nY);
m_vVertexNormal.at(nX+1).at(nY) += m_vSurfaceNormal.at(nX).at(nY);
m_vVertexNormal.at(nX).at(nY+1) += m_vSurfaceNormal.at(nX).at(nY);
m_vVertexNormal.at(nX+1).at(nY+1) += m_vSurfaceNormal.at(nX).at(nY);
}
for(nX = 0; nX < 8; nX ++)
for(int nY(0); nY < 3; nY ++)
m_vVertexNormal.at(nX).at(nY).Average();
}

BOOL MyGraph::CalculateNormal(C3DVector& fPoint1, C3DVector& fPoint2, C3DVector& fPoint3, C3DVector& fNormal)
{
float fx = (fPoint2.GetY()-fPoint1.GetY())*(fPoint3.GetZ()-fPoint2.GetZ())-
(fPoint3.GetY()-fPoint2.GetY())*(fPoint2.GetZ()-fPoint1.GetZ());

// (y2-y1)(z3-z2)-(y3-y2)(z2-z1)

float fy = (fPoint3.GetX()-fPoint2.GetX())*(fPoint2.GetZ()-fPoint1.GetZ())-
(fPoint2.GetX()-fPoint1.GetX())*(fPoint3.GetZ()-fPoint2.GetZ());

float fz = (fPoint2.GetX()-fPoint1.GetX())*(fPoint3.GetY()-fPoint2.GetY())-
(fPoint3.GetX()-fPoint2.GetX())*(fPoint2.GetY()-fPoint1.GetY());

float fd = (float) sqrt(fx*fx + fy*fy + fz*fz);

fNormal.SetVector(fx/fd, fy/fd, fz/fd);

return TRUE;
}

void MyGraph::GetOpenGLCoords(float x, float y, float z, double *ogl_x, double *ogl_y, double *ogl_z)
{

*ogl_x = x * (2.0/11.0) - 1.0;
*ogl_y = y * (2.0/191.8) - 1.0;
*ogl_z = z/89.93;
}

void MyGraph::CreateGraph3DList(UINT nList)
{
::glNewList(nList , GL_COMPILE);
for(int x=0, int nX(0); nX < m_vSurfaceNormal.size(); nX++, x+=2)
{
double ogl_x, ogl_y, ogl_z;
GetOpenGLCoords(data[x][0], data[x][1], data[x][2], &ogl_x, &ogl_y, &ogl_z);

float fx = ogl_x; //(nX*m_fStep - 1)*m_fWidth;

::glBegin(GL_TRIANGLE_STRIP);
for(int nY(0); nY < 3/*m_vSurfaceNormal.size()*/; nY++)
{
float fNormal[3];
m_vVertexNormal.at(nX).at(nY).GetVector(fNormal);
::glNormal3fv(fNormal);
float fy = ogl_y;//(nY*m_fStep - 1)*m_fWidth;
float fz = ogl_z;//GetZ(fx, fy);
::glTexCoord1f((fz+1)/2);
::glVertex3d(fx, fy, fz/2);

m_vVertexNormal.at(nX+1).at(nY).GetVector(fNormal);
::glNormal3fv(fNormal);

GetOpenGLCoords(data[x+1][0], data[x+1][1], data[x+1][2], &ogl_x, &ogl_y, &ogl_z);

float fx2 = ogl_x;//fx+m_fStep;
fz = ogl_z;//GetZ(fx2, fy);
::glTexCoord1f((fz+1)/2);
::glVertex3d(fx2, fy, fz/2);
}
::glEnd();
}
::glEndList();
}



Please look into it and show me a way to achieve it.

Thanks in advance,

~Srinu

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First, please use the source tags

Quote:
Original post by srinivaz111

So, I have taken the following points table

float data[24][3] =
{
{1.0,120.0,0},
{1.0,120.0,0.5},
{1.0,120.0,25.5},
{2.0,125.7,0},
{2.0,125.7,0.5},
{2.0,125.7,24.15},
{3.0,100.0,0},
{3.0,100.0,0.5},
{3.0,100.0,42.11},
{4.0,190.0,0},
{4.0,190.0,0.5},
{4.0,190.0,15.62},
{5.0,109.0,0},
{5.0,109.0,0.5},
{5.0,109.0,21.88},
{6.0,150.5,0},
{6.0,150.5,0.5},
{6.0,150.5,56.55},
{7.0,191.8,0},
{7.0,191.8,0.5},
{7.0,191.8,89.93},
{8.0,177.7,0},
{8.0,177.7,0.5},
{8.0,177.7,15.65}

};

I just skimmed over your code but looking at your data I can make a guess:

You draw the data as a triangle strip, so you get triangles like (in your coords):

{1.0,120.0,0}/{1.0,120.0,0.5}/{1.0,120.0,25.5} -- this basically is a line and wouldn't be rendered (degenerate triangle)
{1.0,120.0,0.5}/{1.0,120.0,25.5}/{2.0,125.7,0}
{1.0,120.0,25.5}/{2.0,125.7,0}/{2.0,125.7,0.5}
{2.0,125.7,0}/{2.0,125.7,0.5}/{2.0,125.7,24.15} -- this is a line, too
...


Why are those {..,..,0.5} point in there? If you remove them, the graph should look better.
If not, I maybe misunderstood you and a screenshot would help me to get a better impression on what your graph looks like.

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I have taken 3 points for each coordinate to draw a triangle. (As actually Contour plot drawing involves triangles). But I am really confused whether the 3 points are taken correctly or not?
And I think you understood the code. Please suggest if any changes can be done to the code. And can you please tell me how to attach files to posts (I am trying to send the scrrenshot of the plot I got, But not able to find the way to do that).

Thanks,
Srinu

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Please look into the following code which draws the surface plot using contour method. Actually this code was written to take data in a random manner. I modified it to take the data from an array. I am not able to find the places where the required changes have to done for my data. Please help me.



//Data:
float data[16][3] =
{
{1.0,120.0,0},
{1.0,120.0,25.5},
{2.0,125.7,0},
{2.0,125.7,24.15},
{3.0,100.0,0},
{3.0,100.0,42.11},
{4.0,190.0,0},
{4.0,190.0,15.62},
{5.0,109.0,0},
{5.0,109.0,21.88},
{6.0,150.5,0},
{6.0,150.5,56.55},
{7.0,191.8,0},
{7.0,191.8,89.93},
{8.0,177.7,0},
{8.0,177.7,15.65}
};


void Generate3DData()
{
int nSurface = 3;
int nVertex = nSurface + 1;

v3DVector tempVector;

int i = 0;

// Vertex coordinates
for(int nX(0); nX < nVertex; nX ++)
{
for(int nY(0); nY < nVertex; nY ++)
{
float fx, fy, fz;
GetOpenGLCoords(data[i][0], data[i][1], data[i][2], &fx, &fy, &fz);
i++;

tempVector.push_back( C3DVector(fx, fy, fz) );
}

m_vVertexNormal.push_back(tempVector);
tempVector.clear();

}


tempVector.clear();

// Surface Normal
for(nX = 0; nX < nSurface; nX ++)
{
for(int nY(0); nY < nSurface; nY ++)
{
C3DVector temp3DVector(0, 0,0);

CalculateNormal(m_vVertexNormal.at(nX).at(nY), m_vVertexNormal.at(nX+1).at(nY), m_vVertexNormal.at(nX+1).at(nY+1), temp3DVector);

tempVector.push_back( temp3DVector );
}
m_vSurfaceNormal.push_back(tempVector);
tempVector.clear();
}

// Vertex Normal
for(nX = 0; nX < nSurface; nX ++)
for(int nY(0); nY < nSurface; nY ++)
{
m_vVertexNormal.at(nX).at(nY) += m_vSurfaceNormal.at(nX).at(nY);
m_vVertexNormal.at(nX+1).at(nY) += m_vSurfaceNormal.at(nX).at(nY);
m_vVertexNormal.at(nX).at(nY+1) += m_vSurfaceNormal.at(nX).at(nY);
m_vVertexNormal.at(nX+1).at(nY+1) += m_vSurfaceNormal.at(nX).at(nY);
}


for(nX = 0; nX < nVertex; nX ++)
for(int nY(0); nY < nVertex; nY ++)
m_vVertexNormal.at(nX).at(nY).Average();

}

void CreateGraph3dList()
{
int i = 0;
::glNewList(nList , GL_COMPILE);
for(int nX(0); nX < m_vSurfaceNormal.size(); nX++)
{
::glBegin(GL_TRIANGLE_STRIP);
for(int nY(0); nY < m_vSurfaceNormal.size(); nY++)
{
float fNormal[3];
m_vVertexNormal.at(nX).at(nY).GetVector(fNormal);
::glNormal3fv(fNormal);

float fx, fy, fz;
GetOpenGLCoords(data[i][0], data[i][1], data[i][2], &fx, &fy, &fz);

::glTexCoord1f((fz+1)/2);
::glVertex3d(fx, fy, fz/2);

m_vVertexNormal.at(nX).at(nY+2).GetVector(fNormal);
::glNormal3fv(fNormal);

GetOpenGLCoords(data[i+2][0], data[i+2][1], data[i+2][2], &fx, &fy, &fz);

::glTexCoord1f((fz+1)/2);
::glVertex3d(fx, fy, fz/2);

i++;
}
::glEnd();
}
::glEndList();
}

void GetOpenGLCoords(float x, float y, float z, float *ogl_x, float *ogl_y, float *ogl_z)
{
*ogl_x = x * (2.0/8.0) - 1.0;
*ogl_y = y * (2.0/191.8) - 1.0;
*ogl_z = z/89.93;
}


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The code seems to operate on a quadratic grid, i.e. you have the same number of vertices in x and y.

It then loops over the grid vertices column by column and sets the position according to the converted data. After that it iterates over the grid cells (called surfaces in the code) and calculates the normals per surface and per vertex.

The problem seems to be that your data does not form a quadratic grid, but rather a 8x2 grid.

You need to change the loops to accommodate for that, i.e. in the loops that iterate over the vertices set maxX=8 and maxY=2. For the loops iterating over the surfaces you have to use the same values decremented, i.e. 7/1.


That said, I'd recommend you carefully read the code and try to figure out what it does (especially which data it reads). It would certainly help you if you had some basic knowledge of 3D rendering concepts, but I guess it's more a matter of what data is to be read in your case.

Basically, you have to geometrically layout your data like this (using vertex indices):

1--3--5--7--9--..
|\ |\ |\ |\ |\ |
| \| \| \| \| \|
0--2--4--6--8--..

I assume you're not that fit in OpenGL, so I'll help you with the display list function. The data part will be your excercise [smile].


void CreateGraph3dList()
{
int i = 0;
//create a new display list and store its id in nList
glNewList(nList , GL_COMPILE);

//begin drawing triangles - I don't use triangle strip because I think it's easier for you to understand
glBegin(GL_TRIANGLES);
//loop through the columns, maxCols would be 8 in your case
for(int col(0); col < maxCols; col++)
{
//assuming your data is laid out as described above you can now read the relevant data

//we'll use 2 triangles for each cell
glNormal3f(/*normal for index col * 2*/);
glVertex3f(/*position for index col * 2*/);
glNormal3f(/*normal for index col * 2 + 1*/);
glVertex3f(/*position for index col * 2 + 1*/);
glNormal3f(/*normal for index (col + 1) * 2*/);
glVertex3f(/*position for index (col + 1) * 2*/);

glNormal3f(/*normal for index col * 2 + 1*/);
glVertex3f(/*position for index col * 2 + 1*/);
glNormal3f(/*normal for index (col + 1) * 2*/);
glVertex3f(/*position for index (col + 1) * 2*/);
glNormal3f(/*normal for index (col + 1) * 2 + 1*/);
glVertex3f(/*position for index (col + 1) * 2 + 1*/);

}
//end triangle drawing
glEnd();
//end display list definition
glEndList();
}



Another side note: reading the code I'm not sure whether the normal data is correctly set. I didn't check the normal calculation and thus assume it to be correct, but the normal is then added to the position, which doesn't seem correct (but I'm no expert in plots, so I'm not sure what exactly you want - maybe an image of what you'd expect would be helpful).

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Hi Lord,
Thank you for the explanation and the code.
I am trying to integrate this code in my application. But I think there has to be still more to do with this code. Actually I am trying to plot a surface from the X, Y and Z values which looks like the plot http://www.scribd.com/doc/17716693/Surface-Plot .
This plot is drawn for the values z = sin(3*x)*cos(3*y). So, Could you please tell me how to use this code to modify so that it draws a surface plot for my data.

Thanks,
Srinu

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Well, the plot in the link represents the value of z for x/y-pairs. Since z is a function of x and y you can calculate z at any point you want and thus get a value for every point on the grid.

The problem with your data is that it just represents some specific points in 3D, like so:


y o o
| o o o
| o
|
|
|
-----------------------x

Thus the first thing is to decide how to map all the other x/y pairs.

One solution (that we talked about above) would be to map the exact x values (1.0, 2.0, ...) and y-values from 0 to the value you provided to the z-value in your table. This would result in something like this:

_
y / \__
| /| | |\ /|
| | | | | | |
| | | | | | |
| | | | | | |
| | | | | | |
-----------------------x

when seen from above (the z-value would represent different depths and would be interpolated between two months).

We already discussed most of the code you need to get this done. Take your data array and the draw method I posted above.

Keep in mind that in OpenGL y is up, so you might want to swap y and z (if z should represent the height).

Since lighting seems to be beyond your skill for now, you should stick to something easier, e.g. simple colors. Replace the glNormal3f(...) calls with glColor3f(...) and pass in a color that you calculate somehow (I guess you want to use z and/or y). Keep in mind that every channel has to be in range [0,1] so you might for example use shades of red and set r = z-value at the specified index / 100.0 . Or use something more complex (e.g. to use other colors, too). That's something I leave you to play with.

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Thanks Lord,
I implemented the procedure you explained. It`s working fine. The plot is drawn correctly. But it has very sharp curves. Can it be made smoother like the one which I sent to you (Sinusoidal graph).

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Well, to smooth it you'd need more data or some algorithm to fit a curve onto your data.
Finding an algorithm is not that trivial and depends on what that data really means. One approach could be a moving average of the z values.

Then you'd need to subdivide the mesh by adding additional steps on x and/or y (e.g. month 1.0, 1.2, 1.4 etc.) and calculate the corresponding z for the new x/y pairs (for example by using the algorithm you used for the curve).

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Hi Lord,
Thanks a lot for the help you provided me so far. I am able to draw the plot correctly.
I am having a problem with colors. That is, I am drawing X, Y and Z axis(lines) with red, green and blue colors. But all these lines are being drawn with a single color. I mean whatever color I set using glColor(), the color is not getting set.
But it is getting set If i don`t call the function glEnable(GL_TEXTURE_1D). Is there constraint as the color can not be set if we use textures?
I am suing the following gl initilizations.


glPolygonMode(GL_FRONT_AND_BACK, GL_FILL);
glEnable(GL_DEPTH_TEST);
glDrawBuffer(GL_BACK);

// Setup light 0
GLfloat fLightAmbient0[] = { 0.7f, 0.0f, 0.1f, 0.5f };
GLfloat fLightDiffuse0[] = { 0.1f, 0.3f, 0.7f, 0.5f };
GLfloat fLightPosition0[] = { 10.0f, 10.0f, 10.0f, 1.0f };

glLightfv(GL_LIGHT0, GL_AMBIENT, fLightAmbient0);
glLightfv(GL_LIGHT0, GL_DIFFUSE, fLightDiffuse0);
glLightfv(GL_LIGHT0, GL_POSITION, fLightPosition0);

// Enable light 1
::glEnable(GL_LIGHT0);

// Setup light 1
GLfloat fLightAmbient1[] = { 0.1f, 0.3f, 0.5f, 0.5f };
GLfloat fLightDiffuse1[] = { 0.3f, 0.0f, 0.1f, 0.5f };
GLfloat fLightPosition1[] = { -10.0f, 5.0f, -1.0f, 1.0f };

::glLightfv(GL_LIGHT1, GL_AMBIENT, fLightAmbient1);
::glLightfv(GL_LIGHT1, GL_DIFFUSE, fLightDiffuse1);
::glLightfv(GL_LIGHT1, GL_POSITION, fLightPosition1);

// Enable light 1
::glEnable(GL_LIGHT1);

// Enable lighting
::glEnable(GL_LIGHTING);

// Enable 1D texture
::glEnable(GL_TEXTURE_1D);
::glShadeModel(GL_SMOOTH);


// Setup material
GLfloat materialSpecular[] = { 0.9f, 0.9f, 0.9f, 0.5f };
GLfloat materialAmbDiff[] = { 0.6f, 0.6f, 0.6f, 0.5f };
GLfloat materialShininess[1] = { 20.0f };
::glMaterialfv( GL_FRONT, GL_SPECULAR, materialSpecular);
::glMaterialfv( GL_FRONT, GL_AMBIENT_AND_DIFFUSE,
materialAmbDiff);
::glMaterialfv( GL_FRONT, GL_SHININESS, materialShininess);




The axis drawing code


void DrawAxis()
{
// draw carthesian axes
glBegin(GL_LINES);

// red x axis
glColor3f(1.0f,0.0f,0.f);

glVertex3f(m_XMin,m_YMin,m_ZMin);
glVertex3f(m_XMax,m_YMin,m_ZMin);

// Draw 'X'
glVertex3f(0.2f,-0.9f,m_ZMin);
glVertex3f(0.23f,-0.96f,m_ZMin);
glVertex3f(0.2f,-0.96f,m_ZMin);
glVertex3f(0.23f,-0.9f,m_ZMin);

// green y axis
glColor3f(0.0f, 1.0f, 0.0f);

glVertex3f(m_XMin,m_YMin,m_ZMin);
glVertex3f(m_XMin,m_YMax,m_ZMin);

// Draw 'Y'
glVertex3f(-0.9f, 0.0f, m_ZMin);
glVertex3f(-0.87f, -0.04f, m_ZMin);
glVertex3f(-0.84f, 0.0f, m_ZMin);
glVertex3f(-0.87f, -0.04f, m_ZMin);
glVertex3f(-0.87f, -0.04f, m_ZMin);
glVertex3f(-0.87f, -0.08f, m_ZMin);

// blue z axis
glColor3f(0.f,0.f,1.f);
glVertex3f(m_XMin,m_YMin,m_ZMin);
glVertex3f(m_XMin,m_YMin,m_ZMax);

// Draw 'Z'
glVertex3f(m_XMin,-0.5f,0.2f);
glVertex3f(m_XMin,-0.5f,0.16f);
glVertex3f(m_XMin,-0.5f,0.16f);
glVertex3f(m_XMin,-0.55f,0.2f);
glVertex3f(m_XMin,-0.55f,0.2f);
glVertex3f(m_XMin,-0.55f,0.16f);
glEnd();
}



Is there any mistake I am doing? Please guide me.

Thanks for the help.

Regards,
Srinu

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When you enable texturing the color will be modulated with the texture color by default.
I assume you don't use a texture for the plot and thus when the driver tried to read texels from the "texture" returns black. Now your colors are multiplied with black, which results in ... black [smile].

If you want to use a texture, e.g. for having a gradient, you have to bind a texture (which should be grey scale if you want to use vertex colors, too) and provide texture coords for your vertices.

If you don't want to use textures, just disable texturing when drawing your axes.

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