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# help with exponents

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how would i use the pow() function for helping me create a random number with its maximum number of digits pre-determined by the user.

my code is like this

#include <iostream>
#include <time.h>
#include <cstdlib>
#include <cmath>
using namespace std;

int main()
{
int digits;
int number;

cout << "insert max number of digits random number will have" << "\n";
cin >> digits

number =(rand()% pow(10,digits))+1;
//* above is the line of code where i'm having issues *//

cout << number;

return 0;

}

how exactly do you use pow here? any help is appreciated. thanks!

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What's happening when you run the code the way you've presently got it?

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number =(rand()% static_cast<int>(pow(10,digits))) + 1;

?

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Why the '+ 1'?

Suppose you want 2 digits, let's try a few cases:
(12345 % 100) + 1 = 46 - fine
(12300 % 100) + 1 = 1 - is '0' an invalid random number? You'll never get it.
(12399 % 100) + 1 = 100 - too many digits!

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Quote:
 Original post by MantearWhy the '+ 1'?(12300 % 100) + 1 = 1 - is '0' an invalid random number? You'll never get it.

my intention was to get 1-100, which means, i intended to never get 0 as a random number

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A few things:
1). the line "cin >> digits" needs an ending semicolon.
2). the function pow() does not return an int but rand() requires an int, so you need an explicit cast to int; put (rand()%(int)pow(10,digits))+1
3). include the line "srand(time(NULL));" before calling rand() or you'll get the same number every time.

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