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# Rotating a ship

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I have a ship, and am wanting to rotate it to a destination angle.

When I want to start turning, this is the code I run:

 Ship.DestAngle = System.Math.Atan2(Ship.Target.y - Ship.msngY, Ship.Target.x - Ship.msngX) + PI / 2 Ship.turning = True

And this is the turning code:

 If Ship.turning = True Then a = System.Math.Sin(Ship.msngHeading + PI) b = System.Math.Cos(Ship.msngHeading + PI) c = System.Math.Sin(Ship.msngFacing) d = System.Math.Cos(Ship.msngFacing) det = a * d - b * c If det > 0 Then Ship.msngFacing = Ship.msngFacing + Ship.ROTATION_RATE * PI / 180 If Ship.msngFacing > Ship.DestAngle Then Ship.msngFacing = Ship.DestAngle Ship.turning = False End If Else Ship.msngFacing = Ship.msngFacing - Ship.ROTATION_RATE * PI / 180 If Ship.msngFacing < Ship.DestAngle Then Ship.msngFacing = Ship.DestAngle Ship.turning = False End If End If End If

Sometimes the ship turns nicely, other times it 'jumps' to the destination angle. I think this has something to do with the sign changing. Can I have some advice please on how to fix this?

thanks

Canning

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I'll continue on my line of advocating unit-length complex numbers instead of angles. In C++:
Complex rotate_partially(Complex current, Complex goal, Complex max_rotation) { Complex rotation = goal / current; if (std::real(rotation) < std::real(max_rotation)) rotation = std::imag(rotation) > 0 ? max_rotation : conj(max_rotation); return current * rotation; } 

And here's a complete program that uses that function:
#include <iostream> #include <complex> typedef std::complex<double> Complex; const double deg = std::atan(1.0)/45.0; Complex rotate_partially(Complex current, Complex goal, Complex max_rotation) { Complex rotation = goal / current; if (std::real(rotation) < std::real(max_rotation)) rotation = std::imag(rotation) > 0 ? max_rotation : conj(max_rotation); return current * rotation; } int main() { double current_angle = 45*deg; double goal_angle = -45*deg; Complex current = std::polar(1.0, current_angle); Complex goal = std::polar(1.0, goal_angle); Complex max_rotation = std::polar(1.0, 4*deg); for (int i=0; i<30; ++i) { current = rotate_partially(current, goal, max_rotation); current /= abs(current); // Enforce unit length std::cout << arg(current)/deg << '\n'; } } 

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