# DX11 [Solved] Multi-Threading SlimDX DX11 Radeon Win7 Crash

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You're misunderstanding how the multithreading functionality works. The point isn't to allow to have two threads using the device simultaneously, the point is to have multiple threads building up portions of a command list so that your main rendering thread can combine the portions into one big command list that can be submitted to the GPU. You're incorrect when you say that this would be like single-threaded rendering...using a deferred context allows you to spread the overhead of building the command list over multiple threads. The final part where you combine command lists is relatively cheap.

Ultimately your deferred contexts need to be serialized into a single command list. This is because the GPU only reads one command at a time, so you need to make sure that the command lists from your deferred contexts are combined in the order needed for the GPU to properly draw your scene.

If you want to support multiple output windows, you need to do it the old-fashioned way: create a swap chain for each window, render each view seperately, and present with the corresponding swap chain.

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Thank you for you comment MJP. I figured it out (with your help), why my way didn't work.

In my opinion, the deferred contexts are only simple software lists. So it shouldn't matter, how the lists are pushed to the immediate contexts. If you use a 3rd thread, you automatically serializes the lists. And this was my problem: the synchronized executing of the command lists. Because I render all my stuff in renderings threads, it doesn't matter, that this threads waits for the (synchronized) immediate context to push their commands. In my opinion, this is faster, than using a 3rd thread.

Now, instead of using a 3rd thread, I simply synchronize my immediate context like this:
for every rendering thread:  render to deferred context  build the command list  lock (immediateContext) {    immediateContext.ExecuteCommandList(commandList, false);  }  dispose the command list

Only the immediate contexts has to be synchronized. Other things, like the device itself are already synchronized by SlimDX or DX. And this was something, I misunderstud in the DX-API :) Now, all the threads render, render, render, and if one of them becomes ready, it renders to the device. Only, if two threads finishes the work simultanously, one of them has to wait for the other to execute the command list. This should be more efficient than using a third thread, which implies synchronized passing of command list from the rendering threads to this 3rd thread, etc.

Thank you for your help :)

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• I'm attempting to implement some basic post-processing in my "engine" and the HLSL part of the Compute Shader and such I think I've understood, however I'm at a loss at how to actually get/use it's output for rendering to the screen.
Assume I'm doing something to a UAV in my CS:
RWTexture2D<float4> InputOutputMap : register(u0); I want that texture to essentially "be" the backbuffer.

I'm pretty certain I'm doing something wrong when I create the views (what I think I'm doing is having the backbuffer be bound as render target aswell as UAV and then using it in my CS):

DXGI_SWAP_CHAIN_DESC scd; ZeroMemory(&scd, sizeof(DXGI_SWAP_CHAIN_DESC)); scd.BufferCount = 1; scd.BufferDesc.Format = DXGI_FORMAT_R8G8B8A8_UNORM; scd.BufferUsage = DXGI_USAGE_RENDER_TARGET_OUTPUT | DXGI_USAGE_SHADER_INPUT | DXGI_USAGE_UNORDERED_ACCESS; scd.OutputWindow = wndHandle; scd.SampleDesc.Count = 1; scd.Windowed = TRUE; HRESULT hr = D3D11CreateDeviceAndSwapChain(NULL, D3D_DRIVER_TYPE_HARDWARE, NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL, D3D11_SDK_VERSION, &scd, &gSwapChain, &gDevice, NULL, &gDeviceContext); // get the address of the back buffer ID3D11Texture2D* pBackBuffer = nullptr; gSwapChain->GetBuffer(0, __uuidof(ID3D11Texture2D), (LPVOID*)&pBackBuffer); // use the back buffer address to create the render target gDevice->CreateRenderTargetView(pBackBuffer, NULL, &gBackbufferRTV); // set the render target as the back buffer CreateDepthStencilBuffer(); gDeviceContext->OMSetRenderTargets(1, &gBackbufferRTV, depthStencilView); //UAV for compute shader D3D11_UNORDERED_ACCESS_VIEW_DESC uavd; ZeroMemory(&uavd, sizeof(uavd)); uavd.Format = DXGI_FORMAT_R8G8B8A8_UNORM; uavd.ViewDimension = D3D11_UAV_DIMENSION_TEXTURE2D; uavd.Texture2D.MipSlice = 1; gDevice->CreateUnorderedAccessView(pBackBuffer, &uavd, &gUAV); pBackBuffer->Release();
After I render the scene, I dispatch like this:
gDeviceContext->OMSetRenderTargets(0, NULL, NULL); m_vShaders["cs1"]->Bind(); gDeviceContext->CSSetUnorderedAccessViews(0, 1, &gUAV, 0); gDeviceContext->Dispatch(32, 24, 0); //hard coded ID3D11UnorderedAccessView* nullview = { nullptr }; gDeviceContext->CSSetUnorderedAccessViews(0, 1, &nullview, 0); gDeviceContext->OMSetRenderTargets(1, &gBackbufferRTV, depthStencilView); gSwapChain->Present(0, 0); Worth noting is the scene is rendered as usual, but I dont get any results from the CS (simple gaussian blur)
I'm sure it's something fairly basic I'm doing wrong, perhaps my understanding of render targets / views / what have you is just completely wrong and my approach just makes no sense.

If someone with more experience could point me in the right direction I would really appreciate it!

On a side note, I'd really like to learn more about this kind of stuff. I can really see the potential of the CS aswell as rendering to textures and using them for whatever in the engine so I would love it if you know some good resources I can read about this!

Thank you <3

P.S I excluded the .hlsl since I cant imagine that being the issue, but if you think you need it to help me just ask

P:P:S. As you can see this is my first post however I do have another account, but I can't log in with it because gamedev.net just keeps asking me to accept terms and then logs me out when I do over and over

• I was wondering if anyone could explain the depth buffer and the depth stencil state comparison function to me as I'm a little confused
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I have these 2 quad faces, a Red Face and a Blue Face. The Blue Face is further away from the Viewer with a Z index value of -100.0f. Where the Red Face is close to the Viewer with a Z index value of 0.0f.
When DepthFunc is set to D3D11_COMPARISON_LESS the Red Face shows up in front of the Blue Face like it should based on the Z index values. BUT if I change the DepthFunc to D3D11_COMPARISON_LESS_EQUAL the Blue Face shows in front of the Red Face. Which does not make sense to me, I would think that when the function is set to D3D11_COMPARISON_LESS_EQUAL the Red Face would still show up in front of the Blue Face as the Z index for the Red Face is still closer to the viewer
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Vertex data just in case
//Vertex date that make up the 2 faces Vertex verts[] = { //Red face Vertex(Vector4(0.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f), Color(1.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f)), Vertex(Vector4(100.0f, 100.0f, 0.0f), Color(1.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f)), Vertex(Vector4(100.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f), Color(1.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f)), Vertex(Vector4(0.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f), Color(1.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f)), Vertex(Vector4(0.0f, 100.0f, 0.0f), Color(1.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f)), Vertex(Vector4(100.0f, 100.0f, 0.0f), Color(1.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f)), //Blue face Vertex(Vector4(0.0f, 0.0f, -100.0f), Color(0.0f, 0.0f, 1.0f)), Vertex(Vector4(100.0f, 100.0f, -100.0f), Color(0.0f, 0.0f, 1.0f)), Vertex(Vector4(100.0f, 0.0f, -100.0f), Color(0.0f, 0.0f, 1.0f)), Vertex(Vector4(0.0f, 0.0f, -100.0f), Color(0.0f, 0.0f, 1.0f)), Vertex(Vector4(0.0f, 100.0f, -100.0f), Color(0.0f, 0.0f, 1.0f)), Vertex(Vector4(100.0f, 100.0f, -100.0f), Color(0.0f, 0.0f, 1.0f)), };
• By mellinoe
Hi all,
First time poster here, although I've been reading posts here for quite a while. This place has been invaluable for learning graphics programming -- thanks for a great resource!
Right now, I'm working on a graphics abstraction layer for .NET which supports D3D11, Vulkan, and OpenGL at the moment. I have implemented most of my planned features already, and things are working well. Some remaining features that I am planning are Compute Shaders, and some flavor of read-write shader resources. At the moment, my shaders can just get simple read-only access to a uniform (or constant) buffer, a texture, or a sampler. Unfortunately, I'm having a tough time grasping the distinctions between all of the different kinds of read-write resources that are available. In D3D alone, there seem to be 5 or 6 different kinds of resources with similar but different characteristics. On top of that, I get the impression that some of them are more or less "obsoleted" by the newer kinds, and don't have much of a place in modern code. There seem to be a few pivots:
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