# Implementing GJK

This topic is 3270 days old which is more than the 365 day threshold we allow for new replies. Please post a new topic.

## Recommended Posts

Hello does anyone have code for the 2d gjk implementation? This is an implementation I found that I have been trying to get to work but so far have failed. I am not really sure what I am doing wrong although I think it may have something to do with my support function.

//--- The Gilbert-Johnson-Keerthi Algorithm

//We only have a collision if we can wrap a triangle around the Origin of a Minkowski sum
//A is always the last point added to our simplex
bool collision::gjk_test (c_vec &shape0, c_vec &shape1)
{
c_vec verts; verts.resize(3);
coord d(-1,-1), d_neg; //D can be initialised with any random direction
int n = 1; //start at second point

//D does not need to be normalised for GJK - support functions still need to be aware D that is not normalised
coord max0, max1;

max0 = support(shape0,d);
max1 = support(shape1,d);
verts[0] = max0 - max1;

//-A equals a vector pointing at the Origin
d = verts[0];
d.negate();

do
{
max0 = support(shape0,d);
max1 = support(shape1,d);
verts[n] = max0 - max1;

//A must be beyond the Origin in the direction D - if not we are unable to encapsulate the Origin
//A is ZERO when we have opposite touching vertices in Shape1 and Shape2 - you MUST exit in this case
//I choose not to explicityly test for ZERO thus giving me wrong result in this rare case
if (dot(verts[n], d) <= 0)
return false;

switch (n + 1)
{
case 2:   n = test_line (verts, d);   break;
case 3:   n = test_triangle (verts, d);   break;
default: break;
}

} while (n < 3);

//All three points of the simplex passed our test - we've got a collision!
return true;
}

coord collision::support(c_vec verts, coord d)
{
float max = 0, val;
coord coord_;
for(int i = 0; i < verts.size(); i++){
val = dot(d, verts);
if(val > max){
max = val;
coord_ = verts;
}
}

return coord_;
}

int collision::test_line(c_vec &verts, coord &d)
{
coord &a= verts[1];
coord &b= verts[0],
ao, ab;

ao = a;
ao.negate();
ab = b - a;

d = perp(ab);
if (!(dot(ao,d) > 0))
d.negate();

return 2;
}

int collision::test_triangle (c_vec &verts, coord &d)
{
coord a = verts[2],
b = verts[1],
c = verts[0],
ao,ab, ac;

ao = a;
ao.negate();
ab = b - a;
ac = c - a;

//Obtain perpendicular vector to AB in the direction opposite of C
d = perp(ab);
if (0.0f < cross(ab, ac))
d.negate();

if ((dot(ao,d) > 0))
{
//Rory's optimisation: line AB will always be closest to the Origin, do not test point case
verts[0] = a; //Remove C from the Simplex
return 2;
}

//Obtain perpendicular vector to AC in the direction opposite of B
d = perp(ac);
if (0.0f < cross(ac, ab))
d.negate();

if ((dot(ao,d) > 0))
{
//Rory's optimisation: line AC will always be closest to the Origin, do not test point case
verts[1] = a;   //Remove B from Simplex
return 2;
}

//Origin was not found outside the triangle - I guess we've encapsulated it!
return 3;
}

coord perp(coord a)
{
return coord(-a.y,a.x);
}
float cross(coord a, coord b)
{
return a.x * b.y - a.y * b.x;
}



##### Share on other sites
There is an implementation in Bullet. It isn't 2D, though. You might take a look at this from Molly Rocket:

GJK algorithm implementation video

I can't vouch for it, but it popped up in a Google search. In addition to the video (if it pops up for you), see also links within the thread.

##### Share on other sites
Oh, I saw that video although some of the concepts are giving me trouble. The code I used came from a post in that forum.

How I am using my support function is I think what's causing the problem. The perp and cross functions also I am not sure if I got them right.

1. 1
Rutin
29
2. 2
3. 3
4. 4
5. 5

• 13
• 13
• 11
• 10
• 14
• ### Forum Statistics

• Total Topics
632961
• Total Posts
3009493
• ### Who's Online (See full list)

There are no registered users currently online

×