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integer rounding and rand() in c++

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Hi, just a quick question.

Am I right in thinking that rounding is always done down in integer math in C++, and therefore the following line-

int ExplosionType = rand () / ( RAND_MAX / 3 );

would give equal occurances of 0, 1 and 2 with a very rare (1 in 32767) chance of a 3.

(Compiler is VC++ 2010 Express if that's important)


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[s]Correct[/s] [size=2](Confused "rounding down" with "truncation"). As TheUnbeliever points out, the decimal is truncated. However, you can try these other solutions which avoid the possibilitiy of obtaining a 3:

rand() / ( RAND_MAX / 3 + 1 );
rand() % 3
(rand() >> 4) % 3

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